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Chapter 5 Vocabulary

New Immigant Southern and Eastern European immigrant who arrived in the United States in a great wave between 1880 and 1920.
Steerage Third-class accommodations on a steamship, which were usually overcrowded and dirty.
Ellis Island Island in New York Harbor that served as an immigration station for millions of immigrants arriving to the United States.
Angel Island Immigrant processing station that opened in San Francisco in 1910.
Amercanization Belief that assimilating immigrants into American society would make them more loyal citizens.
"Melting Pot" Society in which people of different nationalities assimilate to form one culture.
Nativism Belief that native-born white Americans are superior to newcomers
Chinese Exclusion Act 1882 law that prohibited the immigration of Chinese laborers.
Urbanization Expansion of cities and/or an increase in the number of people living in them.
Rural-To-Urban Migrant A person who moves from an agricultural area to a city.
Skyscraper Very tall building.
Mass Transit Public transportation systems that carry large numbers of people.
Suburb Residential areas surrounding a city.
Tenement Multistory building divided into apartments to house as many families as possible.
Gilded Age Term coined by Mark Twain to describe the post-Reconstruction era which was characterized by a facade of prosperity.
Conspicuous Consumerism Purchasing of goods and services for the purpose of impressing others.
Mass Culture Similar culture patterns in a society as a result of the spread of transportation, communication, and advertising.
Vaudeville Type of show, including dancing, singing, and comedy sketches, that became popular in the late nineteenth century.
Created by: cameronbal70