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Chp11Vocab_Ernst

TermDefinition
Nationalism A devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation
Militarism the policy of building up armed forces in aggressive preparedness for war and their use as a tool of diplomacy
Allies group of nations originally consisting of Great Britain, France, and Russia and later joined by the United States.
Central Power group of nations led by Germany, Austria-Hungry, and the Ottoman Empire that opposed the Allies in World War I.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand heir to the Austria throne
No Man's Land an unoccupied region between opposing armies.
Trench Warfare military operations in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from systems of fortified ditches rather than on an opened battlefied
Lusitania a British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-boats in 1915
Zimmermann Note a message sent in 1917 by the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico, proposing a German-Mexican alliance and promising to help Mexico regain Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona if the United States entered WWI.
Eddie Rickenbacker famous fighter pilot of World War I.
Selective Service Act a law, enacted in 1917, that required men to register for military service
Convoy System the protection of merchant ships form U-boat-German submarine-attacks by having the ships travel in large groups escorted by warships.
American Expeditionary Force the U.S. Force , led by General John Pershing, who fought with the Allies in Europe during WWI.
General John J. Pershing the leader of the American Expeditionary Force
Alvin York America's Greatest War Heroes
Conscientious Objector a person who refuses, on moral grounds, to participate in warfare
Armistice a truce, or agreement to end an armed conflict
War Industries Board an agency established during WWI to increase efficiency and discourage waste in war-related industries
Bernard M. Baruch a prosperous businessman
Propaganda a kind of biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions
George Creel a former muckraking journalist
Espionage and Sedition Acts two laws, enacted in 1917, and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in WWI.
Great Migration the large-scale movement of African Americans from the South to Northern Cities in the early 20th Century
Fourteen Points the principles making up President Woodrow Wilson's plan for world peace following WWI.
League of Nations an association of nations established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace.
Georges Clemenceau a french premier, had lived through two german invasions of france
David Lloyd George the british prime minister
Treaty of Versailles the 1919 peace treaty at the end of World War I which established new nations, borders, and war reparations.
Reparations the compensation paid by a defeated nation for the damage or injury it inflicted during a war.
War-Guilt Clause a provision in the Treaty of Versailles by which Germany acknowledge that it alone was responsible for World War I.
Henry Cabot Lodge Conservative senators, were suspicious of the provision for joint economic and military action against aggression.
Created by: david.ernst