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U.S history

Study Guide

QuestionAnswer
The Compromise of 1850 a package of five bills passed in the U.S in September of 1850, it caused a four year confrontation between the two slave states both north and south concerning the status of territories purchased during
Manifest Destiny the thought that American settlers plan was to expand the continent. Historians believe that there are 3 different types of manifest destiny!
The Gold Rush a fast movement in which people discovered gold. First gold rush was in 1848.
Monroe Doctrine A policy of the U.S that opposed interference between the western hemisphere and power it was introduced on December 2, 1823.
Bill of Rights a statement that stated the rights of a class of people, the first ten amendments to the US Constitution, it included a lot of things such as the rights ,freedoms of speech, assembly, and worship.
Articles of Confederation the original constitution of the U.S which was introduced 1781, and was replaced by the US Constitution in 1789.
Imperialism a rule of extending a country's power and influence through military force.
Social Gospel Movement a Protestant Christian intellectual movement that was most prominent in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
Trail of Tears a name given to the ethnic cleansing and forced relocation of Native American nations from southeastern parts of the U.S following the Indian Removal Act of 1830.
Tammany Hall a well-known political organization within the Democratic Party in New York
Political corruption of the 1800s One way was influencing votes through “charitable acts”, and another way was that they would protect certain criminals in return for monetary support.
Americanization movement the process of an immigrant to the U.S of America becoming a person who shares values.
Seneca Falls Convention an early and influential women's rights convention, the first to be organized by women in New York.
Age of Enlightenment a cultural movement of intellectuals beginning in the 18th century Europe emphasizing reason and individualism.
Industrialization social and economic change is a human society is transformed from a pre-industrial to an industrial state.
Great Compromise an agreement that large and small states made during the Constitutional Convention of 1787.
Muckrakers are those who spread real or alleged rumors about another for political advantage.
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the U.S also saved the Union during the American Civil War.
John Locke English empiricist philosopher he believed that all knowledge is brought from sensory experience
Magna Carta the royal charter of political rights given to English barons by King John.
Advantages of the South in the Civil War he best officers in the United States were from the South, had skills that made them good soldiers, also they defended their homeland gave them a strong reason to fight
Advantages of the North in the Civil War Many free citizens’ .also had many people to grow food and to work in factories making supplies, more than 70% of the nation's rail lines.
Thomas Jefferson author of the Declaration of Independence and was the 3rd President of the United States.
18th. Amendment prohibited the invention and sale of alcohol in America
19th Amendment prohibited any United States citizen from being denied the right to vote.
Volstead Act was created to carry out the intent of the Eighteenth Amendment, which established prohibition in the United States
Scopes Trial is the state of Tennessee v. John Thomas Scopes , a famous American legal case in 1925 a high school teacher named John Scopes, was accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which was against the law to teach human evolution in any state school.
Sugar Act was a revenue-raising act passed by the Parliament of Great Britain on April 5, 1764.
Stamp Act an act of the British Parliament in 1756 ,stamp duty on newspapers and legal and commercial documents.
Intolerable Acts many laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774 relating to Massachusetts after the Boston Tea party.
Boston Tea Party Many disguised as Indians, destroyed the entire supply of tea sent by the East India Company in defiance of the American boycott of tea.
Checks and Balances counterbalancing influences , system is regulated, typically those ensuring that political power is not concentrated in the hands of groups.
Reconstruction process of reconstructing
Rehabilitation restoration of someone to a useful place in society
Federalism system of government
Trigger that began WWI the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife by a Serbian nationalist of the secret society
Progressive Movement a reform movement that reached its height early in the 20th century and is generally considered to be middle class and reformist in nature
Main ideas of the Federalist Believed in strong central government, strong executive, encouragement of economic development , and Strongest in New York and Massachusetts.
Main ideas of the Anti-Federalists their belief that a stronger government threatened the sovereignty of the state and individuals. The other point was the central government under the Articles of Confederation was sufficient.
Harlem Renaissance Movement of the new African-American cultural expressions across the urban areas in the Northeast and Midwest United States affected .
Allied Powers of WWI started in 1914 with 5 main countries which were Great Britain, Russia, France, Belgium and Serbia. Until 1918 the US joined the allied forces.
Gilded age a period spanning in the 1870s to the turn of the twentieth century.
Prohibition Movement a nationwide ban on the sale, production, importation, and transportation of alcohol drinks that remained in place from 1920-1933.
Laissez Faire a policy of letting things take their own course, without interfering.
Robert E. Lee American general who led the Confederate Armies in the American Civil War.
Created by: belen.baylon9