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Foy Ch. 11 vocab

TermDefinition
mountain men Men hired by eastern companies to trap animals for fur in the Rocky Mountains and other western regions of the United States.
Oregon Trail A 2,000-mile trail stretching through the Great Plains from western Missouri to the Oregon Territory.
Santa Fe Trail An important trade trail west from Independence, Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Mormons Members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
empresarios Agents who were contracted by the Mexican republic to bring settlers to Texas in the early 1800's.
Alamo Spanish mission in San Antonio, Texas that was the site of a famous battle of the Texas Revolution in 1836.
Battle of San Jacinto The 1836 final battle of the Texas Revolution; resulted in the defeat of the Mexican army and independence for Texas.
manifest destiny A belief shared by many Americans in the mid-1800's that the United States should expand across the continent to the Pacific Ocean.
vaqueros Mexican cowboys in the West who tended cattle and horses.
Californios Spanish colonists in California in the 1800's.
Bear Flag Revolt An 1846 revolt against Mexico by American settlers in California who declared the territory an independent republic.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo An 1848 treaty that ended the Mexican War and gave the United States much of Mexico's northern territory.
Gadsden Purchase An 1853 U.S. purchase of land from Mexico that included the southern parts of present-day Arizona and New Mexico.
Donner party A group of western travelers who were stranded in the Sierra Nevada during the winter of 1846-47; only 45 of the party's 87 members survived.
forty-niners Gold seekers who moved to California during the gold rush.
prospect To search for gold.
placer miner A person who mines for gold by using pans or other devices to wash gold nuggets out of loose rock and gravel.
Created by: lfoy8290