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8-History Fall Final

U.S. History Fall Final 2013

QuestionAnswer
Which Revolutionary War soldier is famous for saying, "I have not yet begun to fight."? John Paul Jones
What are three reasons for migration of English to the colonies? religious freedom, economic opportunity, & political freedom
Why is the year 1787 significant to U.S. history? the Constitution was written
What did the thirteen colonies in North America announce in 1776? Independence from Great Britain
What is the correct chronological order of the following: George Washington elected as president, Federalist Papers written, Declaration of Independence, Constitutional Convention meets in Philadelphia Declaration of Independence, Constitutional Convention meets in Philadelphia, federalists papers written, George Washington elected as President
What reason was Virginia founded? Pennsylvania? Virginia- economic reasons Pennsylvania- religious reasons
Maryland: Catholics:: Pennsylvania: _________ Quakers
Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and South Carolina were all founded for _____________ reasons. economic
Massachusetts was founded for ______________ reasons. religious
The British felt the colonists should help pay the expenses from fighting which war? French and Indian War
Which document was the first to include the idea of self-government in America? Mayflower Compact
What is an important characteristic of the Virginia House of Burgesses that contributed to the growth of representative government? Representatives were elected by the people
Why is the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut significant to the English Colonies? It was a written constitution and is considered the first in the colonies.
What is the MOST important accomplishment of the Second Continental Congress? created the Declaration of Independence
Why were the English colonists opposed to the Stamp Act? It was imposed without their consent.
Who was appointed to organize a national army and become its commander-in-chief? George Washington
What is Thomas Paine famous for writing? Common Sense
Where were the first shots of the Revolutionary War fired? Lexington
What battle was considered the turning point for the Americans in the Revolutionary War? Battle of Saratoga
What is the key factor in the principle of federalism? powers divided between state & national government
What issue did the Three-Fifths compromise at the Constitutional Convention address? the counting of slaves for purposes of determining representation and taxation
What was the result of the Battle of Yorktown during the Revolutionary War? the conflict ended with the surrender of Cornwallis' troops
What rebellion directly led to the Constitutional Convention of 1782? Shay's Rebellion
What were the disadvantages and advantages of the Americans during the Revolutionary War? Disadvantages: untrained militia Advantages: geography
Which controversial legislation of President John Adams' administration restricted citizens from criticizing the government? Alien and Sedition Acts
What were some issues about ratifying the U.S. Constitution? dissatisfaction with the Articles of Confederation, fears of a domineering central government, demand for a bill of rights, publication of the Federalist Papers
What issue did the Federalist and Anti-Federalist debate? ratification of the U.S. Consitution
What did the Whiskey Rebellion prove about the Federal Government? the Federal Government will assert authority
Why was slavery so important to the Southern colonies in the colonial era? the economy was agrarian & slaves kept the plantation system profitable
Who vetoed the charter of the Second National Bank? Andrew Jackson
Why did President Andrew Jackson remove the American Indians from the South in 1830? to clear land for white settlers to move in
What action contributed to the beginning of the War of 1812? impressment of American sailors into the British navy
Southern colonies relied on tobacco, indigo, and ________ crops. rice
What were the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation? lack of an executive, lack of judiciary, and inability to collect taxes
What constitutional principle was established with the ruling of Marbury v. Madison? judicial review
Which amendment gives us the freedom of press? 1st
What was the first governing document for the Pilgrims in America? Mayflower Compact
What major purchase doubled the size of the U.S. in 1803? Louisiana Purchase
Name 3 unalienable rights listed in the Declaration of Independence. Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness
Which colony was founded in 1732, as the last British colony in North America? Georgia
Created by: kwittner