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Fur Trade

resource a source or supply of a useful material (such as fur, wood, or oil)
fur trader European or American involved in the fur trade often a person in charge of a trading post
pelt an animal skin with the fur on it
hunter a person, usually a man, who spent most of his time hunting or trapping animals for food and for pelts
guide a person hired to help voyageurs and fur traders find their way through unfamiliar lands
interpreter a person who translates for people who speak different languages
clerk a man who managed the day-to-day business at a fur trading post
voyageur a workman who performed the physical labor of the fur trade, including transporting beaver pelts and trade goods by canoe
missionaries people who traveled to Minnesota hoping to get the native people to give up their religions in favor of Christianity
Explorers People who traveled to Minnesota in search of fame and adventure
To get things they needed Reason American Indians traded with Europeans
To make a profit Reason Europeans traded with American Indians
beaver, mink and otter Resources Europeans were seeking in North America
blankets, jewelry, knives, kettles, guns, needles, fabric, beads, dyes, axes Goods the Dakota and Ojibwe wanted from the Europeans
canoes, clothing and food Goods besides furs that the Europeans wanted
guides, interpreters and suppliers Services besides furs that the Europeans wanted
Reasons why Europeans wanted beaver furs Beaver hats were popular, but beavers were almost extinct in Europe, hats were a sign of social status and a lot of money
How Europeans supported business by using the native people's beliefs in generosity European traders gave presents to strengthen relationships with their native trading partners
How Europeans supported business by using the native people's beliefs in kinship Traders married Ojibwe and Dakota women
Main activity in the fur trade during autumn voyageurs paddle canoes bringing goods to be traded and traders built bonds with the Native Americans
Main activity in the fur trade during winter Native Americans hunted the beavers
Main activity in the fur trade during spring Counted pelts and prepared to transport them to large trade center
Main activity in the fur trade during the summer rendezvous - counted and repacked the pelts and sent the pelts back to Europe
What the trader did for the fur trade In charge one or more trading posts
What the clerk did for the fur trade Worked under the trader and managed the day-to-day business at the post
What the voyageur did for the fur trade The ordinary workman of the fur trade, paddled and portaged the canoes
What the hunter did for the fur trade Dakota or Ojibwe men who gathered the valuable beaver, muskrat and otter to trade
What the pelt preparers did for the fur trade Dakota and Ojibwe women readied the furs for trade
What the interpreters did for the fur trade Helped the traders talk and negotiate with the many Ojibwe and Dakota
What happened if someone involved in the fur trade didn't increase his or her human capital Might weaken his status in his or her community or might decrease his or her ability to make a profit
New ways of life for the Dakota and Ojibwe that replaced traditional ways by 1800s steel axes, traps, spent time hunting and trading instead of making items
Who did the native Americans trade with before the Europeans? Other Native Americans
What is a rendezvous (ron-day-voo) and when did they have them? A gathering/celebration of people to trade goods and furs and they happened in the summer
What is a portage? The voyagers would portage [carry] their supplies over land
Why did the fur trade come to an end? Fashion trend changed to silk rather than fur
What is a rendezvous (ron-day-voo)?
Created by: wiltsb