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Ch 16 vocab

Civil War - grade 8

Fort Sumter When the Confederates attacked this fort in South Carolina, the Civil War began.
Border States These slave holding states did not join the Confederacy during the Civil War. These states included Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, West Virginia and Missouri.
Iron clads These are heavily armored warships.
Cotton Diplomacy The South's efforts to export cotton to Great Britain in exchange for their support during the Civil War.
Emancipation The freeing of slaves
Emancipation Proclamation This order, made by Lincoln, freed the slaves in Confederate states.
Copperheads This was the nickname given to northern Democrats who were against abolition.
Habeus Corpus This provided constitutional protection against unlawful imprisonment.
Siege This is a military operation where the enemy surrounds and cuts off supplies to an area trying to force their surrender
Anaconda Plan The North's plan to use naval blockades to stop goods from being imported or exported in the South
Total War This is the type of warfare in which the army destroys civilian resources and economy.
General Winfield Scott Union Army general that created the Anaconda Plan and the plan to take control of the Mississippi River.
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson This man was a trusted General of Robert E Lee
George McClellan This Union general was removed from his position because he failed to attack Lee's Confederate troops.
Robert E Lee This man was a very successful commander of the Confederate forces. At the end of the war he surrendered at the Appamattox Courthouse.
Ulysses S Grant This Union general led the successful battle at Gettysburg and helped the Union win the Civil War.
David Farragut This man was a Union admiral who was responsible for the capture and blockade of New Orleans.
Clara Barton This Civil War battlefield nurse also started the Red Cross.
George Pickett This Confederate general is famous for leading Pickett's charge. He lost this battle.
William Tecumseh Sherman This Union army officer led the "March to the Sea".
Created by: Sandberg



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