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Vocabulary

Chapter 8

QuestionAnswer
1. Progressivism a movement in response to urbanization, industrialization, and immigration
2. muckraker writers that focused on the ugly side of things
3. Social Gospel reform movement that focused on improving society by applying Christian principles
4. settlement houses community center that provided civil services for the urban poor
5. direct primary election where citizens can elect nominees for upcoming elections
6. initiative when citizens put a new law on the ballot
7. referendum allowed citizen to approve or reject laws passed by legislature
8. recall gave voters the power to remove public servants from office before their term was over
9. NCL made sure that goods were produced in good, safe, fair, and healthy working conditions.
10. temperance movement wanted to stop alcohol abuse
11. suffrage right to vote
12. NAWSA organization that wanted women's suffrage
13. 19th amendment gave women the right to vote
14. Americanization teaching immigrants American customs
15. Niagara Movement group that denounced the idea of gradual process
16. NAACP helped blacks become mentally, physically, emotionally, and socially free
17. urban league churches and clubs that set up jobs
18. Anti-Defamation League defended Jews and other minorities from verbal and physical attacks
19. mutualistas group that made loans and provided other legal assistance
20. Square Deal helped to keep the wealthy from controlling small businesses
21. Hepburn Act gave ICC strong enforcement powers
22. Meat Inspection Act when government had to check meat being processed and meat processing plants
23. Pure Food and Drug Act made sure that food and drugs were safe for consumption
24. National Reclamation Act government power to distribute water
25. New Nationalism program to restore government trustbusting power
26. Progressive Party a political party that formed from the Taft-Roosevelt election and it split the republican party in 1912
27. New Freedom Woodrow Wilson's plan to place government controls on corporations to benefit small businesses
28. 16th amendment graduated income tax
29. Federal Reserve Act put banks under control of federal reserve board
30. Federal Trade Commission government agency that identified monopolistic businesses practices, false advertising, and dishonest labeling
31. Clayton Anti-Trust Act strengthened other antitrust acts by sating what a person could and couldn't do
Created by: ashley3450