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Ch.10 Review

American History- Launching the Nation Grade 8

TermDefinition
privateers private ships authorized to attack a country's enemies
national debt the amount of money owed by the United States
loose construction belief that the federal government can do anything reasonable unless specifically prohibited by the Constitution
strict construction the belief that the federal government can only do what is specifically permitted by the Constituion
protective tariff a duty, or tax, on goods brought into the country that raises the price of those goods
precedent an act or decision that serves as an example for later generations
speculators investors who buy items at low prices in the hope that the value will increase later
bonds certificates that represent money owed
politcal parties groups that help elect government officals and influence government policies
John Jay 1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
Thomas Jefferson 1st Secretary of State; 3rd President of U.S. (1800); disagreed with Alexander Hamilton on many issues; one of the founders of the Democratic-Republican Party
Alexander Hamilton 1st Secretary of the Treasury; Developed the idea of the national bank; founder of the Federalist Party
George Washington 1st President of the United States; served two terms; issued a farewell address to warn the nation of dangers
John Adams 1st Vice President; 2nd President of U.S.
Aaron Burr Thomas Jefferson's Vice President in 1800; A Democratic-Republican; Shot A. Hamilton in a duel
Edmond Genet French minister attempting to gain U.S. support for France; recruited privateers; was deported by Washington
Little Turtle led a force from the Indian Confederation against U.S. troops in 1890.
Jay's Treaty agreement in which Britain promised to abandon their forts in the western frontier, pay for damages to ships and allow shipping in the Caribbean
Pinckney's Treaty agreement in which Spain changed the FL border; reopened the port of New Orleans
Treaty of Greenville agreement that gave the U.S. access to some Indian lands in the NW Territory
Neutrality Proclamation stated that the U.S. would remain neutral toward all nations at war in Europe
Bank of the United States planned to improve the U.S. economy
Alien and Sedition Acts made it illegal for U.S. citizens to plot against the country
Farewell Address Washington's 3 part warning to the citizens about public debt, foreign alliances, and political divisions at home
XYZ Affair controversy that involved 3 French agents demanding a bribe and loan for the French government in return for negotiating peace terms
Whiskey Rebellion rebellion of Western PA farmers about a tax on a homemade product; Washington sent 1000's of troops to put down the rebellion; ended without a fight
Judiciary Act Congress's establishment of a 3 part federal court system in 1789
KY and VA Resolutions written by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts; claiming that these laws violated states rights
French Revolution violent rebellion in Europe that gave it's country freedom from its monarchy
Battle of Fallen Timbers battle between U.S. and Native warriors over land in the Northwest Territory; General Anthony Wayne was the U.S. leader
Republican Motherhood idea that women should play an important role in teaching children to be good citizens
Federalists political party popular in the North/NE; supported a strong central government; preferred the economy to depend on industry and trade; Alexander Hamilton founded
Democratic- Republicans political party popular in the South and western frontier; supported a weaker central government with more control to states; preferred an agricultural economy
Created by: 1653082958