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Ch.3 SS Study Guide
|Where do they believe the first Native Americans came from?
|Why were the first Native Americans nomads?
|They followed herds of animals for food.
|What did the Native Americans like about NJ?
|rich soil, fresh water, and dense forest
|What made the Native Americans begin to settle in one area?
|What is "culture"?
|Culture is a way of living.
|The Lenape Indian group shared the same____________.
|Even though they lived in ______________ regions, the ______________ shared the same culture.
|Lenape chiefs were called _____________.
|Lenape chiefs made important _________________.
|Important decisions were made by sachems by including the villager's _________________.
|One Lenape chief who was admired was ____________ ________________.
|Lenape culture was centered around ____________.
|What is a clan?
|A clan is a group of related people.
|The Lenape (clan) system is called _______________________.
|What does "matrilineage" mean?
|Matrilineage means that everything is done through the mother.
|How were land and housing passed down in the clans?
|Housing and land were passed down through the mother.
|What things did Lenape mothers pass down in their clans?
|housing and land
|Lenape lived in what two types of houses?
|Longhouse and Wigwam
|A larger rectangular house is called a ______________________.
|What are longhouses are made of?
|thin tree trunks covered with bark and grasses
|How long could a longhouse be?
|100 feet or more
|_______________ families could live in one longhouse.
|Lenape would move throughout an ___________ according to what?
|Lenape wore clothes made from ___________.
|animal skins (deer skins)
|What kinds of animal skin did Lenape make clothing from?
|Clothing could be decorated with ________, ______________, and ___________.
|paint, wampum, and beads
|In the winter, what did Lenape wear to stay warm?
|What did Lenape wear to make snow travel easier?
|Name a special type of clothing worn by the Lenape. (There are two)
|a cloak; a garment
|What were cloaks decorated with?
|What were garments decorated with?
|Lenape used ________, _____________, and _________ to celebrate special events.
|songs; prayers, and rituals
|Lenape believed in a living spirit called _____________?
|What is "Manetuwak"?
|The living spirit the Lenape believed in.
|How did the Lenape seek guidance from Manetuwak?
|They used prayers, dreams, and visions to seek guidance from Manetuwak
|What is the Doll Dance?
|It is a special ceremony for good health.
|The Doll Dance is a special ceremony for ________________.
|Lenape _____________ special __________________ dolls for the Doll Dance.
|Who was in charge of the farming in Lenape tribes?
|What crops did Lenape women grow?
|squash, beans, sweet potatoes, and corn
|What does "forage" mean?
|to search for
|What foods did Lenape forage?
|nuts, fruits, and berries
|What two kinds of berries supplied a lot of food for the Lenape?
|strawberries and cranberries
|How were berries preserved?
|They were dried.
|Why did Lenape dry berries?
|Dried berries could be stored and eaten in the winter.
|What interesting fact is still true about strawberries and cranberries today?
|Strawberries and cranberries are still popular in NJ today.
|How did Lenape men help get food for their families?
|They hunted and fished.
|What did Lenape men hunt with?
|bows, arrows, and traps
|Where did Lenape men find a plentiful supply if fish?
|What other tool did men use to catch fish?
|Lenape men also fished in the _____________.
|What three types of food did the Lenape men catch in the ocean?
|oysters, clams, and shellfish
|When did the Lenape's change their name?
|What was the Lenape Indian name changed to?
|Why was the Lenape name changed in 1610?
|Other settlers renamed the area after a Governor of Virginia (Lord de la Warr)
|What does "Lenape" mean?
|Lenape means "the people".
|What are artifacts?
|tools or objects used a long time ago
|What artifacts found in North America prove that there were early settlers?
|What is the name of the Native Americans in NJ?
|What language did the Lenape speak?
|What were the three groups of Lenape?
|Unami, Munsee, Unalactigo
|What is the name of the area the Lenape lived in?
|Lenape hoking (means land of the Lenape)
|What is the modern/present day name of the area where the Lenape lived?
|The Delaware River Valley