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Health Final Exam 1

TermDefinition
Health Literate a person who knows how to access resources from home, school, and the community to provide valid information
Heredity on health the traits of your health that gets passed on from your parents
Internal Influence your knowledge, values, likes, dislikes, and desires are based on your experiences and your perspective on life
Good character a person who demonstrates core ethical values, such as responsibility, honesty, integrity, and respect
Food and Drug Administration an agency that ensures the safety of food, drugs, and cosmetics
Specialist medical doctor trained to handle particular kinds of patients or medical conditions
Sedentary Lifestyle a way of life that involves very little physical activity
Fat-soluble Vitamins vitamins that are absorbed, stored, and transported in fat
Calorie Intake the amount of food you put in your body to give you energy
Empathy the ability to imagine and understand how someone else feels
Defense mechanism mental processes that protect individuals from strong or stressful emotions and situations
Fear an emotion that increases your alertness, and can trigger physical changes including increases in perspiration, heart rate, and tightening of the muscles
Personal Behavior stressors negative reactions in the body and mind caused by using tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs, or lack of physical activity
Anxiety disorders a condition in which real or imagined fears are difficult to control
Grieving process 1.denial or numbness 2.emotional release, 3.anger, 4.bargaining, 5.depression, 6.remorse, 7.acceptance, 8.hope
Arteriosclerosis the process in which plagues accumulate on artery walls
Nicotine the addictive drug found in tobacco leaves
Short term effects of alcohol judgement is altered, brain becomes less able to control, heart rate goes up, digestive system starts to shut down, and breathing becomes impaired
Substance abuse any unnecessary or improper use of chemical substances for non medical purposes
Misuse of medicine can cancel out other medicines, can cause a greater effect than intended and cause serious illness
Physical health has to with how well your body functions - be able to cope with everyday challenges and stress
Cumulative risk related risks that increase in effect to each added risk
Citizenship the way you conduct yourself as a member of the community
Preventive care actions that prevent the onset of disease or injury
Hypothermia a condition in which the body temperature becomes dangerously low
Warm-up an activity that prepares the muscles for work
Saturated fatty acid holds all the hydrogen atoms it can
Electrolytes minerals that help maintain the body's fluid balance
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs 1.Physical 2. Safety 3. Belonging 4. feeling recognized 5. Reaching potential
Resiliency the ability to adapt effectively and recover from difficulty, disappointment, or crisis
External Factors opinions of family members, friends, and cost; could also be from the media
Refusal Skills communication strategies that can help you say no when you are urged to take part in behaviors that are unsafe, unhealthful, or that go against your values
Mental Disorders an illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of a person, preventing him or her from from leading, a happy, healthful, and productive life
Functional Mental Disorders has a psychological cause and does not involve brain damage. It can be caused from heredity, stress, fear, or and abuse.
Nicotine Gum an over the counter product that people can buy as a nicotine substitute
Binge Drinking drinking five or more alcoholic beverages at one sitting
Anabolic-androgenic steriods synthetic substances similar to male hormone testosterone
Abstinence a deliberate decision to avoid from harmful behaviors, including sexual activity before marriage and the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs
Personal behavior the way a person acts or behaves
Long term goal a goal that you plan to reach over an extended amount of time
Online purchase something you bought online
Underwriters Labrotory a product-safety testing and verification organization
Muscle cramps a spasm or sudden tightening of a muscle
Hunger a natural physical drive that protects you from starvation
Nutrients substances in food that your body needs to grow, to repair itself, and to supply you with energy
Obesity having an excess amount of body fats
Healthy idenity a sense of who you are and your place in the world
Pathological fatigue results when the muscles work vigorously for long periods, often leading to soreness and pain
Voluntary responses to stress The first stage is alarm when the body and mind go on high alert, the second stage is resistance and that's when the body adapts to the rush created by the alarm and reacts the stressor and then afterwards you might feel fatigue because your body is tired
Schizophrenia a severe mental disorder in which a person loses contact with reality
Withdrawal process of nicotine symptoms will include irritability, difficulty concentrating, anxiety, sleep disturbance, and cravings for tobacco
Long term effects of alcohol brain damage, high blood pressure, loss of brain functions, damage to the heart, addiction, fatty liver, and digestive irritation
Analgesics pain relievers
Dynamic health subject to chage
Effective communication a person or situation that helps resolves differences and builds trust
Values the ideas, beliefs, and attitudes, about what is important that help guide the way you live
Better Business Bureau deals with complaints about local merchants
Safety in sports Making sure you are able to play and that there is proper equipment for the sport
Lipid a fatty substance that does not dissolve in water
Chronic hostility when unfriendliness and hatred becomes constant
Chronic fatigue severe continued tiredness that is not relieved by rest
Anorexia nervosa a disorder in which the irrational fear of becoming obese results in severe weight loss from self imposed starvation
Personaltiy a complex set of characteristics that makes you unique
Adrenaline a hormone that speeds up the central nervous system
Psychosomatic response a physical reaction that results from stress rather than from injury or illness
Cluster suicides a series of suicides occurring within a short period of time and involving several people in the same school or community
Organic mental disorders caused by physical illness or an injury that affects the brain
Side effects of medicine it can cause serious illness or cancel other medications out, if taken when it shouldn't be
Hallucinogens drugs that alter moods, thoughts, and sense perception including: vision, hearing, smell, and touch
Health Education the providing of accurate health information to help people make healthy choices
Environment the sum of your surroundings
Wellness an overall state of well-being, or total health
Health the combination of physical, mental/ emotional, and social well-being
Peers people of similar age who share similar interests
Risk behaviors actions that can potentially threaten your health or the health of others
Health People 2010 a nationwide health promotion and disease prevention plan designed to serve as a guide for improving health of all people in the United States
Character those distinctive qualities that describe how a person thinks, feels, and behaves
Health Advocacy taking action to influence others to address a health-related concern or to support a health-related belief
Interpersonal Communication the exchange of thoughts, feelings, and beliefs between two or more people
Short-term goal a goal that you can reach in a short time
Refusal Skills communicating strategies that can help you say no when you are urged to take part in
Role Model someone whose success or behavior serves as an example for others
Stress Management ways to deal with or overcome the negative effects of stress
Health fraud sale of worthless products or services claimed to prevent diseases or cure other health problems
Consumer advocate people or groups whose sole purpose is to take on regional, national, or even international consumer issues
Malpractice failure by a health professional to meet accepted standards
Advertising a written or spoken media message designed to interest consumers in purchasing a product or surface
Comparison shopping a method of judging the benefits of different products by comparing several factors
Hypothermia a condition in which the body temperature becomes dangerously low
Training program a program of formalized physical preparation for involvement in a sport or another physical activity
Muscular Endurance the ability of the muscles to perform physical tasks over a period of time without becoming fatigued
Physical Fitness the ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have enough reserve energy to respond to unexpected demands
Resting heart rate the number of times your heart beats in one minute when you are not active
Strain a condition resulting from damaging a muscle or tendon
Sedentary Lifestyle a way of life that involves little physical activity
Food Additives substances intentionally added to food to produce a desired effect
Minerals substances that the body cannot manufacture but that are needed for forming health bones and teeth and for regulating many vital processes
Fiber an indigestible complex carbohydrate
Underweight a condition in which a person is less than the standard weight range for his or her height
Weight cycling the repeated pattern of loss and regain of body weight
Dietary Supplement a nonfood form of one or more nutrients
Megadose very large amount of a dietary supplement
Mental/Emotional Health the ability to accept yourself and others, adapt to and manage emotions, and deal with with the demands and challenges you meet in life
Defense Mechanisms mental processes that protect individuals from strong or stressful emotions and situation
Modeling observing and learning from the behaviors of those around you
Emotions signals that tell your mind and body how to react
Resiliency the ability to adapt effectively and recover from disappointment, difficulty, or crisis
Stressor anything that causes stress
Relaxation response a state of calm that can be reached if one or more relaxation techniques are practiced regularly
Psychosomatic response a physical reaction that results from stress rather than from an injury or illness
Mood disorder an illness, often with an organic cause, that involves mood extremes that interfere with everyday living
Conduct disorder a pattern of behavior in which the rights of others or basic social rules are violated
Behavior therapy a treatment process that focuses on changing unwanted behaviors through rewards and reinforcements
Coping dealing successfully with difficult changes in your life
Psychotherapy an ongoing dialogue between a patient and a mental health professional
Carbon Monoxide a colorless, odorless, and poisonous gas
Nicotine substitute a product that delivers small amounts of nicotine into a users system while he or she is trying to give up the tobacco habit
Stimulant a drug that increase the action of the central nervous system, heart, and other organs
Smokeless tobacco tobacco that is sniffed through the nose, held in the mouth, or chewed
Carcinogen a cancer-causing substance
Ethanol the type of alcohol in alcoholic beverages
Depressant drugs that tend to slow down the central nervous system
Blood Alcohol Concentration the amount of alcohol in a persons blood expresses as a percentage
Sobriety living without alcohol
DUI Driving under the influence
Alcohol poisoning a severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overdose
Detoxification a process in which the body adjusts to functioning without alcohol
Illicit drug use the use or sale of any substance that is illegal or otherwise not permitted
Marijuana plant whose leaves, buds, and flowers are usually smoked for their intoxicating effects
Psychological Dependence a condition in which the user has a chemical need for a drug
Anabolic-androgenic steriods synthetic substances similar to the male hormone testosterone
Inhalants substances whose fumes are sniffed and inhaled to achieve a mind altering effect
Psychoactive drug chemicals that affect the central nervous system and alter activity in the brain
Created by: SabrynBoike
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