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Civil war

Civil war and Reconstruction Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Confederacy An association of sovereign states , that was set up in 1861 by seven slave states of the Lower South, that had declared their secession from the United States.
Conscription act During the Civil War, the U.S. Congress passes the first wartime draft of U.S. citizens in American history.
Emancipation proclamation An executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, during the American Civil War, freeing the slaves in territories still in rebellion against the Union.
Federalism Power is distributed between a national government and the states.
Freedmen A person who has been freed from slavery.
Martial Law The imposition of laws by a military authority, generally in defeated territories.
Reconstruction The act of rebuilding, generally refers to the rebuilding of the Union following the Civil War.
Secede To Withdraw, in this case,from the U.S.
Sectionalism Excessive devotion to local interest and customs to a region or nation.
Union the state of being united. an alliance of people, parties, or political entities for mutual interest or benefit. U.S.A. regarded as a national unit, especially during the Civil War.
Tariff a tax on trade.
Tenant farming One who resides on land owned by a landlord,landowners contribute their land, while tenant farmers contribute their labor
Sharecropping a tenant farmer who receives a portion of the crop minus charges for the rent and other expenses.
Blockade blocking off an area to keep supplies from getting in or out
Emancipation The act of giving someone freedom
Popular Sovereignty Independent power given to the people
Created by: Jammer7