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US History

Chapter 5 Pretest

What is an abolitionist? someone who opposes slavery
What is popular sovereignty? allowing people in a certain area to make their own decision regarding slavery
What does reconstruction mean in the context of the Civil War rebuilding the South's economy, infrastructure and spirit following the Civil War
What slaves did the Emancipation Proclamation free? only slaves in states rebelling against the Union, slaves in the Confederate States
Why was the Civil War fought? the South believed that it had the right to secede from the Union, to end slavery in the US
What was the Sourthern response to Lincoln's victory in the 1860 presidential election? to secede
What is important about the Supreme Court's decision in Dred Scott v Sanford? Supreme Court ruled that people of African descent could not be citizens
What did the 13th Amendement do? outlaw slavery
What did the 14th Amendment do? grant citizenship to African-Americans
What did the 15th Amendment do? guarantee African-Americans the right to vote
Why did Sherman and Grant use a scorched earth policy against the South toward the end of the Civil War? defeat the Confederate armies and break the South's will to keep fighting
What did Lincoln describe in the Gettysburg Address? the reasons for creating the US
What challenge did Lincoln give the Americans in the Gettysburg Address? remember the dead, continue fighting for the ideas on which the US was created
Why was the Freedman's Bureau founded? to help former slaves and refugees
What happened in the South after the Compromise of 1877 ended Reconstruction? white Southerners regained control of the South
Created by: lmagnus