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Chapter 8 Vocabulary

1. Progressivism Movement that responded to the pressures of industrialization and urbanization by promoting reforms.
2. Muckraker Writer who uncovers and exposes misconduct in politics or business.
3. Social Gospel Reform movement that emerged in the late 19th century that sought to improve society by applying Christian principles.
4. Settlement House Community center organized at the turn of the 20th century to provide social services to the urban poor.
5. Direct Primary Election in which citizens themselves vote to select nominees for upcoming elections.
6. Initiative Process in which citizens put a proposed new law directly on the ballot.
7. Referendum Process that allows citizens to approve or reject a law passed by a legislative.
8. Recall Process by which voters can remove elected officials from office before their terms end.
9. National Consumer Leaque (NCL) Group organized in1899 to investigate the coniditions under which goods were made and sold and to promote safe working condidtions and a minimal wage.
10. Temperance Movement Movement aimed at stopping alcohol abuse and the problems created by it.
11. Suffrage the right to vote
12. National American Women Suffrage Association (NAWSA) Group founded in1890 worked on both the state and national levels to earn women the right to vote.
13. Nineteenth Amendment Constitutional amendment that gave women the right to vote.
14. Americanization assimilation into American culture
15. Niagara Movement was a black civil rights organization founded in 1905 by a group led by W. E. B. Du Bois and William Monroe Trotter
16. NAACP the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, is a civil rights organization founded in 1909 to fight prejudice, lynching, and Jim Crow segregation, and to work for the betterment of "people of color."
17. Urban League is a nonpartisan civil rights organization based in New York City that advocates on behalf of African Americans and against racial discrimination in the United States.
18. Anti-Defamation League formerly known as the Anti-Defamation League of B'nai B'rith, is an international non-governmental organization based in the United States.
19. Mutualistas were community-based mutual aid societies created by Mexican immigrants in the late 19th century United States. According to media analyst Charles M.
20. Square Deal a fair bargain or treatment.
21. Hepburn Act is a 1906 United States federal law that gave the Interstate Commerce Commission the power to set maximum railroad rates and extend its jurisdiction. This led to the discontinuation of free passes to loyal shippers.
22. Meat Inspection Act is a United States Congress Act that works to prevent adulterated or misbranded meat and meat products from being sold as food and to ensure that meat and meat products are slaughtered and processed under sanitary conditions
23. Pure Food and Drug Act was a key piece of Progressive Era legislation, signed by President Theodore Roosevelt on the same day as the Federal Meat Inspection Act. Enforcement of the Pure Food and Drug Act was assigned to the Bureau of Chemistry in the U.S.
24. National Reclamation Act is a United States federal law that funded irrigation projects for the arid lands of 20 states in the American West.
25. New Nationalism was Theodore Roosevelt's Progressive political philosophy during the 1912 election
26. Progressive Party a former political party in the United States; founded by Theodore Roosevelt during the presidential campaign of 1912; its emblem was a picture of a bull moose
27. New Freedom comprises the campaign speeches and promises of Woodrow Wilson in the 1912 presidential campaign. They constituted the reforms promoted by Wilson.
28. 16th Amendment to the United States Constitution allows the Congress to levy an income tax without apportioning it among the states or basing it on the United States Census.
29. Federal Reserve Act is an Act of Congress that created and set up the Federal Reserve System, the central banking system of the United States of America, and granted it the legal authority to issue Federal Reserve Notes and Federal Reserve Bank Notes as legal tender.
30. Federal Trade Commision a federal agency, established in 1914, that administers antitrust and consumer protection legislation in pursuit of free and fair competition in the marketplace.
31. Clayton Antitrust Act was enacted in the United States to add further substance to the U.S. antitrust law regime by seeking to prevent anticompetitive practices in their incipiency.
Created by: erin_casey