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SS Chapt 5

5th grade The Struggle to Found Colonies

TermDefinition
Roanoke Island Off the coast of North Carolina, site of England's first attempt at a permanent settlement in the Americas, known as the "Lost Colony."
Queen Elizabeth I Queen of England during the defeat of the Spanish Armada and the founding of Roanoke, England's first colony in the Americas
Walter Raleigh English explorer and soldier who explored North American in the 1580s and founded the "Lost Colony" of Roanoke in 1587
John White Leader of the English colony of Roanoke
Francis Drake First English sea captain to sail around the world in 1577
King James I King of England who gave the Virginia Company of London a charter to set up a colony in Virginia
charter Official document giving a person or group permission to do something
stock share in a company
Jamestown First permanent English colony in North America, located in Eastern Virginia
John Smith Leader of the Jamestown colony
Chief Powhatan leader of the Powhatan people and father of Pocahontas
Pocahontas she helped establish a time of peace between the Powahatan and the English colonist in Jamestown
John Rolfe Jamestown colony leader who showed that tobacco could be grown successfully in Virginia
cash crop crop grown to be sold for a prophet
indentured servant person who agreed to work for someone for a certain amount of time in exchange for the cost of the voyage to North America
House of Burgesses law-making assembly in colonial Virginia
Samuel De Champlain French explorer who founded Quebec, the first permanent French settlement in North America.
Northwest Passage Water route that explorers hoped would flow through North America connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans
Quebec Capital of the Canadian province of Quebec, the first French colony in the Americas
St Lawrence River River in the Northeastern North America, forms part of the border between the United States and Canada
New France name given to the French colonies in North America, including large parts of present-day Canada and the United States.
Henry Hudson English sea captain who explored North America in search of a Northwest Passage in the early 1600s
Hudson River River in eastern New York that flows into the Atlantic Ocean
New Netherland Dutch colony in North America, included parts of present day New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut
New Amsterdam Settlement founded by the Dutch on Manhattan Island
Pilgrims journey taken for religious reasons
Separatists group of people from England who wanted to separate themselves from the Church of England. Some traveled to North America in search of religious freedom.
persecution Unjust treatment because of one's belief
William Bradford Leader of the Pilgrims who came to North America on the Mayflower and founded Plymouth Colony in 1620.
New England Name given by John Smith to the northeastern region of North American
Plymouth town in southeastern Massachusetts founded by the Pilgrims
Mayflower Compact Plan of government written by the Pilgrims who sailed on the Mayflower
Samoset Wampanoag man who helped the Pilgrims
Squanto Pawtuxet Native American who helped English settlers at Plymouth by teaching them key survival skills, such as how to grow corn.
Massasoit Leader of the Wampanoag who signed a peace treaty with the Pilgrims at Plymouth
Puritans Group of people who wanted to "purify" the Church of England. They established the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630.
John Winthrop Puritan Leader and first governor of the MAssachusetts Bay Colony
Massachusetts Bay Colony Colony founded by the Puritans in New England
Boston capital and largest city of Massachusetts
New England Colonies Region of the 13 colonies that was located north of the middle colonies
Middle Colonies region of the 13 colonies located between New England and southern colonies
Southern Colonies Southern most region of the 13 colonies
Roger Williams Puritan minister who founded Rhode Island as a place of religious freedom
dissenter Person who views differ from those of his or her leaders
Anne Hutchinson Puritan leader banished from Massachusetts for her religious views
Thomas Hooker Puritan minister who founded the colony of Connecticut
William Penn Quaker who founded the colony of Pennsylvania in 1681
proprietors owner
James Oglethorpe English leader who founded the colony of Georgia as a place where debtors from England could begin new lives
debtors person who owes money
Tomochichi Yamacraw chief who agreed to give James Oglethorpe land to found the new colony of Georgia
Created by: oberholzerfam
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