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HUSII Q2 Exam Review

Honors USII Q2 Exam Review

QuestionAnswer
What was the ruling in the Schenck v. US case? During times of war, ones free speech can be limited to protect the welfare of the American people
What was the “clear and present danger” rule? If there is a “clear and present danger” to the US that the government has the right to limit free speech overriding the Constitutiion.
Why did the US enter WWI? Unrestricted submarine warfare
Why did some supporters of WWI argue that America was fighting a moral war? After the Russian Revolution, the war became one of democratic nations against dictatorships.
What type of warfare was used in WWI? Trench warfare with the introduction of new deadly weapons such as poison gas, machine guns, large artillery guns, flame throwers, tanks, submarines.
How did WWI benefit the US economically? American exports tripled to help supply the Allies
Who made the argument that “The world must be made safe for democracy?” Woodrow Wilson
What was self-determination? Allowing the people of a nation to decide for themselves what kind of government they will have.
What were the goals of the Fourteen Points? Free trade, freedom of the seas, demilitarization, no secret alliances, self determination
What was the goal of US foreign policy in the 1920s? Isolationism
What was the goal of the National Origins Act of 1924? Limit the number of immigrants coming in the US especially from Eastern and Southern Europe and Asia
What was the Red Scare? Americans feared that communism was going to spread to America
Who was A. Mitchell Palmer? Government official who organized raids throughout to country to find and deport without trials those suspected of being communists or anarchists.
What was the Scopes Trial? John T Scopes was prosecuted and fined for violating Tennessee law that prevented the teaching of evolution in the classroom.
Why were Sacco and Vanzetti executed? The execution of Sacco and Vanzetti was carried out because or prejudice against anarchists who had different political beliefs than most Americans.
What ideas were considered radical in the post-war 1920s? Communism, Anarchy, Unionism
What was Prohibition? The outlawing of the manufacturing, distribution and sale of alcohol.
What were the themes of Harlem Renaissance poetry? oppression, riots, hope
What was the result of the Harlem Renaissance? Great respect for African Americans
What was the Harlem Renaissance? A period of increased recognition of African American contributions to literature, music and art.
Why were the 1920s prosperous? An increased demand for consumer goods led to the expansion of business
What were the consequences of buying on credit? Americans who were buying on credit would not be able to pay what was owed if there was a decline in the economy. A reflection of the superficial prosperity of the 1920s.
What were the causes of the Great Depression? Uneven distribution of wealth, stock market crash, decline in world trade, buying on credit
What was Hoover's position on the role of gov't? Limited gov't intervention. Private businesses and individual initiative will fix the economy.
What was the Bonus Army? Group of WWI vets who lobbied to receive their war pensions in 1932 instead of 1945. Hoover suffered a blow to his reputation when the military dispersed the Vets by bulldozing their camp.
What region of the US was hit by the Dust Bowl? Great Plains
What caused the Dust Bowl? Poor farming methods, drought, and wind
Where did the farmers go who left the farms affected by the Dust Bowl? Approximately ¼ of the plains farmers left and traveled to California to work as migrant farmers.
How did the New Deal reflect new direction in political thinking in the US? The people believed that government should become more involved in the social and economic lives of the people.
What was the Tennessee Valley Authority? Federally funded dam building program that would meet the regional need for jobs and electricity
What was the purpose of relief, recovery and reform? Relief—immediate assistance for the people in form of jobs and money; Recovery—aid to businesses and workers to get the economy moving again; Reform—addressing the weaknesses that led to the GD to insure it never happens again.
What was the Court Packing Scheme? FDR’s proposal to increase the number of justices on the Supreme Court in order to gain support of the judicial branch. Violated checks and balances.
What were the causes of the Stock Market Crash? Overspeculation, no gov't regulation, margin buying
What were some criticisms of FDR? FDR did too much or didn't do enough. FDR became too powerful.
What were some legacies of the New Deal or FDR? Stronger labor unions, creation of the welfare state, more power in the executive branch, increased expectations of gov't
Name two pieces of legislation for each of relief, recovery, and reform and explain how they helped the economy. Relief: CCC, WPA, FERA, SSA Recovery: AAA, NIRA/NRA, TVA Reform: FDIC, SEC, SSA, Wagner Act
Created by: wohsstudent