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SS Chpt 4 - 5th Grad

Spain Builds an Empire

Christopher Columbus Italian explorer who explored for Spain seeking the West Indies with his three ships, the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria in 1492. Discovered the Americas.
expedition journey made for special purposes
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella Financed Columbus' journey to the Americas
Bahama Island Historians believe that Columbus may have reached one of these islands. Became known as the West Indies.
colony settlement far from the country that rules it
Columbian Exchange movement of people, animals, plants, diseases and ways of life between the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere
Amerigo Vespucci explorer/navigator, where the name "Americas" came from, first to call America the "new world." He was the first to realize that Amercica was a separate continent, not part of China.
latitude distance north or south of the equator, measured in degrees
longitude distance east or west of the prime meridian, measured in degrees
meridians Imaginary line extending from the North Pole to the South Pole, also called longitude line
grid Pattern of criss-crossing lines that can help you find locations on a map
prime meridian Line of longitude marked 0 degrees. Other lines of longitude are measured in degrees east or west of the prime meridian
Moctezuma Leader of the Aztecs when Hernando Cortes conquered the Aztec empire
Hernando Cortes Spanish conquerer of the Aztec empire
conquistadors Spanish word for conquerers who came to the Americas in the 1500s
ally a friend who will help in a fight
Tenochtitian Capital city of the Aztec Empire in the Valley of Mexico, on the site of present-day Mexico City
Dona Marina Aztec woman who became an interpreter for Hernando Cortes during his conquest of the Aztec empire
conquest capture or taking of something by force
New Spain Colony established mostly in North America by Spain in 1535, included parts of what are today the United States, Mexico, Central America and the West Indies
Mexico City Capital and largest city of Mexico, built as the capital of New Spain
convert to change from one belief to another
colonist Person who lives in a colony
Francisco Pizarro Spanish conquistador who defeated the Inca empire in 1533.
Atahualpa Ruler of the Incas when the empire was invaded by the Spanish in 1531
Cuzco Capital of the Inca Empire, in current day Peru (South America)
Lima Capital of Peru founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro
Hernando de Soto Spanish explorer who became the first European to reach the Mississippi river in 1541
Esteban 1500s African sailor who traveled throughout the Southwest region of the United States
Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca Spanish explorer who explored what is now Texas
Francisco Vasquez de Coranado Spanish explorer of the American southwest
society Group of people forming a community
plantations Large farm with many workers who live on the land they work
encomienda Grant given by the King of Spain to wealthy settlers in New Spain. Gave settlers control of all the Native Americans living on an area of land.
missionary Person who teaches his or her religion to otherw who have different beliefs
mission Religious settlement where missionaries live and work.
Bartolome de Las Casas Spanish priest who spoke out against the mistreatment of Indians in New Spain
Hispaniola Island in the Caribbean Sea, made up of Haiti and the Dominican Republic
Created by: oberholzerfam



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