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Chapter 5

TermDefinition
1. New Immigrant Southern and eastern European immigrants who arrived in the U.S. in a great wave between 1880 and 1920.
2. Steerage The part of a ship providing accommodations for passengers with the cheapest tickets
3. Ellis Island an island in New York Bay that was formerly the principal immigration station for the United States; "some twelve millions immigrants passed through Ellis Island"
4. Angel Island Angel Island Immigration Station was an immigrant processing facility on Angel Island, in the San Francisco Bay.
5. Americanization assimilation into American culture
6. "Melting Pot" society in which people of different nationalities assimilate to form one culture.
7. Nativism the policy of protecting the interests of native-born or established inhabitants against those of immigrants
8. Chinese Exclusion Act The Chinese Exclusion Act was a United States federal law signed by President Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882. It was one of the most significant restrictions on free immigration in U.S. history, prohibiting all immigration of Chinese laborers.
9. Urbanization the condition of being urbanized
10. Rural-to-Urban Migrant The movement of people from the countryside to the towns and cities.
11. Skyscraper a very tall building of many stories.
12. Mass Transit public transportation system that carry large numbers of people.
13. Suburb an outlying district of a city, esp. a residential one.
14. Tenement a room or a set of rooms forming a separate residence within a house or block of apartments.
15. Gilded Age In United States history, the Gilded Age was the period following roughly from the 1870s to the turn of the twentieth century.
16. Conspicuous Consumerism purchasing of goods and services for the purpose of impressing others.
17. Mass Culture similar cultural patterns in a society as a result of the spread of transportation, communication, and advertising.
18. Vaudeville a type of entertainment popular chiefly in the US in the early 20th century, featuring a mixture of specialty acts such as burlesque comedy and song and dance.
Created by: erin_casey