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US Studies

Chapter 12 Key Terms

TermDefinition
Militarism Policy of aggressively building up a nation’s armed forces in preparation for war, as well as giving the military more authority over the government and foreign policy
Mobilization The readying of troops for war
Central Powers- In World War I, Germany and Austria- Hungary
Allies- In World War I Russia, France, Serbia, and Great Britain; in World War II, the alliance of Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union, and other nations.
Stalemate Situation in which neither side in a conflict is able to gain the advantage
Autocrat Ruler with unlimited power
Propaganda Information intended to sway public opinion
U-boat A German Submarine
Sussex pledge Pledge by the German government in 1916 that its submarines would warn ships before attacking
Zimmermann note A telegram sent by Germany’s foreign secretary in 1917 to Mexican officials proposing an alliance with Mexico and promising U.S territory if Mexico declared war on the United States
Russian Revolution Collapse of the czar’s government in Russia in 1917, after which the Russian monarchy was replaced with a republican government
Selective Service Act Law passed in 1917, authorizing a draft of young men for military service in WWI
American Expeditionary Force (AEF) Name given to American troops in Europe in WWI
Convoy Group of unarmed ships surrounded by a ring of armed naval vessels
Zeppelin A german floating airship
Armistice A cease-fire or truce
Genocide Organized killing of an entire people
Liberty Bond Special war bond sold by the government to support the Allied cause during WWI
Price Controls System of pricing determined by the government
Rationing Distribution of goods to consumers in a fixed amount
Daylight saving time Turing clocks ahead by one hour for summer
Sedition Any speech or action that encourages rebellion
Vigilante A citizen who takes the law into his or her own hands
Fourteen points President Wilson proposal in 1918 for a postwar European peace
Self-determination The power to make decisions about one’s own future
Spoils Rewards earned through military victory
League of nations International organization formed after WWI that aimed to ensure security and peace for all its members
Reparations Payment form an enemy for economic injury suffered during a war
Versailles Treaty 1919 treaty that ended WWI
Created by: KarisBolden