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Chapter 6 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
1. Cash Crop a crop produced for its commercial value rather than for use by the grower.
2. Farmers Alliance an organized agrarian economic movement among American farmers that developed and flourished in the 1870s and 1880s.
3. Civil Rights Act of 1875 was a United States federal law enacted during the Reconstruction Era that guaranteed African Americans equal treatment in public accommodations, public transportation, and prohibited exclusion from jury service.
4. Reservation native americans were forced to live in public lands by the federal government.
5. Sand Creek Massacre 1864 incident in which Colorado militia killed a camp of Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians.
6. Battle of Little Big Horn a battle in Montana near the Little Bighorn River between United States cavalry under Custer and several groups of Native Americans (1876).
7. Wounded Knee 1890 confrontation between U.S. cavalry and Sioux that marked the end of Indian resistance.
8. Dawes General Allotment Act adopted by Congress in 1887, authorized the President of the United States to survey Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians.
9. Vigilante a member of a self-appointed group of citizens who undertake law enforcement in their community without legal authority, typically because the legal agencies are thought to be inadequate
10. Transcontinental Railroad A transcontinental railroad is a contiguous network of railroad trackage that crosses a continental land mass with terminals at different oceans or continental borders.
11. Land Grant a grant of public land, esp. to an institution, organization, or to particular groups of people.
12. Homestead Act 1862 law that gave 160 acres of land to citizens willing to live on and cultivate it for five years.
13. Exoduster was a name given to African Americans who migrated from states along the Mississippi River to Kansas in the late nineteenth century, as part of the Exoduster Movement or Exodus of 1879. It was the first general migration of blacks following the Civil War.
14. Assimilate to be absorbed into the main culture of a society.
15. Open-Range System vast area of grassland on which live-stock roamed and grazed.
Created by: erin_casey