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Grammar

TermDefinition
To Conjugate To give the different forms of a verb; varying according to voice mood, tense, number, and person
Verb A word used to describe an action, state, or occurrence
Noun A word (other than a pronoun) used to identify people, places, things, or ideas
Adverb A word or phrase that modifies or qualifies an adjective, verb, another adverb, or a word-group and expresses a relation to place, time, circumstance, manner, cause, degree, etc.
Adjective A word or phrase naming an attribute in order to modify or describe a noun
Preposition A word governing, usually preceding, a noun or pronoun and expressing a relation to another word or element in the clause (Shows relation or time)
Conjunction A word used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause (If, But, And, Because, Etc.)
Article (Definite) Introduces a noun or noun phrase, but implies that the subject introduced had already been mentioned
Article (Indefinite) Introduces a noun or noun phrases, but implies that the thing referred to is nonspecific; a determiner
Transitive Verb A verb that requires an object in order to be grammatical
Intransitive Verb A verb that does not require an object in order to be grammatical
Pronoun A word that can function by itself as a noun phrase and that refers either to the participants in the discourse or to someone or something mentioned elsewhere in the discourse
Parantheses A word, clause, or sentence inserted as an explanation or afterthought into a passage that is grammatically complete without it (Curved brackets, dashes, or commas)
Past Tense A verb tense that expresses actions or states in the past
Present Tense A verb tense that expresses actions or states at the time of speaking
Future Tense A verb tense that expresses actions or states in the future
Progressive Tense A tense of verbs used in describing action that is on-going
Perfect Tense A tense of verbs used in describing action that has been completed in one specific point in time or moment
Tense A set of forms taken by a verb to indicate the time, continuance, or completeness of an action in relation to the time of utterance
Past Perfect Tense A perfective tense used to express action completed in the past
Present Perfect Tense A perfective tense used to express action completed in the present
Future Perfect Tense A perfective tense used to describe action that will be completed in the future
Present Progressive A progressive tense used to express action that is on-going at the time of utterance
Past Progressive A progressive tense used to express on-going action in the past
Future Progressive A progressive tense used to express action that will be on-going in the future
Subject A noun phrase functioning as one of the main components of a clause, being the element about which the rest of the clause is predicated
Predicate The part of a sentence or clause containing a verb and stating something about the subject
Object A noun or noun phrase governed by an active transitive verb or by a preposition
Hyphen Used to join words to indicate that they have a combined meaning
First Person A category used in the classification of pronouns, possessive determiners, and verb forms, according to the speaker
Second Person A category used in the classification of pronouns, possessive determiners, and verb forms, according to the addressee
Third Person A category used in the classification of pronouns, possessive determiners, and verb forms, according to whether they indicate the third party
Suffix (Affix) A morpheme added at the end of a word to form a derivative (-ation, -fy, -ing, -itis, etc.)
Prefix (Affix) An element placed at the beginning of a word to adjust or qualify its meaning (ex-, non-, re-, etc.)
Direct Object A noun phrase denoting a person or thing that is the recipient of the action of a transitive verb
Indirect Object A noun phrase referring to someone or something that is affected by the action of a transitive verb, typically as a recipient, but is not the primary object
Participle A word formed from a verb and used as an adjective
Infinitive The simple or basic form of the verb used after a helping verb or an auxiliary verb
Gerund A form that is derived form a verb but functions as a noun, in English ending in -ing
Semi-Colon A punctuation mark (;) indicating a pause, typically between two main clauses; more pronounced than a comma
Dash Used in a break in thought or to set and appositive off from the rest of the sentence
Interjection Words or phrases used to exclaim or protest or command, may stand by themselves, but are often contained within larger structures
Count Noun A noun that can form a plural and, in the singular, can be used with the indefinite article
Noncount Noun A noun that only has a singular form that can describe a singular of an object or the mass of said object (Sheep, Moose, Pokemon, etc.)
Complement One or more words, phrases, or clauses governed by a verb that completes the meaning of the predicate
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