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History

Important Concepts Quiz #4

TermDefinition
George Washington Commanding General of the Continental Army during the American Revolution, President if the Constitutional Convention, 1st President of the United States.
John Adams Diplomat during the American Revolution, 1st vice president, 2nd President of the United States
Thomas Jefferson Wrote the Declaration of Independence, 2nd vice president, 3rd President of the United States, Purchased the Louisiana Territory
James Madison Considered the Father of the Constitution, 4th President of the United States, Served as President during the War of 1812
Ben Franklin Inventor, philosopher, and diplomat for the United States of America. Responsible for negotiating a treaty with France to aid the United States during the American Revolution
Popular Sovereignty The people hold all the power in this country; that government was created, and can be changed by the people. We exercise this through voting.
Republicanism Government in which the desires of people are represented in government by elected representatives
Federalism Power of the government is shared between the states and national government
Separation of Powers Split the powers of government into three branches; Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. Government power is divided between these three branches.
Checks and Balances Each branch makes sure the others are working the way they should
Limited Government Placed strict limits on government to protect the people
Individual Rights Rights that all citizens have that the government cannot take away (Bill of Rights)
Federalist Party started by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams, believed in strong national government, higher tariffs, government support of industry
Anti-Federalist Started by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison believed in strong state governments, low tariffs, government support of agriculture (farming)
Democratic-Republicans Anti-Federalist took this new name, strong state government, low tariffs, Government support of agriculture, started by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison
Democratic Party Came about due to a split in the Democratic-Republican Party during the election of Andrew Jackson in 1828, modern Democratic Party started here
Whig Party Group opposed to Jackson's policies. Supported state's rights, and Henry Clay's American Systems. Leaders were Daniel Webster and Henry Clay
Republican Party Modern Republican Party formed before Civil War as an Anti-Slavery party. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican President; Republicans controlled the government during this time period
Created by: eabowman