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Chapter 11 Vocab

nationalism a devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation
militarism the policy of buliding up armed forces in aggressive preparedness for war and their use as a tool of diplomacy.
allies in WW1, the group of nations- originally consisting of Great Britain, France, and Russia and later joined by the U.S. Italy and others- that opposed the Central powers
central powers the group of nations- led by Germany, Austria, Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire- that opposed the Allies in world War 1
archduke franz ferdinand assassinated by Serbia which led to Austria Hungry declaring war on Serbia
no man's land an unoccupied region between opposing armies
trench warfare military operations in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from systems of fortified ditches rather than on an open battlefield
Lusitania a british passenger ship that was sunk by a german u-boat in 1915
Zimmermann note a message sent in 1917 by the German Foreign minister to the German ambassador in mexico, proposing a german-mexican alliance and promising to help mexican regain texas, new mexico, and arizona if the U.S entered WW1
Eddie Rickenbacker famous fighter pilot of WW1, was well known as a racecar driver before the war
Selective Service Act a law, enacted in 1917, that required men to register for military service
convoy system the protection of merchant ships form U-boat- German submarine- attacks by having the ships travel in large groups escorted by warships
american expeditionary force the U.S. forces, led by General John Pershing, who fought with the Allies in Europe during WW1
general john j. pershing Led the American Expeditionary Forces
alvin york one of America's greatest war heroes, famous
conscientious objector a person who refuses, on moral grounds, to participate in warfare
armistice a truce, or agreement to end an armed conflict
War Industries Board an agency established during World war 1 to increase efficiency and discourage waste in war related industries
Bernard M. baruch prosperous business man
propaganda a kind of biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions
George Creel head of CPI, was former muckraking journalist
Espionage and Sedition Acts two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in World War 1
Great Migration the large-scale movement of African Americans from the south to northern cities in the early 20th century
Fourteen points the principles making up President Woodrow Wilson's plan for world peace following WW1
League of Nations an association of nations established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace
Georges Clemenceau French prime minister was determined to prevent future invasions
David Lloyd George British prime minister just won reelection on the slogan "Make Germany Pay"
Treaty of Versailles the 1919 peace treaty at the end of world war 1 which established new nations, borders, and war reparations
reparations the compensation paid by a defeated nation for the damage or injury it inflicted during a war
war-guilt clause a provision in the Treaty of Versailles by which Germany acknowledged that it alone was resposible for World War 1
Henry Cabot Lodge head of the conservation senators that was suspicious of the provision for joint economic and military action against aggression
Created by: harper.sherman