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Kala Stevenson

Chapter 11 vocabulary

TermDefinition
nationalism A devotion to the interests and culture of one's nation.
militarism The policy of buildind up armed forces in aggresive preparedness for war and their use as a tool of diplomacy.
Allies In world war 1, the groups of nations- originally consisting of Great Britian, France, and Russia and l;ater joined by the U.S., Italy, and others. They opposed the Central Powers.
Central Powers The group of nations- led by Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. They opposed the allies in World War 1.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand Heir to the Austrian throne, visited the Bosnian capital Sarajevo.
no man's land An ocupied region between opposing armies.
trench warfare Military operations in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from systems of fortified diches rather than on an open battlefield.
Lusitania A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-boat in 1925.
Zimmermann note A telegram from the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico that was intercepted by British agents.
Eddie Rickenbacker A famous fighter piolet of World War 1, was well known as a racecar driver before the war.
Selective Service Act A law enacted in 1917, that required men to register for military service.
convoy system The protection of merchent ships from U-boat, German submrine, attacks by having the ships travel in large groups escorted by warships.
American Expeditory Force The U.S forces, led by General John Pershing, who fought with the Allies in Europe during World War 1.
General John J. Pershing The American Expeditionary Force was led by his. This included men from widely seperated parts of the country.
Alvin York One of America's greatest war hero during the fighting in the Meuse-Argonne area.
conscientious objector A person who refuses, on moral grounds, to participate in warfare.
armistice A truce that ended the war.
War Industries Board (WIB)An agency established during World War1 to increase efficiency and discourage waste in war related industries.
Bernard M. Baruch A prosperous businessman.The leader of the WIB
propaganda A kind of biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions.
George Creel The head of the CPI and a former muckraking journalist.
Espionage and Sedition Acts Under this act a person could be fined up to $10,000 and sentenced to 20 years in jail for interfering with the war effort or for saying anything disloyal, profane, or abusive about the government or the war effort.
Great Migration The large-scale movement of hundreds of thousands of Southern blacks to cities in the North.
Fourteen Points Wilson's speech that was presented in front of congress.
League of Nations This would provide a forum for nations to discuss and settle their grievances without having to resort to war.
Georges Clemenceau This French premier had lived through two German invasions of France and was determined to prevent future invasions.
David Lloyed George The British prime minister, had just won reelection on the slogan "Make Germany Pay."
Treaty of Versailles Established nine new nations including Poland, Czechoslovakia, and other kingdom that later became Yugoslavia, and shifted the boundaries of other nations.
reparations War damages.
war-guilt clause This forced Germany to admit sole responsibility for starting World War 1.
Henry Cabot Lodge The leader of the Conservation senators. He was suspicious of the provision for joint economic and military action against aggression, even though it was voluntary.
Created by: kala.stevenson