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SOWK2501

RESEARCH METHODS INTRO

QuestionAnswer
In Canada we are accountable to two important organizations: a. casw and caswe b. casw and oasw c. caswe and ocswssw d. oasw and ocswssw A. CASW AND CASWE
The phases of scientific inquiry include all of the following except: a. observation b. making assumptions (developing hypotheses) c. testing the assumptions (hypotheses) d. gathering data D. Gathering data
Building new knowledge for practice by conducting research and publishing the results would describe which role: a. consumer b. producer c. neither d. both B. Producer
When conducting research, researchers must be: a. value aware b. skeptics c. honest d. all of the above D. All of the above
Research and practice are closely related in that both roughly follow: a. the problem-solving process b. evidence based approach c. the structural approach d. the anti-oppressive approach A. The problem-solving process
The person who is generally regarded as the Father of Modern Science: A. Socrates B. Plato C. Aristotle D. Galileo C. Aristotle
The person who is generally regarded as the Father of Modern Philosophy: A. Plato B. Rene Descartes C. John Locke D. David Hume B. Rene Descartes
The person who views the mind as a "blank slate on which experience writes" is: A. Plato B. Rene Descartes C. John Locke D. David Hume C. John Locke
The concept that valued commerce and industry, and favoured the rising middle class rather than the aristocracy or the church was: A. Liberalism B. Positivism C. Post-Positivism D. Rationalism A. Liberalism
The approach that "amounted to the methodological assertion that any variable which cannot be directly represented by a measurement operation has no place in science" is consistent with: A. Liberalism B. Positivism C. Post-Positivism D. Rationalism B. Positivism
The statement that the positivist way of knowing attempts to study only those things that can be 'objectively' measured would describe which criteria of the positivist approach? A. Measurability B. Objectivity C. Reducing uncertainty D. Duplication A. Measurability
If there is a causal relationship between 2 variables;1 variable causes the existence of the other then you would: A. Develop concepts B. Identify variables within concepts C. Put value labels on variables D. Define independent and dependent variables D. Define independent and dependent variables
Interpretive researchers believe that values should: A. Not influence research B. Influence research C. Should be acknowledged D. Have no place in research C. Should be acknowledged
To develop an in-depth understanding of the reality of the people involved in the phenomenon of interest would describe the goal of: A. The positivist approach B. The qualitative approach C. The empirical approach D. The scientific method B. The qualitative approach
The principle data collecting instrument in qualitative research is the: A. Questionnaire B. Standardized test C. Survey D. Researcher D. Researcher
SW'S in research minimize risks to participants, ensure informed consent, maintain confidentiality and accurately report the results of their studies": A. CASWE B. CASW C. CSWE D. Tri-Council statement on ethical conduct B. CASW
Universities in Canada follow ethical guidelines found in the: A. CASW CODE OF ETHICS B. NASW CODE OF ETHICS C. TRI-COUNCIL STATEMENT ON ETHICAL CONDUCT D. NONE OF THE ABOVE C. TRI-COUNCIL STATEMENT ON ETHICAL CONDUCT
The National Research Act in the US came about as the result of the: A. TUSKEGEE SYPHILIS STUDY B. TRUTH COMMISSION INTO GENOCIDE C. EVENTS AT THE ALLEN MEMORIAL HOSPITAL D. EVENTS AT THE NANAIMO TB HOSPITAL A. TUSKEGEE SYPHILIS STUDY
The first and arguably the most important ethical issue is the need for: A. INFORMED CONSENT B. CONFIDENTIALITY C. ANONYMITY D. COMPENSATION A. INFORMED CONSENT
Keeping confidential about which participants were included in the study has to do with: A. INFORMED CONSENT B. CONFIDENTIALITY C. ANONYMITY D. COMPENSATION C. ANONYMITY
Social work research carried out from a structural perspective should put the interests of ___ first: A. CLIENTS B. FUNDERS C. TAX PAYERS D. SUPERVISORS A. CLIENTS
The smaller group within the larger group of interest chosen randomly refers to: A. THE SAMPLE B. THE POPULATION C. THE PROBABILITY SAMPLE D. THE NON PROBABILITY SAMPLE A. THE SAMPLE
Asking a participant to introduce you to other potential participants would describe what type of sample: A. AVAILABILITY B. PURPOSIVE C. CLUSTER RANDOM SAMPLING D. SNOWBALL D. SNOWBALL
What is NOT an example of probability sampling: A. SIMPLE RANDOM SAMPLING B. SYSTEMATIC RANDOM SAMPLING C. QUOTA SAMPLING D. STRATIFIED RANDOM SAMPLING C. QUOTA SAMPLING
Members of a research advisory committee could include: A. SERVICE USERS B. COMMUNITY REPS C. ORG. REPS D. ALL OF THE ABOVE D. ALL OF THE ABOVE
Participatory Action Research is consistent with: A. A STRENGTHS BASED APPROACH B. A POSITIVIST APPROACH C. A POST-POSITIVIST APPROACH D. A STRUCTURAL APPROACH D. A STRUCTURAL APPROACH
The term participatory action research was first introduced by: A. KURT LEWIN B. PAOLO FREIRE C. ORLANDO FALS-BORDA D. BUD HALL C. ORLANDO FALS-BORDA
The lines between the role of researcher and the researched should be: A. CLEAR FROM THE START B. DELIBERATELY BLURRED AT LEAST INITIALLY C. NEGOTIABLE D. LEFT UP TO THE RESEARCHER B. DELIBERATELY BLURRED AT LEAST INITIALLY
In the ideal par approach would be: A. CITIZENS WOULD CONTROL ALL MAJOR DECISIONS B. CITIZENS WOULD CONTROL THE METHODOLOGY BUT NOT DATA COLLECTION & ANALYSIS C. CITIZENS WOULD CONTROL DEVELOPMENT OF METHOD ONLY D. CITIZEN INVOLVEMENT IS LIMITED A. CITIZENS WOULD CONTROL ALL MAJOR DECISIONS
If little is known about a given topic, we would generally engage in; A. An exploratory study. b. A descriptive study. c. An explanatory study. d. A quantitative study. A. AN EXPLORATORY STUDY
U want 2 know if a causal relationship exists between 2 phenomena, you would use; A exploratory study b A descriptive study c An explanatory study d A quantitative study C. AN EXPLANATORY STUDY
In formulating research questions we must consider; a.Their relevance to clients and the organization. b.If the question is researchable. c.If there is the possibility of harm to clients. d.All of the above. D. ALL OF THE ABOVE
Dialectics as an analytical tool to understand: a.Reality as evolving through contradictions. b. The positivist approach to research. c.The interpretist approach to research. d.The welfare state. A. Reality as evolving through contradictions.
Epistemic privilege suggests: A Only the bourgeoisie understand the capitalist system B Only the oppressed can understand how the capitalist system functions. C You need the both to understand the system D No one understands the system B. Only people that have been oppressed by a system can fully understand how the capitalist system functions.
During the 1960’s and 1970’s, Aboriginal Scholars; a.Did not exist. b.Worked within a western positivist framework. c. Worked within an Indigenous paradigm. d. Were not interested in quantitative research. b.Worked within a western positivist framework
Michael Hart is an Indigenous social work scholar who has proposed a social work model for Indigenous people making use of; a.A combination of Indigenous and mainstream practices b.An Anti-Oppressive model c.A Structural Model d.The Medicine Wheel D. THE MEDICINE WHEEL
Many First Nations communities have adopted the following principles when engaging in research a.OCAP b.The Tri-Council Policy Statement c.Structural principles d.Anti-Oppressive principles a.OCAP
In Indigenous Research OCAP stands for: OWNERSHIP CONTROL ACCESS POSSESSION
AXIOLOGY: THE STUDY OF NATURE
ONTOLOGY: NATURE OF REALITY
METHODOLOGY: PROCEDURES OR LOGIC USED TO ANSWER QUESTIONS
EPISTEMOLOGY: STUDY OF KNOWLEDGE
External validity in program evaluation is concerned with the following. a.The dependent variable b.The independent variable c.Causality d.Generalizability to a wider population d.Generalizability to a wider population
Single subject designs are generally used a.To examine a program’s effectiveness b.Through random assignment to groups c.By social workers to evaluate their own practice d.To control rival hypotheses and alternative explanations c.By social workers to evaluate their own practice
The experimental design is another term used to describe the a.The one group post-test only design b.The one group pretest post-test design c.The time series design d.The pretest post-test control group design. d.The pretest post-test control group design.
Threats to internal validity include; a. Maturation. b. Mortality. c. History. d.All of the above. d. All of the above.
If clients can't participate due to child care it will be evident when the ? involves determining; A. Who uses existing services. B. What barriers prevent clients from accessing services. C. If there are enough clients. D. Whether services exist in th B. What barriers prevent clients from accessing services.
Analysis of qual data / quan data is different. Which is not part of these? A. The distinction among data collection, data organizing, and data analysis are much more difficult to define. B. The methods of analysis are less structured. C. The primary m C.The primary mission of qualitative data analysis is to test hypotheses.
Words, a sentence or part of a paragraph that form the building blocks of the analysis are the; a.Meaning Units b.Codes c.Categories d.Themes a.Meaning Units
Identifying meaning units and fitting them into categories and assigning codes to the categories, is part of the; a. First Level coding b. Second level coding c. Third level coding d. Development of themes a. First Level coding
When the responses of the interview of new participants fit easily into the existing categories, you can; a. Begin the analysis b. Code the responses c. Conduct more interviews d. Stop interviewing d. Stop interviewing
Interpreting the data is part of the; a. First level coding b. Second level coding c. Third level coding d. Development of themes b. Second level coding
The phases of scientific inquiry include all of the following except: Select one: a. Observation. b. Making Assumptions (Developing hypotheses). c. Testing the Assumptions (Hypotheses). d. Gathering data. d. Gathering data.
Identifying the research problem (or question) is similar to which phase of practice? a. Assessing the problem. b. Selecting and planning the intervention. c. Implementing the intervention. d. Evaluating the service user’s progress. a. Assessing the problem.
The historical period that was marked by passive observation of natural phenomena best describes; a. Pre-Positivism. b. Positivism. c. Post-Positivism. d. Post Modernism. a. Pre-Positivism.
Empirical research and practice are closely related in that both roughly follow; a. The problem solving process. b. Evidence-based practice approach. c. The structural approach. d. The anti-oppressive approach. b. Evidence-based practice approach.
The structural approach originated during the 1970’s; a. In the U.S. b. In Canada. c. In Ontario. d. At Carleton University. a. In the U.S.
Maximizing client’s potential for personal change would describe which Structural Practice a. Collectivization b. Materialization c. Increasing client power in the client worker relationship d. Enhancing the client’ power through personal change d. Enhancing the client’ power through personal change
social work is not a neutral, technical profession, but an active political process, is one of the principles of; a. Evidence based practice b. The structural approach c. The problem solving approach d. Anti-oppressive practice d. Anti-oppressive practice.
A variable is anything that varies, which means that there must be at least; a. One value per variable. b. Two values per variable. c. More than two values per variable. d. Several values per variable. b. Two values per variable.
The methodological assertion that any variable which cannot be directly represented by a measurement operation has no place in science” is consistent with; a. Liberalism. b. Positivism. c. Post-Positivism. d. Rationalism. b. Positivism.
There are generally two types of hypotheses; a. Numerical and non-numerical. b. A research hypothesis and a test hypothesis. c. A directional and non-directional hypothesis. d. A quantitative and qualitative hypothesis. c. A directional and non-directional hypothesis.
In quantitative methods there are two types of statistical data analyses; a. Numerical and a non-numerical. b. Quantitative and qualitative. c. Descriptive and inferential. d. Standard and advanced. c. Descriptive and inferential.
The Nuremberg Code on research ethics states that participants must; a. Be compensated for participating in research. b. Voluntarily consent to participating in research. c. Not be identified in research. d. Not be exposed to risks. b. Voluntarily consent to participating in research.
The tool used by Marx to understand reality as evolving through contradictions is called; a. Materialism. b. Praxis. c. Dialectic. d. Structuralism. c. Dialectic.
An important part of the literature review is to; a. Describe the independent variable. b. Describe the dependent variable. c. Describe the methodology. d. Identify previous research. d. Identify previous research.
To answer the question: “How effective is our intervention in helping the client?” we need to use which research design? a. Exploratory. b. Empirical. c. Explanatory. d. None of the above. c. Explanatory.
Single subject designs are: A. RESEARCH ORIENTED B. PRACTICE ORIENTED C. USED BY RESEARCHERS D. HARD TO DO B. PRACTICE ORIENTED
SINGLE SUBJECT DESIGNS ARE: A. USED MORE BY RESEARCHERS B. USED MORE BY PRACTITIONERS C. RESEARCH ORIENTED D. SCIENTIFICALLY UNSOUND B. USED MORE BY PRACTITIONERS
SINGLE SUBJECT DESIGNS: A. PROVIDE DATA ABOUT HOW WELL A TREATMENT INTERVENTION IS WORKING B. USED BY RESEARCHERS C. PRE-POSITIVIST D. ALL OF THE ABOVE A. PROVIDE DATA ABOUT HOW WELL A TREATMENT INTERVENTION IS WORKING
A UNIT OF ANALYSIS: A. IS THE THING BEING STUDIED B. IMPRACTICAL TO USE C. A BASELINE D. NONE OF THE ABOVE A. THE THING BEING STUDIED
REQUIREMENTS FOR A SINGLE-SUBJECT DESIGN: A. SETTING MEASURABLE CLIENT OBJECTIVES B. SELECTING VALID AND RELIABLE OUTCOME MEASURES C. GRAPHICALLY DISPLAYING DATA D. ALL OF THE ABOVE D. ALL OF THE ABOVE
IN AN AB DESCRIPTIVE DESIGN WHAT DOES A AND B REPRESENT? A. A REPRESENTS THE BASELINE SCORE ON SERVICE USER FUNCTIONING B. B REPRESENTS THE BASELINE C. B REPRESENTS THE SERVICE USERS FUNCTIONING DURING INTERVENTION D. A REPRESENTS CLIENT OBJECTIVES (A) A REPRESENTS THE BASELINE SCORE ON SERVICE USER FUNCTIONING, (C) B REPRESENTS THE SERVICE USERS FUNCTIONING DURING INTERVENTION
WHAT IS A RETROSPECTIVE BASELINE? A. A BASELINE MEASURE OF CLIENTS PAST B. A CONSTRUCTIONS OF A BASELINE TO DETERMINE THE LEVEL OF THE PROBLEM BEFORE AN IMPLEMENTATION WAS IMPLEMENTED C. A BASELINE COMPLETED AT THE END OF TREATMENT D. PAST TREATMENT B B. A CONSTRUCTIONS OF A BASELINE TO DETERMINE THE LEVEL OF THE PROBLEM BEFORE AN IMPLEMENTATION WAS IMPLEMENTED
HOW CAN YOU CREATE A RETROSPECTIVE BASELINE? A. ASK CLIENT FOR IMPUT B. GUESSTIMATE CLIENTS FUNCTIONING AT BEGINNING OF TREATMENT C. LOOK AT MEDICAL RECORDS, GRADES, ETC. D. ALL OF THE ABOVE C. LOOK AT MEDICAL RECORDS, GRADES, ETC
THE CLASSICAL DESIGN IS: A. OLD AND OUTDATED B. PRE-TEST, POST-TEST, CONTROL GROUP C. NEVER USED WITH ONE GROUP DESIGNS D. NONE OF THE ABOVE B. PRE-TEST, POST-TEST, CONTROL GROUP
WHAT ARE THE 5 TYPES OF EVALUATIONS: (PONEE) 1. PROCESS 2. OUTCOME 3. NEEDS 4. EVALUABILITY 5. EFFICIENCY
2 APPROACHES TO QUALITY IMPROVEMENT? A. THE PROJECT APPROACH B. CONTINUOUS FEEDBACK APPROACH C. THE MONITORING APPROACH D. EXTERNALLY DRIVEN APPROACH A. THE PROJECT APPROACH & C. THE MONITORING APPROACH
NAME THE 4 LEVELS OF MEASUREMENT: (NOIR) NOMINAL ORDINAL INTERVAL RATIO
A. OBSERVATIONS MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE, INHERENT ORDER, EQUAL SPACING, ABSOLUTE ZERO B. OBSERVATIONS ARE MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE, INHERENT ORDER C. OBSERVATIONS MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE CATEGORIES D. OBSERVATIONS MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE, INHERENT ORDER, EQUAL SPACING A. RATIO B. ORDINAL C. NOMINAL D. INTERVAL
WHAT ARE THE MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY? MODE MEDIAN MEAN
WHAT ARE THE MEASURES OF VARIABILITY? RANGE & STANDARD DEVIATION
IDENTIFY: A.THE AVERAGE OF ALL THE VALUES B. THE VALUE THAT APPEARS MOST OFTEN C. THE HALF-WAY POINT BETWEEN THE RANGE OF VALUES A. MEAN B. MODE C. THE MEDIAN
WHAT DESCRIBES THE AVERAGE DISTANCE OF ALL THE VALUES FROM THE MEAN? STANDARD DEVIATION
THE DISTANCE BETWEEN THE MINIMUM AND THE MAXIMUM SCORE? RANGE
STATISTICAL TEST THAT REUQIRES MEASUREMENTS OF VARIABLES AT THE NOMINAL OR ORDINAL LEVEL: A. CORRELATION B. INDEPENDENT T TEST C. CHI-SQUARE D. DEPENDENT T-TEST C. CHI-SQUARE
NAME 5 TYPES OF QUANTITATIVE DATA COLLECTION: INTERVIEWS QUESTIONNAIRES OBSERVATION SECONDARY DATA SCALES
WHAT IS THE MOST COMMON METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION IN SOCIAL WORK RESEARCH? A. SCALES B. SECONDARY DATA C. OBSERVATION D. INTERVIEWS D. INTERVIEWS
WHAT OCCURS WHEN THE INTERVIEWER SOMEHOW INFLUENCES THE NATURE OF THE RESPONSES OF THE INTERVIEWEE? THE "REACTIVE EFFECT" ALSO KNOWN AS THE "HAWTHORNE EFFECT"
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THERE IS A DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PEOPLE WHO AGREE TO PARTICIPATE IN AN INTERVIEW OR QUESTIONNAIRE AND THOSE WHO REFUSE? SAMPLE BIAS
WHEN EMPLOYING QUESTIONNAIRES YOU SHOULD: A. AVOID 'DOUBLE-BARRELED' QUESTIONS B. USE LANGUAGE THAT REFLECTS THE EDUCATIONAL & READING LEVELS OF PARTICIPANTS C. PRE-TEST W PEOPLE WHO ARE SIMILAR TO YOUR TARGET POP D. ALL OF THE ABOVE D. ALL OF THE ABOVE
WHAT IS AN ADEQUATE RESPONSE RATE FOR ANALYSIS AND REPORTING OF QUESTIONNAIRES? 50% IS ADEQUATE, 60% IS GOOD
DATA WHICH HAS BEEN COLLECTED PREVIOUSLY FOR ANOTHER PURPOSE BUT MAY BE USEFUL FOR A DIFFERENT STUDY IS CALLED? SECONDARY DATA
WHEN PARTICIPANTS ARE ASKED TO RATE A PARTICULAR QUESTION ON A FIVE POINT RANGE WHAT IS THIS CALLED? A LIKERT SCALE
2 WAYS OF TESTING RELIABILITY ARE? TEST RE-TEST & COEFFICIENT ALPHA
A METHOD WHERE THE SAME TEST IS ADMINISTERED TWICE WITH A TIME INTERVAL BETWEEN? TEST RE-TEST
A COMPUTER GENERATED PROCEDURE USED AFTER A TEST HAS BEEN ADMINISTERED THAT SPLITS THE TEST INTO 2 HALVES AND COMPARES THE RESULTS OF ONE HALF WITH THE OTHER AND REPEATS THIS OVER AND OVER AGAIN COEFFICIENT ALPHA
3 TYPES OF VALIDITY TESTS: (CCC) CRITERION VALIDITY CONTENT/FACE CONSTRUCT
THE MOST COMMON TEST OF VALIDITY? CRITERION VALIDITY
A VALIDITY TEST WHERE THE RESULTS OF A NEW INSTRUMENT ARE COMPARED TO THE RESULTS OF AN EXISTING INSTRUMENT ALREADY CONFIRMED TO BE VALID CRITERION VALIDITY
THIS VALIDITY TEST IS VIEWED AS BEING MORE SUBJECTIVE: CONTENT VALIDITY/FACE VALIDITY
THIS VALIDITY TEST IS COMPLICATED AND INVOLVES ADVANCED STATISTICAL TESTS SUCH AS FACTOR ANALYSIS: CONSTRUCT VALIDITY
THIS TEST ANSWERS THE QUESTION: DOES THIS INSTRUMENT MEASURE WHAT IT INTENDS TO MEASURE? VALIDITY
THIS TEST ANSWERS THE QUESTION: HOW RELIABLE IS THE INSTRUMENT IN GIVING ACCURATE INFORMATION CONSISTENTLY OVER TIME? RELIABILITY
STATISTICS THAT DETERMINE ASSOCIATIONS? A. DEPENDENT T TESTS B. INDEPENDENT T TESTS C. CHI-SQUARE D. CORRELATION C. CHI-SQUARE, D. CORRELATION
STATISTICS THAT DETERMINE DIFFERENCES? A. DEPENDENT T TESTS B. INDEPENDENT T TESTS C. ONE-WAY ANALYSIS D. ALL OF THE ABOVE D. ALL OF THE ABOVE
STATISTICS THAT ARE USED TO DESCRIBE THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A POPULATION: A. MEASURES OF CENTRAL TENDENCY B. DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS C. INFERENTIAL STATISTICS D. ALL OF THE ABOVE B. DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
STATISTICS USED WHEN WE WANT TO GENERALIZE OUR FINDINGS TO A LARGER POPULATION BASED ON A SAMPLE OF CASES? A. PROBABILITY APPROACH B. DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS C. INFERENTIAL STATISTICS D. INDEPENDENT T TEST C. INFERENTIAL STATISTICS
JACK ROTHMAN INDENTIFIES 3 MODELS FOR COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION: A. LOCALITY DEVELOPMENT B. SOCIAL PLANNING C. SOCIAL ACTION D. ALL OF THE ABOVE D. ALL OF THE ABOVE
PAOLO FREIRE USES WHAT CONCEPT WHICH INVOLVES AN ONGOING CYCLICAL PROCESS OF PLANNING, ACTION, AND REFLECTION? PRAXIS
PAR RESEARCHERS BELIEVE THAT YOU CANNOT MAKE SENSE OF THE DATA WITHOUT CONSIDERING THE CONTEXT: TRUE OR FALSE TRUE
PAR INVOLVES POWER SHARING BETWEEN RESEARCHERS AND THE RESEARCHED: TRUE OR FALSE TRUE
JACK ROTHMAN DEFINES LOCALITY DEVELOPMENT AS A MODEL THAT PRESUPPOSES THAT COMMUNITY CHANGE MAY BE PURSUED OPTIMALLY THROUGH BROAD PARTICIPATION OF A WIDE SPECTRUM OF PEOPLE AT THE LOCAL LEVEL IN GOAL DETERMINATION AND ACTION TRUE OR FALSE TRUE
THE TOTALITY OF PERSONS OR OBJECTS WITH WHICH THE RESEARCH STUDY IS CONCERNED? A. SAMPLE B. SAMPLING FRAME C. POPULATION D. NONE OF THE ABOVE C. POPULATION
A KEY PRINCIPLE OF AOP IS THAT PARTICIPATORY APPROACHES BETWEEN PRACTIONERS AND CLIENTS IS NECESSARY; TRUE OR FALSE TRUE
TYPES OF PROGRAM EVALUATION: FORMATIVE, SUMMATIVE, COST BENEFIT
TYPES OF SOCIAL WORK RESEARCH STUDIES EXPLORATORY, DESCRIPTIVE, EXPLANATORY, EVALUATIVE
5 PRACTICE METHODS OF STRUCTURAL SOCIAL WORK (DCMIE) DEFENSE OF CLIENT COLLECTIVIZATION MATERIALIZATION INCREASE CLIENT POWER IN WORKER/CLIENT RELATIONSHIP ENHANCE CLIENT POWER THROUGH PERSONAL CHANGE
FORMATIVE PROGRAM EVALUATION FOCUSES ON: A. COST EFFECTIVENESS B. PROGRAM EFFECTIVENESS C. NEEDS ASSESSMENT D. FUNCTIONING OF PROGRAM "PROCESS EVALUATION" D. FUNCTIONING OF PROGRAM
SUMMATIVE PROGRAM EVALUATION FOCUSES ON: A. PROCESS EVALUATION B. PROGRAM FUNCTIONING C. NEEDS ASSESSMENT D. OUTCOMES-IS THE PROGRAM EFFECTIVE IN HELPING CLIENTS D. OUTCOMES
A TESTABLE STATEMENT DESCRIBING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE INDEPENDENT AND DEPENDENT VARIABLES? HYPOTHESIS
FIRST LEVEL CODING INVOLVES: A. IDENTIFYING MEANING CODES B. CREATING CATEGORIES C. ASSIGNING CODES TO CATEGORIES D. REFINING AND REORGANIZING CATEGORIES E. ALL OF THE ABOVE E. ALL OF THE ABOVE
HOW YOU DEFINE VARIABLES IS? THE CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
HOW YOU MEASURE VARIABLES IS? THE OPERATIONAL FRAMEWORK
IF WE WANT TO SHOW HOW VALUES ARE DISTRIBUTED IN A SAMPLE WE WOULD USE? ABSOLUTE FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION
IF WE WANT TO SHOW THE PERCENTAGE OF CLIENTS SATISFIED IN A SAMPLE? PERCENTAGE FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION
A TYPICAL EXAMPLE OF RATIO LEVEL DATE IS? INCOME
A COMMON EXAMPLE OF INTERVAL LEVEL MEASUREMENT IS? IQ TEST
AN EXAMPLE OF ORDINAL LEVEL MEASUREMENT CLASSIFYING MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE OBSERVATIONS WITH AN INHERENT ORDER? LEVEL OF EDUCATION: ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, HIGH SCHOOL, UNIVERSITY
AN EXAMPLE OF NOMINAL LEVEL MEASUREMENT? SEX: MALE OR FEMALE
EXAMPLES OF SECONDARY DATA? STATS CAN INFO, CASE FILES, AGENCY INFO
3 TYPES OF INTERVIEW? STRUCTURED, UNSTRUCTURED, SEMI-STRUCTURED
THE PURPOSE OF RESEARCH CARRIED OUT FROM A STRUCTURAL PERSPECTIVE? RESULTS USED FOR STRUCTURAL CHANGE
2 TYPES OF SAMPLING PROCEDURES: PROBABILITY SAMPLING & NONPROBABILITY SAMPLING
4 TYPES OF PROBABILITY SAMPLING: SIMPLE RANDOM, SYSTEMATIC RANDOM STRATIFIED RANDOM CLUSTER RANDOM
4 TYPES OF NONPROBABILITY SAMPLING: AVAILABILITY QUOTA PURPOSIVE SNOWBALL
30 PEOPLE MINIMUM BUT THE MORE THE BETTER FOR SAMPLE SIZE FOR WHICH TYPE OF RESEARCH? A. QUALITATIVE B. QUANTITATIVE B. QUANTITATIVE
ANY SAMPLE SIZE-KEEP GOING TILL YOU MEET SATURATION POINT FOR THIS TYPE OF RESEARCH? A. QUALITATIVE B. QUANTITATIVE A. QUALITATIVE
CHI SQUARE TEST IS USED FOR DATA AT WHAT LEVEL? A. NOMINAL B. RATIO C. INTERVAL D. ALL OF THE ABOVE A. NOMINAL
T-TESTS AND CORRELATIONS REQUIRE DATA AT WHAT LEVEL OF MEASUREMENT? A. NOMINAL B. ORDINAL C. INTERVAL OR RATIO D. NONE OF THE ABOVE C. INTERVAL OR RATIO
THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE HIGHEST AND LOWEST DATA SET IS THE? A. MEAN B. MEDIAN C. MODE D. RANGE D. RANGE
IF A MEASUREMENT INSTRUMENT REVEALS DIFFERENCES IN THE PHENOMENON MEASURED RATHER THAN THE DIFFERENCES INHERENT IN THE MEASURING INSTRUMENT THIS PROVES? A. THE DATA IS GOOD B. THE INSTRUMENT IS RELIABLE C. THE DATA SET IS INCOMPLETE D. ALL OF THE ABOV B. THE INSTRUMENT IS RELIABLE
EXPLORATORY SINGLE SUBJECT A DESIGN CAN ANSWER: A. DOES THE PROBLEM EXIST B. DOES THE PROBLEM EXIST AT DIFFERENT LEVELS OVER TIME C. ALL OF THE ABOVE C. ALL OF THE ABOVE
EXPLORATORY SINGLE SUBJECT B DESIGNS ANSWER A. IS THE PROBLEM CHANGING WHILE AN INTERVENTION IS BEING APPLIED B. DOES THE PROBLEM EXIST C. NONE OF THE ABOVE A. IS THE PROBLEM CHANGING WHILE AN INTERVENTION IS BEING APPLIED
A SINGLE SUBJECT BB1 DESIGN SHOWS: A. IS THE PROBLEM CHANGING WITH AN INTERVENTION VARIATION A.IS THE PROBLEM CHANGING WITH AN INTERVENTION VARIATION
A SINGLE SUBJECT BC DESIGNE EMPLOYS A DIFFERENT INTERVENTION. TRUE OR FALSE TRUE
THERE ARE 2 KINDS OF SINGLE-SUBJECT RESEARCH DESIGNS THAT CENTRE AROUND ANSWERING DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH QUESTIONS: A. AB DESIGNS B. ABC AND ABCD DESIGNS C. ALL OF THE ABOVE D. NONE OF THE ABOVE C. ALL OF THE ABOVE
THERE ARE 2 EXPLANATORY SINGLE SUBJECT RESEARCH DESIGNS; A. REVERSAL DESIGNS B. MULTIPLE BASELINE DESIGNS C. ALL OF THE ABOVE D. NONE OF THE ABOVE C. ALL OF THE ABOVE
THERE ARE 3 KINDS OF REVERSAL DESIGNS: A. ABA,ABAB B. BAB C. BCBC D. ALL OF THE ABOVE D. ALL OF THE ABOVE
ABAB DESIGNS ARE THE ONLY RESEARCH DESIGN THAT CAN PROVE CAUSALITY TRUE OR FALSE TRUE
MULTIPLE BASELINE DESIGNS CAN BE USED: A. WITH MORE THAN ONE CASE B. FOR MORE THAN ONE SETTING C. FOR MORE THAN ONE PROBLEM D. ALL OF THE ABOVE D. ALL OF THE ABOVE
CLASSICAL EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN INVOLVES AN EXP GROUP AND A CONTROL GROUP, BOTH BY RANDOM ASSIGNMENT AND IF POSSIBLE BY RANDOM SELECTION FROM A POP. BOTH TAKE A PRETEST AT SAME TIME, THEN INTERVENTION GIVEN TO EXP GROUP, THEN BOTH TAKE POST TEST-SAME TIME TRUE
CHI SQUARE NEEDS DATA AT WHAT LEVEL? A. NOMINAL B. ORDINAL C. RATIO D. INTERVAL A. NOMINAL, ORDINAL
CORRELATION NEEDS DATA AT WHAT LEVEL? A. NOMINAL B. ORDINAL C. INTERVAL D. RATIO C. INTERVAL, D. RATIO
INDEPENDENT T TESTS NEED DATA AT WHAT LEVEL? A. NOMINAL B. ORDINAL C. INTERVAL D. RATIO C. INTERVAL D. RATIO
DEPENDENT T TESTS NEED DATA AT WHAT LEVEL> A. NOMINAL B. ORDINAL C. INTERVAL D. RATIO C. INTERVAL D. RATIO
Created by: lam250
 

 



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Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

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