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Chapter 11

Byzantine, Russia and Turkish Empires

What did the Eastern Roman Empire Become known as? Byzantium
Who was a Byzantine nobleman who took the throne of the Eastern Empire? Justinian
What was the Justinian Code? A body of civil law that controlled Byzantine life.
What was the name of the church that Justinian built in Constantinople? The Hagia Sophia
What type of government did Byzantium have? Autocracy
What was the main religion? Eastern Orthodox Christianity
What solved the conflicts between Eastern and Western churches? They split
What was an icon? A religious image
Where is the city of Kiev? Present-day Ukraine
What did trade do to the Byzantine empire? Connected Kiev to the Byzantine Empire
What group had a simple political orginization, were organized into clans, farmed and traded and lived in small villages? The Slavs
What did the Vikings do with Constantinople? Developed a central trade network in the city of Kiev
What did Cyril and Methodius do? They adapted the Greek alphabet to translate the bile into the slavic language.
What prince had the greatest impact on connecting the Rus with Byzantine culture? Prince Vladimir
What did Genghis Kahn do? He united the nomadic Mongols of Central Asia and took over lands from China to Eastern Europe
What was the name of the name of the armies that looted and burned Kiev and other Russian towns? The Golden Horde
What are three things the Mongols are known for? Destructive raids, were fierce conquerers but were not fierce rulers and made people they conquer pay heavy taxes.
What leader referred to himself as a tsar? Ivan III
What legacy did Ivan IV leave behind? Extreme absolute power
What empire did the Abbasids rule? Muslim Empire
What did the Seljuks do in 1055? They attacked and captured Baghdad from the Persians.
What was a prime minister in a Muslim Empire called? A vizier
Who was the last strong, effective Seljuk leader? Malik Shah
What group was noted for their military skills? Turks
What were Turkish military slaves called? mamelukes
Created by: lsantise