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WCMS6 Am. Revolution

The American Revolution

TermDefinition
Why were the colonists dissatisfied with Great Britain? -no representation in Parliament -power of colonial governors -King’s control over colonial legislature -opposed taxes -Proclamation of 1763
What was the Proclamation of 1763? a document stating that the colonists could not settle into the territory west of the Appalachian Mountains
What was the first armed conflict of the American Revolution? Lexington and Concord
What happened at the Boston Massacre? five colonists were shot and killed after taunting British soldiers
What happened at the Boston Tea Party? the Sons of Liberty, led by Sam Adams and Paul Revere, dumped chests of tea into Boston Harbor to protest laws & taxes
What happened at the First Continental Congress? delegates from every colony except Georgia met in Philadelphia to discuss problems with Britain and promote independence
What are the four key philosophies of the Declaration of Independence? -unalienable rights: life, liberty, pursuit of happiness -governments are established to protect those rights -government derives power from the people -people have a right to change a government that violates their rights
What was the Stamp Act? a tax placed on paper goods like newspapers, licenses, playing cards, books, etc.
What did Great Britain do to pay for the debt from the French and Indian War? placed new taxes on the colonies
What patriot led a daring ride to warn other colonists that British soldiers were coming? Paul Revere
Who was the main author of the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson
Who helped frame the Declaration of Independence and championed the cause for independence? John Adams
Who served as a prominent member of the Continental Congress, helped frame the Declaration of Independence, and gained French support for American independence? Benjamin Franklin
Who was the British king during the American Revolution? King George III
Who was the commander of the Continental Army? George Washington
What was known as the "turning point" of the American Revolution? The Battle of Saratoga
Who was an African American slave who wrote poems and plays supporting American independence? Phillis Wheatley
Who surrendered to General Washington at Yorktown, Virgina? Lord Cornwallis
What outspoken member of the Virginia's House of Burgesses sparked colonial patriotism with his "Give me liberty or give me death" speech? Patrick Henry
What document did Jefferson write that told King George that America wanted to be its own country? Declaration of Independence
What document said that Great Britain recognized American independence? Treaty of Paris (1783)
Put these events in order: Saratoga Boston Tea Party Yorktown Treaty of Paris Boston Tea Party Saratoga Yorktown Treaty of Paris
What 3 advantages did the Americans have over the British? -strong leadership -defending beliefs, principles and own land -help from foreign countries like France and Spain
Why is Saratoga considered the turning point of the war? It was when the French decided to join the war on the side of the Americans
Created by: MrsBonini