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Spanish-American War

What were three reasons for imperialism? • Cultural superiority (spread Democracy & Christianity) • Economic interests (cheap raw materials, more markets for trade, more money) • Military Interests (expand Navy, new military bases)
This document stated that the U.S. would not allow European colonization in the western hemisphere. It also stated that U.S. would not intervene in European affairs. Monroe Doctrine
What was the Spanish General Weyler's nickname that was given to him due to his brutality (harsh treatment) of the Cuban people? "The Butcher"
Why was the sinking of the U.S. Maine so important to the Spanish-American War? Spain was blamed for blowing it up and was one reason that the war started.
What is yellow journalism? Newspaper writing based on emotions, rather than facts. Writing contains exaggerated information.
What was the Platt Amendment? A result of the Spanish-American War. Gave U.S. the right to intervene in Cuban affairs and access to the Guantanamo Bay base.
What was the Roosevelt Corollary, or “Big Stick Policy”? Roosevelt’s addition to the Monroe Doctrine that authorized the U.S. to act as “policemen” in Latin America to prevent European intervention. (U.S. would monitor the area and use physical force if Europe meddles in Latin America)
What was the reason for building the Panama Canal? To create an easier/faster way of travel from the Atlantic to Pacific Oceans, instead of traveling all the way around the southern tip of South America.
Who owned Panama prior to canal being built? Colombia
What were Spheres of Influence? Areas where foreign nations have special rights (trading) in China (specific location). Japan, Europe, Russia all had areas. U.S. was left out – very angry!
What was the Open Door Policy? New policy where no country could monopolize trade in China. Everyone could trade in all parts of China freely and equally.
What was the Boxer Rebellion? China didn’t like all the foreigners coming in and acting superior. They wanted all foreign influence out, which led to a bloody uprising. Boxers = Chinese citizens. International force (including the U.S.) put down the uprising.
Why is the Second Battle of Manila so important? Emelio Aguinaldo led a failed revolt against U.S. troops for independence of the Philippines.
Gunboat Diplomacy similar to “Big Stick Policy” where U.S. displayed a message of strong naval power to others and would use force if necessary.
Dollar Diplomacy created by Taft. Encouraged U.S. investors to invest in other less developed countries so that they would become dependent on the U.S. This would keep interest of other countries out of U.S. influenced countries.
Moral Diplomacy created by Woodrow Wilson – encouraged spread of democracy around the world to increase U.S. influence and promote world peace.
What is Imperialism The economic, political and military control over a weaker nation (colonizing).
Missionaries spread Christianity to other nations
Who did we buy Alaska from Russia
How did we gain Hawaii Rich American land owners overthrew her with the help of the U.S. Marines
Created by: chetjenn
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