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U.S.History Ch.11

Ch.11 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Industrial Revolution Gradually, machined took the place of many tools. Much of the power once provided by people and horses began to be replaced . first by flowing water and then by steam engine.
Factory System brings workers and machinery together in one place.
Capitalists people who invest capital, or money, in a business to earn a profit.
Francis Cabot Lowell found a new way to organize mills. Instead of obtaining thread from separate spinning mills, his factory brought together spinning and weaving mills in one room.
Mass Production rapid manufacture of large numbers of identical objects.
Interchangeable Parts Identical pieces that could be assembled quickly by unskilled workers.
Urbanization the growth of cities due to movement of people from rural areas to cities.
Telegraph A device that used electrical signals to send messages quickly of long distances.
Samuel F.B. Morse Invented the telegraph, which worked by sending electrical signals over a wire. He also invented a code - which was a form of communication hat uses dots and dashes for letters of the alphabet.
Famine widespread starvation.
Nativists people who wanted to preserve the country for white, american born protestants.
Discrimination the denial of equal rights or equal treatment to certain groups of people.
Cotton Gin used a spiked cylinder to remove seeds from cotton fibers.
Slave Codes laws that controlled every aspect of slaves' lives.
Spirituals religious folk songs that blended biblical themes with the realities of slavery.
Nat Turner Led the most famous slave revolt in 1831. He and others killed 60 and in retaliation from the whites, him, his followers, and many innocent African Americans were killed.
Daniel Boone Famous early pioneer who cleared a route to the west, The Wilderness Road.
Turnpikes toll roads
Corduroy Roads roads made out of sawed off logs, laid side by side.
Canal a channel that is dug across and filled with water.
Henry Clay Senator, who persuaded Congress to adopt the Missouri Compromise.
Created by: gcohen36