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Chapter 1

Art History

TermDefinition
Chalcolithic Copper and Stone Age, still in Stone Age but learn how to refine metal
Corbeling A method of covering a space with a stone vault, created by laying each row of blocks so that the blocks jut slightly inward beyond the blocks below, until the courses of masonry on the two sides of the space meet in the middle.
Megalithic Made with large stones. A term used to describe the Neolithic architecture of Britain, Ireland and northern France, where large slabs of sandstone were available and could be used to build sacred structures
Neolithic
Paleolithic Old Stone Age, the period when humans lived exclusively by hunting and gathering and had not domesticated any animals or plants
Ain Ghazal a Neolithic site in Jordan. Under the houses of the site, excavators discovered a number of statues made of straw and plaster and decorated with paint and shells
Catal Hoyuk : a Neolithic site in Turkey, near an active volcano. The people of this town made finely crafted stone tools and engaged in trade with other areas for materials that were not locally available, such as shell
Chauvet Cave Cave in the Ardeche region of France, site of the earliest cave paintings yet discovered, datable ca. 32,000-30,000 B.C.E. The animals represented include horses, rhinoceros, lions and cave-bears
Durrington Walls A Neolithic settlement in England near Stonehenge, with a circular plan and surrounding ditch. The buildings were evidently constructed of wood.
Newgrange Site in Ireland of a monumental Neolithic tomb.On the winter solstice, a beam of light enters through an opening above the entrance and penetrates directly into the burial chamber.
Stonehenge A megalithic structure on Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire, England, datable ca. 2900-1500. Built over many centuries by several different groups of people risng point summer solstice
Willendorf, Austria Site off a Paleolicthic settlement that yielded bine tools datable ca. 24,000 B.C.E. and a female figure carved from stone.
Created by: dan.moffitt
 

 



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