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Danielle Easterday

Chapter 10 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Queen Lilluokalani Was queen in Hawaii, who protested against it, but eventually surrendered in 1893.
Imperialism The policy of extending a nation's authority over other countries by economic, political, or military means
Alfred T. Mahan A military leader and was an Admiral of the U.S. Navy. He urged officials to build up American naval power in order to compete with other powerful nations.
William Seward An early supporter of American expansion and was Secretary of State under presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson. In 1867 he arranged for the U.S. to buy Alaska from the Russians for $7.2 million. Many thought he was silly.
Pearl Harbor Is America's best port and was a naval base for the U.s.
Sanford B. Dole Overthrew Queen Liliuokalani and headed the government in Hawaii.
Jose Marti A Cuban poet and journalist in exile in New York and launched a revolution in 1895. He organized Cuban resistance against Spain and deliberately provoked the U.S. to help rebels free Cuba.
Valeriano Weyler Spanish General who was sent to Cuba to restore order. He tried to crush the rebellion by herding the entire rural population into camps where thousands died from hunger and disease.
Yellow Journalism The use of sensationalized and exaggerated reporting by newspapers or magazines to attract readers.
U.S.S. Maine A U.S. warship that mysteriously exploded and sank in the harbor of Havana, Cuba, on February 15, 1898.
George Dewey U.S. Commodore who gave the command to open fire on the Spanish fleet at Manila, the Philippine capital.
Rough Riders A volunteer cavalry regiment, commanded by Leonard Wood, and Theodore Roosevelt, that served in the Spanish-American War.
San Juan Hill A strategical location in the Spanish-American war where Roosevelt was declared the hero of the battle.
Treaty of Paris The treaty ending the Spanish-American War, in which Spain freed Cuba, turned over the islands of Guam and Puerto Rico to the U.S., and sold the Philippines to the U.S. for $20 million.
Foraker Act Legislation paused by Congress in 1900, in which the U.S. ended military rule in Puerto Rico and set up a civil government.
Platt Amendment A series of provisions that, in 1901, the United States insisted Cuba add to its new constitution, commanding Cuba to stay out of debt and giving the U.S. the right to intervene in the country and the right to buy out or lease Cuban land for military.
Protectorate A country whose affairs are partially controlled by a stronger power.
Emilio Aguinaldo The rebel leader who believed that the U.S. had promised independence, and vowed to fight for freedom when they learned the terms of the treaty.
John Hay U.S. Secretary of State who issued a series of policy statements called the Open Door Notes in 1899.
Open Door Notes Messages sent by the Secretary of State John Hay in 1899 to Germany, Russia, Great Britain, France, Italy, and Japan asking the countries not to interfere with U.S. trading rights in China
Boxer Rebellion A 1900 rebellion in which members of a Chinese secret society sought to free their country from Western influence
Panama Canal An artificial waterway cut through the Isthmus of Panama to provide a shortcut between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, opened in 1914.
Roosevelt Corollary An extension of the Monroe Doctrine, announced by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1904, under which the United States claimed the right to protect its economic interests by means of military intervention in the affairs of Western Hemisphere nations.
Dollar Diplomacy The U.S. policy of using the nation's economic power to exert influence over the countries.
Francisco "Pancho" Villa A leader and a rebel who opposed Carranza's provisional government.
Emillano Zapata A leader and a rebel who opposed Carranza's provisional government and was dedicated to land reform.
John J. Pershing He was a Brigadier General who marched into Mexico with an expeditionary force to capture Villa.
Created by: soccerdani15