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USH:Industrializatio

Industrialization, Immigration,Urbanization

TermDefinition
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION HISTORIC PERIOD DURING WHICH MANUAL LABOR WAS REPLACED BY MACHINES
HORATIO ALGER WROTE RAGGED DICK OR STREETS OF NEW YORK, A RAGS TO RICHES STORY
CAPITALISM ECONOMIC SYSTEM IN WHICH INDIVIDUALS, RATHER THAN GOVERNMENT, OWN THE FACTORS OF PRODUCTION AND PROFITS GO TO THE OWNERS
FREE ENTERPRISE CAPITALISM; EVERYONE IS ALLOWED TO PARTICIPATE IN THE MARKETPLACE IN ORDER TO MAKE A PROFIT
ENTREPRENEUR PEOPLE WHO INVEST MONEY IN ORDER TO MAKE A PROFIT; THESE PEOPLE FUELED INDUSTRIALIZATION (VANDERBILT, CARNEGIE, ROCKEFELLER)
PROTECTIVE TARIFF USED BY THE GOVERNMENT TO ENCOURAGE PURCHASE OF AMERICAN GOODS
LAISSEZ FAIRE ECONOMICS BUSINESSES ARE ALLOWED TO OPERATE WITHOUT GOVERNMENT INTERFERENCE
PATENTS FEDERAL GOVERNMENT GIVES AN INVENTOR EXCLUSIVE RIGHTS TO DEVELOP, USE, SELL AN INVENTION (THINK IPOD)
ELECTRICITY THIS INVENTION EXTENDED THE NUMBER OF HOURS PEOPLE COULD WORK AND PLAY
BESSEMER PROCESS PROCESS FOR PURIFYING STEEL; LED TO BUILDING OF SKYSCRAPERS, BRIDGES
TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROAD CONNECTED THE EAST COAST TO THE WEST COAST; EXPANDED MARKETS AND IMPROVED COMMUNICATIONS;LED TO A "SPIRAL OF GROWTH"
MASS PRODUCTION THE PRODUCTION OF A LARGE NUMBER OF PRODUCTS QUICKLY AND INEXPENSIVELY
ASSEMBLY LINE PERFECTED BY HENRY FORD TO BUILD AUTOMOBILES, THIS PROCESS ALLOWS UNSKILLED WORKERS TO COMPLETE ONE STEP OF THE MANUFACTURING PROCESS
FARM WORKERS MOVED TO CITIES TO FIND WORK WHAT HAPPENED AS A RESULT OF THE MECHANIZATION OF FARMS (TRACTORS, PLOWS, ETC)
RESERVATIONS LAND SET ASIDE FOR NATIVE AMERICANS
ASSIMILATE AMERICANIZATION OF NATIVE AMERICANS AND IMMIGRANTS (THINK "SIMILAR")
EFFECTS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION US BECOMES LEADING ECONOMIC POWER, URBANIZATION, NATIVE AMERICANS PUSHED TO RESERVATIONS, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
CORPORATION OWNERSHIP OF A BUSINESS BY STOCKHOLDERS; LIABILITY IS LIMITED TO THE AMOUNT OF INVESTMENT
CAPITAL FUNDS INVESTED TO MAKE A PROFIT
MONOPOLY COMPLETE CONTROL OF A PRODUCT OR SERVICE IN ORDER TO ELIMINATE COMPETITION AND SET PRICES
CARTEL BUSINESSES THAT MAKE SAME PRODUCT, SET PRODUCTION LIMITS AND PRICES
JOHN D ROCKELLER OWNER OF STANDARD OIL
CORNELIUS VANDERBILT RAILROAD TYCOON
ANDREW CARNEGIE STEEL TYCOON; WROTE GOSPEL OF WEALTH; BUILT LIBRARIES
HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION CONSOLIDATING MANY FIRMS IN THE SAME BUSINESS
VERTICAL INTEGRATION CONTROLLING MANY DIFFERENT BUSINESSES THAT MAKE UP THE STAGES OF AN INDUSTRY
ROBBER BARONS CAPITALISTS AND TYCOONS KNOWN FOR BEING GREEDY AND POWERFUL WHO SWINDLED THE POOR
CAPTAINS OF INDUSTRY CAPITALISTS AND TYCOONS WHO SERVED THE NATION AND PROVIDED JOBS
SOCIAL DARWINISM THOSE WHO ARE FINANCIALLY SUCCESSFUL ARE SUPERIOR
INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION DEVELOPED BY CONGRESS TO REGULATE RAILROADS
SHERMAN ANTITRUST ACT LAW THAT MADE IT ILLEGAL TO HINDER OR HARM FREE TRADE (FIRST LAW THAT WOULD REGULATE INDUSTRY)
CLAYTON ANTITRUST ACT LEGISLATION THAT STATED SHERMAN ANTITRUST ACT DOES NOT APPLY TO UNIONS
SWEATSHOPS DANGEROUS, FILTHY, HOT WORKPLACE WHERE WORKERS SPENT LONG HOURS FOR LOW PAY
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING WORKERS NEGOTIATE WITH OWNERS AS A GROUP FOR BETTER WAGES AND WORKING CONDITIONS
STRIKE WORKERS REFUSE TO WORK UNTIL DEMANDS ARE MET
NATIONAL TRADES LABOR UNION FIRST NATIONAL LABOR UNION
SOCIALISM ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY THAT FAVORS PUBLIC OWNERSHIP OF PROPERTY AND INCOME; WEALTH SHOULD BE DISTRIBUTED EQUALLY THROUGHOUT SOCIETY (TAX WEALTHY GIVE TO POOR)
MARX AND ENGELS WROTE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO
KNIGHTS OF LABOR INCLUDE ALL WORKERS OF ANY TRADE (LED BY URIAH SMITH)
AMERICAN FEDERATION OF LABOR ORGANIZATION OF LOCAL SKILLED WORKERS; LED BY SAMUEL GOMPERS
HAYMARKET RIOT KNIGHTS OF LABOR STRIKE THAT ENDED IN VIOLENCE; CAUSED KNIGHTS OF LABOR TO FIZZLE OUT, BECAUSE PEOPLE TURNED AWAY FROM RADICALISM
EUGENE V DEBS LEADER OF AMERICAN RAILWAY UNION; WENT TO PRISON; SUPREME COURT UPHELD HIS CONVICTION, FAVORING BUSINESS AND MAKING UNIONS ILLEGAL (IN RE DEBS)
NORTHERN AND WESTERN EUROPEAN PROTESTANTS MAJORITY OF IMMIGRANTS WHO CAME TO US BEFORE 1870 (SETTLED ON FAMILY FARMS)
GERMAN AND IRISH CATHOLIC IMMIGRANTS MAJORITY OF IMMIGRANTS WHO CAME TO US IN 1840'S AND 1850'S
SOUTHERN AND EASTERN EUROPEANS MAJORITY OF IMMIGRANTS WHO CAME TO US DURING LATE 19TH CENTURY; JEWISH, CATHOLIC, POOR, UNSKILLED (SETTLED IN CITIES)
PUSH FACTORS FAMINE, WAR, POLITICAL REVOLUTIONS, PERSECUTION
PULL FACTORS ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY, RELIGIOUS FREEDOM
STEERAGE WORST ACCOMMODATIONS ON SHIP
ELLIS ISLAND IMMIGRATION STATION FOR THOSE WHO CAME FROM EUROPE
ANGEL ISLAND IMMIGRATION STATION FOR THOSE WHO CAME FROM ASIA (CHINESE)
GHETTOES ETHNIC NEIGHBORHOODS
SETTLEMENT HOUSE INSTITUTIONS THAT ATTEMPTED TO ASSIMILATE IMMIGRANTS
MELTING POT BELIEF THAT ALL WHITE PEOPLE BLEND TOGETHER, WHICH EXCLUDED AFRICAN AMERICANS AND ASIANS
NATIVISM BELIEF THAT NATIVE BORN WHITES ARE SUPERIOR TO NEWCOMERS; FUELED RESENTMENT AND SUSPICION
CHINESE EXCLUSION ACT LAW THAT PROHIBITED IMMIGRATION OF CHINESE LABORERS AND LIMITED RIGHTS OF CHINESE ALREADY IN US
GREAT MIGRATION MIGRATION OF AFRICAN AMERICANS OUT OF SOUTH TO ESCAPE SHARECROPPING, DISCRIMINATION (PUSH FACTORS) AND FIND EMPLOYMENT (PULL FACTORS)
SKYSCRAPERS BUILDINGS GREATER THAN 10 STORIES; MADE POSSIBLE BECAUSE OF BESSEMER PROCESS, ELEVATORS AND CENTRAL AIR SYSTEMS
MASS TRANSIT PUBLIC SYSTEMS THAT COULD TRANSPORT LARGE NUMBERS OF PEOPLE INEXPENSIVELY; ELECTRIC STREETCARS AND SUBWAYS WOULD LEAD TO SUBURBS
ZONING LAWS LAWS BY CITY PLANNERS THAT SEPARATE HEAVY INDUSTRY, BUSINESSES, HOMES, PUBLIC SPACES
TENEMENTS LOW COST, MULTIFAMILY HOUSING FOR URBAN WORKERS
GILDED AGE THE INDUSTRIAL AGE, AS DESCRIBED BY MARK TWAIN, BEING GLITTERY ON THE SURFACE AND ROTTEN AT ITS CORE
CONSPICUOUS CONSUMPTION WAGES + MORE AVAILABLE PRODUCTS LED PEOPLE TO WANT AND BUY MORE
MASS CULTURE AMERICANS. BOTH RICH AND POOR, BECOMING MORE ALIKE IN CONSUMPTION PATTERNS
CHAUTAUQUA CIRCUIT CHRISTIAN SUMMER CAMP FOR FAMILIES
Created by: dotsspots