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American Revolution

Green 7 Visit Socialstudieswithasmile.com

Strengths of the British Strongest Navy in the World Experienced, Well Trained Plenty of Equipment, Supplies
Strengths of the Continental Army George Washington-"people person" Determined to defend their homes and property Homefield Advantage
Weaknesses of the Continental Army Poorly organized, untrained Few cannons, little gun powder, no navy
Weaknesses of the British News/supplies took a long time to arrive Risk of contant attacks Lesson reasons to fight hard
Battle of Bunker Hill Victory for the British The Americans lost because they ran out of gunpowder Battle actually took place on Breed's Hill
Quote said by Prescott to remind the colonists to preserve gunpowder "Don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes."
Commander of the Continental Army George Washington
Olive Branch Petition The peace petition sent to King George by colonial delegates after the battles of Lexington and Concord
Common Sense The pamphlet written by Thomas Paine to persuade people to support the American struggle for independence
Author of Common Sense and The Crisis Thomas Paine
Valley Forge Site of the horrible winter that the Continental Army had to endure during the winter of 1777. Many died from the cold or starvation. Others deserted the army
Battle of Trenton Victory for the Patriots. Surprise attack after crossing the Delaware River on Christmas night.
Hessians German mercenaries Helped the British in the war
mercenary troops from another country that are paid to fight in a war
Battle of Long Island Victory for the British Continental army nearly surrounded on the island by the navy
Battle of Princeton Surprise attack victory for the Patriots Left their fires burning to let the British think they were still there.
Turning Point in the American Revolution Battle of Saratoga
Another Name for American Revolution Revolutionary War
Importance of the Battle of Saratoga Convinced the French to help the Patriots in the war. The French brought their navy.
alliance countries work together for a common purpose
How did the French help the Patriots in the American Revolution? Navy Supplies
Marquis de Lafayette brought trained soldiers to help the Patriots Trusted advisor to Washington
Baron Von Steuben helped train soldiers taught discipline from Prussia
Casimir Pulaski father of the American cavalry Helped train troops on horseback from Poland
Thaddeus Kosciusko engineer from Poland helped build forts
Bernardo de Galvez from Spain supplied the troops with food, clothing, medicine and gunpowder
Final Battle of the American Revolution Battle of Yorktown
Why did the Patriots win at Yorktown? Washington, Rochambeau, Lafayette and the French fleet surrounded the British on a peninsula
Treaty to End the American Revolution Treaty of Paris 1783
Treaty of Paris 1783 The peace treaty between the United States and Britain that recognized the United States as an independent nation
Declaration of Independence document written as justification for why the colonists were breaking away from Britain
Author of the Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson
Longest Part of the Declaration of Independence List of British wrongs
Topic of Deleted Paragraph Slavery
Reason Deleted Paragraph was taken out of the Declaration of Independence The South did not want to see slavery end. The colonists needed to stay united if they hoped to defeat the much stronger Britain
Natural Rights Life, liberty, pursuit of happiness
blockade Shutting off of a port by ships to keep people or supplies from moving in or out
cavalry troops on horseback
The Green Mountain Boys militia from Vermont. Helped to take over Fort Ticonderoga Led by Ethan Allen
Fort Ticonderoga victory for the Patriots Patriots gained valuable supplies like cannons
The Crisis written by Thomas Paine read to the Continental Army to encourage them to keep fighting/not give up
Created by: mrdowling24