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First Week

Compact An official agreement made by two or more parties.
Common Sense A pamphlet published by Thomas Paine in 1776 to convince the American colonists to support becoming independent from England.
English Bill of Rights A government document that expanded the powers of the English Parliament and expanded the rights of the people, as well as further limited the rights of the king; written by members of the English Parliament in 1689.
Due Process The idea that people have the right to fair and reasonable laws, and that government leaders and officials have to follow rules when enforcing laws and treat all people the same way.
Limited Government A government that has been limited in all power by a constitution, or written agreement.
Limited Monarchy A system of government in which the king or queen shares authority with an elected legislature and agrees to be bound by constitution or a set of laws, also known as a constitutional monarchy.
Magna Carta A government document that limited the power of the kind of England and protected the rights of the nobility; written by the English nobles in 1215.
Mayflower Compact An agreement between individuals that created a government that would provide order and protect the rights of the colonists; written by a group of English Puritans in Massachusetts in 1620
Preamble The introduction of the U.S. Constition.
Rights A set of things people should be able to do without restrictions.
Rule of Law A concept that those who govern are bound by laws; no one is above the law.
Self-Government Popular or representative system where the people create and run their own government.
Thomas Paine The colonial journalist who wrote Common Sense in 1776.
Duty A tax.
Export Goods sent to another country.
Goods Merchandise or objects for sale or trade.
Import Goods brought into the country.
Individual Rights Rights guaranteed or belonging to a person.
Legislature Governing body responsible for making laws.
Levy To collect by legal authority.
Oppression The use of authority or power in a cruel or unjust manner.
Parliament The name of the English legislature.
Representation A person or group acting on behalf of another person or group.
Tax Money levied by a government for specific facilities or services.
Taxation Without Representation The idea that it is unfair to tax someone without giving them a voice in government.
Created by: ER5