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History Vocab Test

December 18 Test #4

TermDefinition
Popular Sovereignty The concept that political power rests with the people who can create, alter, and abolish government
Primary Sources Evidence produced by someone who participated in an event or lived during the time being studied
Protective Tariff A tax on an imported product instituted to protect local industries. The tax increases the price of the import which makes it less appealing to consumers
Reconstruction Post civil war period in 1865-1877; armed occupation of the southern states, forced adherence to Federal Authority. Also a time of rebuilding the South, since its economy had been destroyed during the war
John C. Calhoun Was a leading supporter of states rights movement of the Southern U.S.; supported slavery; said that any state had the right to secede from the Union; was involved with the Nullification Crisis with President Andrew Jackson
Radical Reconstruction Congress United States took a radical, extreme, position against the Southern states after the civil war. Pushed a more radical agenda on them then President Lincoln had wanted
Patrick Henry Member of the Continental Congress; was the one who said, "Give me liberty, or give me death."
Removal and Settlement of Native Americans Land was a very important commodity to the United States during the 1800s. Native Americans still occupied a large portion of this land. It was government policy to force them off their land that we needed and to re-settle them somewhere else
Secondary Sources Descriptions of interpretations prepared by people who were not involved in the events described. They provided useful background material and context for information gained from primary sources
Slave Trade Sale and transportation of people from Africa, sometimes called the Transatlantic slave trade and the Triangle slave trade
Tariff Policies Government raised operating funds by charging a tax on imported goods
U.S. Constitution Established the current government. Written in 1787, ratified in 1791, and has changed the course of human history
Doctrine A rule, theory, or principle of law
War of 1812 Is sometimes called the Second War of Independence; was a dispute between the U.S. and Great Britain; Great Britain invaded the U.S., burned the Whitehouse; U.S. almost lost
Reform Movements These are efforts to reform society, or change it for the better. There have been many different reform movements throughout the history of the U.S. from Indians to women gaining the right to vote
Washington's Farewell Address In 1796, Washington decided against a 3rd term as President. In his address, he spoke of the dangers of getting involved in Europe's affairs, and the threat of rising political parties. Also about sectionalism developing along geographic lines between the
Jefferson Davis States rights activist- became the first and only President of the Confederate States of America
Henry Clay Know as the "Great Compromise" when dealing with slavery issues between the North and South. Helped pass the Missouri Compromise, which let Missouri become a slave state, and Maine a non-slave state, thus preserving the balance between the two groups
King George III Became King of England in 1760; very strong monarch; very repressive against the colonists; lost the Revolutionary War, could never get over this loss; later in life he suffered from mental illness
Benjamin Franklin Founding father, inventor, great thinker, politician, helped write and pass the Declaration of Independence; helped et French support for the Revolutionary War
Created by: eabowman