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Chapter 18-20

Domestication People living on the steppes of present-day southern Russia and Ukraine first trained and bred horses for use by humans
Communism system in which the government controlled almost all aspects of political and economic life
Eurasioa Europe and Asia should be viewed as a large single continent
Inland sea sea that is almost completely surrounded by land
Tundra treeless plain in arctic areas where short grasses and mosses grow
Taiga Coniferous forests
Steppe Expansive grasslands
Multiethnic containing many ethnic groups
Ethnic group composed of people who share such performs a traditional dance
Acid rain form of pollution in which toxic chemicals in the air come back to the earth as rain
Infant mortality the number of children per 1000 live births who die within the first year
Maternal mortality number of women who die due to pregnancy and child birth complications
Life expectancy number of years an individual is expected to live
National Identity sense of what characteristics make them a nation
Ghetto area of a city where a minority is forced to live
Holocaust Destruction of human life
Velvet revolution revolution without bloodshed
Privatization many parts of the Czech economy began in the 1990s
Collective farms workers were paid by the government and they shared the profits from their products
Balkanize break up into small mutually hostile political units
Entrepreneures go getter in individuals who start and build business
Multiplier effect eleven new jobs have been added to Romanians economy for each job that the soft drink company created
Annex formally added
Diversify increase the variety of their industries
Chernozen Black earth
Permafrost layer of permanently frozen soil
Soil is the thin layer of loose material
Organic matter derived from living plants and animal and their remains
Humus formed from decaying vegetation and animals
Regolith weathered rock
Soil horizon appear beneath a thin layer or humus
Soil creep soil moves gradually and constantly downhill
Loam a mixture of clay, silt, and sand
Czar A series of monarchs
Abdicate Gave up his crown
Soviet governing council
Command economy one in which a central authority decides whats good
Glasnost openness
Perestroika economic restructuring
Created by: tjleverett21
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