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US HY 11 EQT 2

In 1941, what prompted the US to enter World War II? Pearl Harbor
What does the term blitzkrieg mean? surprise and overwhelming force
Who was the British Prime Minister during WWII? Winston Churchill
What was America's policy during the early years of WWII. Remaining neutral while making war supplies available to Britain.
What tactics did Joseph Stalin use to dominate the Soviet Union terror and purges
In 1940, where did one of the greatest rescues in the history of warfare occur? Dunkirk
What does the term Lebensraum mean More living space for the Germans.
What was Nazism An extreme form of fascism
What did the Japanese American Citizens League speak out against? Japanese American property losses during their wartime internment.
With which country did Hitler sign a Nonaggression Pact? the Soviet Union
In what battle in August 1940 did Hitler launch the greatest air assault the world had yet seen? Battle of Britain
What were the Neutrality Acts designed to do? Limit the United States international involvement.
What was the purpose of Chamberlain's appeasement policy? To keep peace with Germany.
What was the purpose of Truman's Fair Deal? To extend FDR's New Deal goals.
What happened when the government lifted price controls after World War II? Prices rose faster than wages.
What was one result of the baby boom? Families moved from the cities to the suburbs.
Shortly after Congress declared war on Japan, which 2 countries declared war on the US? Italy and Germany
What was true of the NORTH during World War II? African Americans faced discrimination in employment, housing, and education.
What helped the US emerge from the Great Depression Producing goods for Allied forces during WWII.
What World War II battle was a TURNING POINT in EASTERN EUROPE? Battle of Stalingrad (USSR)
Who made the FINAL decision to drop the atomic bomb? Harry S Truman
What happened during World War II on May 8, 1945 (also known at V-E day)? Victory in Europe, Germany surrendered
After the Allies gained control of Africa, what was their next target? Italy
What 1942 World War II battle ended the Japanese offensive in the Pacific? The Battle of Midway
What was Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill's main war strategy at the beginning of World War II? Concentrating on winning the war in Europe.
What is the term used to describe Nazi Germany's systematic murder of European Jews? The Holocaust
How did the Nazis strip Jews of their German citizenship? Passed the Nuremburg Laws
What was Gen MacArthur forced to do when the Japanese advanced against his troops? Leave the Philippines
What was the goal of the Manhattan Project? Develop the atomic bomb
Who developed the "beat movement" of the 1950s and 1960s as an expression of NON CONFORMITY? Artists and writers
What can be said about African American soldiers during World War II? The fought in segregated units
What was a belief of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)? Using nonviolent techniques to end racism.
What was the purpose of the Selective Training Service Act? To draft young men.
What important idea came out of the Nuremburg Trial? Individuals are responsible for their own actions.
Who did Japan ally itself with in Sept 1940? Axis powers
What happened to many Japanese Americans during World War II? They were confined to internment camps.
What was the end result of the Nazi policy to eliminate all of Europe's Jews? Genocide of the Jewish people
After WWII what organization was formed on the basis of the Atlantic Charter? The United Nations
What prevented Americans from spending the high wages they earned in wartime jobs? Shortages of consumer items
Who took over Manchuria in 1932? The Japanese
What describes "code talkers?" Navajo radio operators who helped secure communications in the Pacific.
What became a popular name for all women who worked in war production jobs? Rosie the Riveter
What militant Japanese general became prime minister in Oct. of 1941 Tojo Hidecki
What took place on June 6, 1944 (D-Day) The landing of Allied forces on France's Normandy coast.
What was the actual motive behind the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere? Japan wanted the region's natural resources for its war against China.
What were the accusations against Julius and Ethel Rosenberg? Passing atomic secrets to the Soviets.
What was made possible by the GI Bill of Rights of 1944? Veterans could get help with their education.
In what part of the world were the battles of the Coral Sea, Midway, and Guadalcanal fought? The Pacific
How did William J. Levitt contribute to the growth of the suburbs? He mass-produced housing.
What effect did rock and roll have on the young people of the 1950s? It gave them a style they could call their own.
What did American society in the 1950s expect women to do? Manage the household.
What was one of Pres Truman's greatest challenged in reconverting to a peacetime economy after World War II? Keeping down inflation.
What finally brought an end to World War II? The dropping of the atomic bombs by the US on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
What describes satellite nations? Nations dominated by the Soviet Union.
What did Pres Truman promise in the TRUMAN DOCTRINE? To support nations trying to resist communism and the Soviet Union.
How did the U-2 incident affect American public opinion and policy? It caused the US to favor a large military buildup to beat the Soviets.
What was the Soviet Union's response to the formation of NATO? They created the WARSAW PACT.
What were some Hollywood figures charged with by members of the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) Being sympathetic to Communist ideas.
What was the outcome of the Korean War? Korea remained divided at almost exactly the same place as before the war.
What is one reason the US became involved in the affairs of the Middle East following War War II? To prevent oil-rich Arab nations from falling under Soviet influence.
What did Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin decide at the YALTA CONFERENCE? To divide the defeated Germany into 4 areas.
What was the cause of the Berlin Airlift? The Soviets blocked Allied access to West Berlin.
In what area did the 38th parallel become an important dividing line? North and South Korea.
During the "Cold War" what was the purpose of CONTAINMENT? To restrict the spread of communism to other countries.
What nation successfully orbited the satellite SPUTNIK in 1957 to start the space race during the COLD WAR? The Soviet Union
What was the MAIN reason Pres Truman fired General Douglas MacArthur? MacArthur disobeyed Truman, his commander in chief.
What was the aim of both Pres Truman's Federal Employee Loyalty Program and Sen. Joseph McCarthy's hearings? To expose Communists in the US.
Why did a number of nations join NATO in 1949? To protect themselves from Soviet aggression.
What country did the US believe initiated the invasion of North Korea? The Soviet Union
What is the policy of making the military power of the US and its allies so strong that no enemy would dare attack for fear they would be attacked back? deterrence
How did President Eisenhower's domestic policy reflect that of his Republican predecessors Coolidge and Hoover? He favored big business
What describes Kennedy's domestic policy success? He rarely succeeded in pushing legislation through Congress.
What happened to Lee Harvey Oswald after the assassination of Pres Kennedy? He himself was fatally shot by Jack Ruby.
What was the major part of Pres Johnson's GREAT SOCIETY? Health Care Legislation
In BAKER VS CARR, the Supreme Court declared that Congressional districts had to be apportioned on the basis of what? One person, one vote
As a Senator, Lyndon Johnson was famed for his ability to do what? Accomplish his political goals.
What was the purpose of the Immigration Act of 1965? To eliminate quotas restricting immigration from certain countries.
What did the Warren Commission conclude about the Kennedy assassination? Kennedy was killed by one man who acted alone.
Why did some people criticize Great Society programs? It gave too much money to the poor.
How did Kennedy appear in the televised presidential debates between Kennedy and Nixon? Kennedy looked more polished than Nixon.
What was the main focus of the Warren Supreme Court? Protecting the constitutional rights of citizens accused of crimes.
In 1961, what challenge did Pres Kennedy give to the nation and NASA? To land a man on the moon within the decade.
What describes the 1960 election Kennedy won by a VERY SLIM margin.
Why did the Soviets build the Berlin Wall? To prevent East Germans (Communist) from fleeing to the West.
What describes the major guiding principle behind the foreign policies of Pres Kennedy and Johnson? To stop the spread of communism.
What President established the Peace Corps? Kennedy
What was the "Bay of Pigs" invasion of 1961? It was a US backed attempt to overthrow Castro and his government in CUBA.
What was a result of the Cuban Missile Crisis? The Soviets removed their missiles from Cuba.
Who was the officer in charge of the My Lai massacre? William Calley
In Vietnam, how were herbicides such as Agent Orange used? To kill foliage to expose Viet Cong hiding places.
What was one advantage of the Viet Cong guerillas Elaborate tunnel systems.
What event caused Americans to lose confidence in the Vietnam War? The Tet Offensive
Who was the nationalist leader who led Vietnam against the French? Ho Chi Minh
What was the policy of replacing US forces with South Vietnamese soldiers called? Vietnamization
Who was the winner of the 1968 presidential election? Richard Nixon
In 1970, what country did Pres Nixon announce that American forces would invade? Cambodia
Where did tensions between students who opposed the Vietnam War and National Guardsmen result in four deaths? Kent State University
What was the primary focus of the student protest movement of the 1960s? To stop US involvement in the Vietnam War.
What principle, described by Pres Eisenhower became associated with American involvement in Souteast Asia? The domino theory
What did television coverage of the Vietnam War show the American people? It brought the brutality of the war into American homes.
What congressional action gave President Johnson the authority to escalate the Vietnam War? The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
What was one reason for the creation of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial? To help heal the wounds created by the war.
What were people who opposed fighting the war on moral or religious grounds called? conscientious objectors
Why did some Americans question the fairness of the draft during the Vietnam War? Because college students could easily avoid the draft.
What policy did Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., and other members of the SCLC encourage in order to achieve victory in the struggle for civil rights? Nonviolent protest
Why did Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. target Birmingham, AL for demonstrations? Because he considered it the most segregated city in the country.
What did participants in the 1963 March on Washington hope to accomplish? To convince Congress to pass civil rights legislation.
What happened after Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965? Many African Americans were elected to office at all levels.
What did the black power movement suggest that African Americans do? Separate from white society and lead their own communities.
In which state did Freedom Riders encounter serious violence? Alabama
What was the goal of Freedom Summer and the Selma March? To get voting rights legislation passed.
As a member of the Nation of Islam, what did Malcolm X encourage African Americans to do? To separate themselves from white society.
In 1957, how did Pres. Eisenhower use the Arkansas National Guard? To enforce school segregation
Who organized the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) African American ministers
What was a consequence of protesters involvement in "sit ins?" Time in jail, violence
How did James Meredith advance the cause of civil rights? He enrolled at Ole Miss.
WHO wrote the famous "Letter from a Birmingham Jail?" Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
Who became one of the most important symbols of the civil rights movement in the 1950s? Rosa Parks
What doctrine relating to public education was overturned by the Supreme Court decision in Brown Vs. Board of Education? "Separate but equal"
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 specifically prohibited discrimination in what area? Public accommodations
DE FACTO segregation is a form of bias that results from which of the following? habit and tradition
What did Lyndon Johnson have to do to gain passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964? Overcome senate filibusters
Who was the president that desegregated the military? Truman
Who was the first African American to play major league baseball? Jackie Robinson
What amendment outlawed the poll tax? The 24th amendment
Who was the first black Supreme Court justice? Thurgood Marshall
Why did Pres Kennedy move slowly on civil rights issues? To avoid offending southern Democratic senators.
What did the brutality against blacks in Birmingham prompt Kennedy to do? Propose a stronger civil rights bill.
Why was the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party organized? To send delegates to the Democratic National Convention
How did SNCC change under the leadership of Stokely Carmichael? It became increasingly militant.
What did the Black Panthers want African American to do? Lead their own communities
Which of the following leaders were assassinated in 1968? Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert Kennedy
What prevented the Equal Rights Amendment from becoming law? It failed to be ratified by enough states.
What was the Woodstock festival? A peaceful concert of major rock bands.
What did men and women do to express themselves during the 1960s counterculture? Grew their hair long and wore nontraditional clothes.
What did Dr. Benjamin Spock and Betty Freidan disagree about concerning the roll of women? Who should stay home with their children
What was one goal of the American Indian Movement? Self government for Native Americans
Created by: mkriner
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