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History Unit Test

Unit Test #7 1/21/14

QuestionAnswer
In what year did the U.S. purchase the Louisiana Territory? 1803
What issue in the Jackson Era led to a dispute between the two main political parties? War on the Bank of the U.S.
What famous battle during the War of 1812 helped Andrew Jackson become a national hero? Battle of New Orleans
President Andrew's veto of the bill renewing the charter for the 2nd National Bank is an example of what Constitutional principle? Checks and Balances
What main issue led President Andrew Jackson to defy the ruling of the Supreme Court? Native American Removal
What was the contributing factor that led to both the Nullification Crisis, and eventual secession of the Southern States? States Rights (and tariff on manufactured goods and raw materials)
Why did the Northern States favor not only tariffs, but high tariffs during the early 1800s? It encouraged Americans to buy American made goods
Define the term policy: A course of action adopted or pursued by a government, ruler, or political party
This Founding Father was a strong federalist, was the first treasury secretary, and established the national banking system: Alexander Hamilton
Which political party was a huge supporter of Andrew Jackson's 1828 Presidential Campaign? Democrats
The passage of the Indian Removal Act led to this famous event that the Cherokee Indians were forced to go through? Trail of Tears
Andrew Jackson's election to the Presidency in 1828 was seen as a victory for who? The common man
What was President Jackson's response to the Supreme Court's decision that protected the rights of the Cherokee Indians? He ignored them
What was the Cherokee Indians response to the Indian Removal Act? They appealed to the Supreme Court for help
What was Jackson's reasoning for the Indian Removal Act? He wanted to decrease conflict between the Native Americans and the whites
List the 3 major issues that occurred during the Jackson Presidency? 1. War on the Bank 2. Indian Removal Act 3. Nullification Crisis
What are Andrew Jackson's reasons for his refusal to re-charter the 2nd National Bank of the U.S.? He thought it was unconstitutional, and favored the rich over the poor
Why is Andrew Jackson election to presidency in 1828 considered a major shift in American politics? Represented a shift in political power from elites to common men (expanded voting rights)
What factors helped Andrew Jackson win the Presidential election of 1828 (last time)? 1. Battle of New Orleans 2. He was a common mam 3. Expanded voting rights 4. Rags to Riches
What was Henry Clay's role in the Nullification Crisis? The Great Compromiser/proposed a lower tariff
What was the significance of the Supreme Court's decision in the Gibbons vs. Ogden case? The power of the Federal Government was upheld, and it gave Federal Government the power to regulate interstate commerce
Put these events in chronological order: Trail of Tears, South Carolina nullifies tariffs, John Quincy Adams elected president, First election of Andrew Jackson as President John Quincy Adams elected president; First election of Andrew Jackson as president; South Carolina nullifies tariffs; Trail of Tears
What is the definition of States Rights? The rights of a state to nullify a federal law they find unconsitutional
Created by: eabowman