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AP Lang Exam

SOAPSTone Speaker, Ocassion, Audience, Purpose, Subject, Tone
Anaphora The deliberate repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several successive verses, clauses, or paragraphs
Litotes Deliberate understatement for dramatic effect
We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills Anaphora
• "Oh, you think you're so special because you get to play Picture Pages up there? Well, my five year old daughter could do that and let me tell you, she's not the brightest bulb in the tanning bed Litote
W]ith a vigorous and sudden snatch, I brought my assailant harmlessly, his full length, on the not over clean ground--for we were now in the cow yard Litote
Synechdoche a figure of speech in which a part is substituted for a whole or a whole for a part
50 head of cattle for 50 cows Synechdoche
the army for a soldier Synechdoche
Metonymy A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated,
Washington for the United States government or of the sword for military power Metonymy
Extended metaphor comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem.
“All the world’s a stage, and all the men and women merely players; Extended Metaphor
Tone an attitude of a writer toward a subject or an audience. Generally conveyed through the choice of words or the view point of a writer on a particular subject.
I want to ask the authorities what is the big deal? Why do not they control the epidemic? It is eating up lives like a monster. Tone
Hyperbole figure of speech, which involves an exaggeration of ideas for the sake of emphasis
I am trying to solve a million issues these days Hyperbole
Imagery use figurative language to represent objects, actions and ideas in such a way that it appeals to our physical senses
He whiffed the aroma of brewed coffee Imagery
Allusion brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance
Don’t act like a Romeo in front of her.” – “Romeo” is a reference to Shakespeare’s Romeo, a passionate lover of Juliet in “Romeo and Juliet”. Allusion
Juxtaposition literary technique in which two or more ideas, places, characters and their actions etc. are placed side by side in a narrative or a poem for the purpose of developing comparisons and contrasts.
Parallelism use of components in a sentence that are grammatically same or similar in their construction, sound, meaning or meter
Like father, like son. Parallelism
Easy come, easy go Parallelism
Periodic sentence A long and frequently involved sentence, marked by suspended syntax, in which the sense is not completed until the final word--usually with an emphatic climax
To believe your own thought, to believe that what is true for you in your private heart is true for all men, that is genius. Periodic Sentence
Cumulative Sentence An independent clause followed by a series of subordinate constructions (phrases or clauses) that gather details about a person, place, event, or idea.
"He dipped his hands in the bichloride solution and shook them--a quick shake, fingers down, like the fingers of a pianist above the keys." Cumulative Sentence
Imperative Sentence A type of sentence that gives advice or instructions or that expresses a request or command.
Go ahead, make my day. Imperative Sentence
Antecedents a thing or event that existed before or logically precedes another.
Created by: jdbennett1096
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