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1920's&30's Review

TermDefinition
John Scopes Teacher from Dsyton, TN, who was tried for teaching about evolution in a public school, trial became known as the Scope trial.
Clarence Darrow An American lawyer and leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union, defended John Scopes during the scope trial.
Henry Ford an American industrialist, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production.
Langston Hughes American poet, was one of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form called jazz poetry. Best known as a leader of the Harlem Renaissance
Sacco & Vanzetti Italian-born anarchists who were convicted of murdering two men during the armed robbery of a shoe factory in South Braintree, Massachusetts, United States in 1920.
Warren G. Harding a Republican from Ohio who served in the Ohio Senate and then in the United States Senate where he protected alcohol interests and moderately supported women's suffrage. Was the 1st U.S. senator and (self-made) newspaper publisher to be elected President.
Herbert Hoover Was the United States Secretary of Commerce, & organized banks, railroads, and other big businesses.
Franklin D. Roosevelt dominant leader of the Democratic Party & the only American president elected to more than two terms, built a New Deal Coalition,
Dorothea Lange an influential American documentary photographer and photojournalist, best known for her Depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA).
Henry Morgenthau the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury during the administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt, played a major role in designing and financing the New Deal.
Normalcy State or fact of being normal.
Flapper Young woman from the 1920's that displayed freedom
Eugenics the belief and practice of improving the genetic quality of the human population
Fundamentalists usually religious movement or point of view characterized by a return to fundamental principles, by rigid adherence to those principles, and often by intolerance of other views and opposition to secularism.
NAACP National Association For the Advancement of Colored People, an African American civil rights association.
Emergency Quota Act of 1921 restricted immigration into the United States; added two new features to American immigration law: numerical limits on immigration from Europe and the use of a quota system for establishing those limits.
National Origins Act of 1924 established a quota system for determining how many immigrants could enter the United States, restricted by country of origin.
Prohibition the legal act of prohibiting the manufacture, transportation and sale of alcohol and alcoholic beverages.
Speakeasy (during Prohibition) an illicit liquor store or nightclub.
18th Amendment prohibited the manufacture, sale, transport, import, or export of alcoholic beverages.
21st Amendment repealed the 18th amendment (allowed alcohol to be consumed, exported, and sold again).
19th Amendment prohibits any United States citizen from being denied the right to vote on the basis of sex.
Installment Plan A credit system by which payment for merchandise is made in installments over a fixed period of time.
Hoovervilles the popular name for shanty towns built by homeless people during the Great Depression. They were named after Herbert Hoover, who was President of the United States during the onset of the Depression and widely blamed for it.
New Deal a series of domestic economic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1936 by President Roosevelt.
Budget Deficit amount by which expenses exceed income
Bank Holidays Prez Roosevelt declared banking transactions were suspended across the nation -from March 6 to March 10- except for making change.
Fireside Chats radio broadcasts made by FDR to the American people to explain his initiatives
22nd Amendment set a term limit for election to the office of President of the United States.
Red Scare fear that communists would take over
Teapot Dome Scandal a government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921; became symbolic of the scandals of the Harding administration
Great Migration Migration of African Americans from the rural south to industrial cities in the North
Harlem Renaissance the flowering of the African American arts in Harlem, a neighborhood in NYC
Black Tuesday October 29, 1929. On this date, share prices on the New York Stock Exchange completely collapsed, becoming a pivotal factor in the emergence of the Great Depression
Dust Bowl was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the US and Canadian prairies during the 1930s
First 100 Days First days of Roosevelts presidency where he proceeded to get the country out of the depression.
Court-packing plan The Judicial Procedures Reform Bill of 1937 was a legislative initiative proposed by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to add more justices to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Created by: FaithRaquel2015