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Chapter 11 Vocab

Nationalism Devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation.
Militarism The policy of building up armed forces in aggressive preparedness for war and their use as a tool of diplomacy
Allies 1. In World War I, the group of nations- originally consisting of Great Britain, France and Russia and later joined by The United States, Italy, and others- that opposed the Central Powers 2. In World War II, The group of nations- including Great Britain,
Central Powers The group of nations- led by Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire- that opposed the Allies in World War I
Archduke Franz Ferdinand An Archduke of Austria-Este, Austro-Hungarian and Royal Prince of Hungary and of Bohemia, and from 1889 until his death, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne.
No Man's Land An unoccupied region between opposing armies
Trench Warfare Military operations in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from systems of fortified ditches rather than on an open battlefield
Lusitania A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat in 1915
Zimmermann Note diplomatic proposal from the German Empire for Mexico to join the Central Powers, in the event of the United States entering World War I on the side of the Entente Powers. The proposal was intercepted and decoded by British intelligence.
Eddie Rickenbacker An American fighter ace in World War I and Medal of Honor recipient. With 26 aerial victories, he was America's most successful fighter ace in the war
Selective Service Act An act that established the draft and eventually led to all males between the ages of 18-45 registering. It was challenged in the Supreme Court and upheld.
Convoy System Merchant ships sail in groups protected by an armed naval escort. The system was used to combat threat of unrestricted submarine warfare.
American Expeditionary Force The United States Armed Forces sent to Europe in World War I. During the United States campaigns in World War I the AEF fought in France alongside French and British allied forces in the last year of the war, against Imperial German forces.
General Johnson J. Pershing A general officer in the United States Army who led the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I. Pershing is the only person to be promoted in his own lifetime to the highest rank ever held in the United States Army—General of the Armies.
Alvin York One of the most decorated American soldiers in World War I.
Conscientious Objector A person who for reasons of conscience objects to serving in the armed forces.
Armistice an agreement made by opposing sides in a war to stop fighting for a certain time; a truce.
War Industries Board A United States government agency established on July 28, 1917, during World War I, to coordinate the purchase of war supplies.
Bernard M. Baruch An American financier, stock investor, philanthropist, statesman, and political consultant.
Propaganda Kind of biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions
George Creel An investigative journalist, a politician, and, most famously, the head of the United States Committee on Public Information, a propaganda organization created by President Woodrow Wilson during World War I.
Espionage and Sedition Acts A United States federal law passed on June 15, 1917, shortly after the U.S. entry into World War I. It has been amended numerous times over the years
Great Migration The movement of 6 million African Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that lasted up until the 1960s.
Fourteen Points A 1918 statement by United States President Woodrow Wilson that the Great War was being fought for a moral cause and for postwar peace in Europe.
League of Nations An international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations; although suggested by Woodrow Wilson, the United States never joined and it remained powerless; it was dissolved in 1946 after the United Nations was formed
Georges Clemenceau a French statesman who led the nation in the First World War. A leader of the Radical Party, he played a central role in politics during the Third Republic.
David Loyd George A British Liberal politician and statesman. His most important role came as Prime Minister during the First World War and immediately after.
Treaty of Versailies The treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Reparations The making of amends for a wrong one has done, by paying money to or otherwise helping those who have been wronged.
War-guilt Clause Is the first article in Part VIII, "Reparations" of the Treaty of Versailles. Apart from "Article 231", there is no title for this article in the treaty itself.
Henry Cabot Lodge An American Republican Senator and historian from Massachusetts. He was also a friend and confidant of Theodore Roosevelt. He had the role of Senate Majority leader
Created by: nichols143