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American History 1

Final

QuestionAnswer
WHY DID AMERICANS MOVE WEST BEFORE 1850? MATERIAL GAIN, ADVENTURE, RELIGION
IN THE 1830'S & 1840'S, WHERE DID AMERICANS MOVE? TEXAS, OREGON, OHIO, CALIFORNIA, NEW MEXICO
WHICH IDEAS WERE INVOLVED IN "MANIFEST DESTINY"? A) GOD SUPPORTS AMERICAN EXPANSION B) SPREAD OF AMERICAN RULE = GREATER AREA TO ENJOY FREEDOM C) POPULATION GROWTH REQUIRED EXPANSION
WHAT PROBELMS AROSE BETWEEN AMERICAN SETTLERS IN TEXAS & THE MEXICAN GOV'T? A) AMERICANS BROUGHT THEIR SLAVES B) SETTLERS REFUSED TO CONVERT TO ROMAN CATHOLIC C) GOOD BROUGHT INTO MEXICO FROM FOREIGN LANDS (INCL. U.S.) WERE TAXED- SETTLERS DIDN'T THINK OF THE US AS A FOREIGN LAND
WHAT WAS THE LONE STAR REPUBLIC? TEXAS (INDEPENDENT NATION-NOT ANNEXED)
WHY DID THE US REFUSE TO ANNEX MEXICO IN 1836? LEADERS FEARED A WAR W/MEXICO
WHICH AREAS WERE ADDED TO THE US WHILE POLK WAS PRESIDENT? A)TEXAS B) CALIFORNIA C)NEW MEXICO
WHAT CAUSED WAR BETWEEN THE US & MEXICO- STATED REASONS A) MEXICO WOULD NOT NEGOTIATE THE BORDER ISSUE B) MEXICO ATTACKED US TROOPS
POLK'S OTHER REASONS FOR WAR B/WEEN US & MEXICO DESIRE TO OWN CA & NEW MEXICO DESIRE TO RESTORE US/MEXICO TRADE DESIRE TO STOP POLITICAL INSTABILITY IN MEXICO
WHY DIDN'T THE US ANNEX MEXICO AFTER WINNING THE WAR W/MEXICO? RACISM! A) MOST MEXICANS WERE ROMAN CATHOLIC B) MOST HAD MIXED HERITAGE C) BELIEVED THEY WERE NOT READY FOR DEMOCRATIC GOV'T
PROVISIONS OF THE TREATY OF GUADELOUPE HIDALGO? A) US PAID 15 MILLION FOR CA & NEW MEXICO B) RIO GRANDE SET AS BOUNDARY B/WEEN TEXAS & MEXICO C) US GOV'T ASSUMED CLAIMS OF AMERICAN CITIZENS AGAINST MEXICO
WHAT DID THE US ACQUIRE IN THE 1853 GADSDEN PURCHASE? SOUTHERN PART OF NM & SOUTHERN ARIZONA
HOW DID THE US ACQUIRE CA? FREEMONT DECLARED ITS INDEPENDENCE
HOW DID THE US ACQUIRE THE SANTA FE AREA? KEARNEY CAPTURED & CLAIMED THE ANNEXATION OF NM BY THE US
IN HISTORY WHAT IS THE GENERAL RULE ABOUT A POLITICAL PARTY HAVING MORE THAN ONE CANDIDATE FOR OFFICE? WHEN THERE ARE 2 MAJOR POLITICAL PARTIES TRYING TO WIN, IF A PARTY CAN'T SELECT ONLY ONE CANDIDATE, THE OTHER PARTY'S CANDIDATE WILL WIN
NAMES OF CANDIDATES AND PARTIES IN ELECTION OF 1844 DEMOCRATS: JAMES POLK WHIGS: HENRY CLAY NORTHERN WHIGS: JAMES BIRNEY
HOW DOES THE GENERAL RULE APPLY TO THE ELECTION OF 1844? POLK WON BECAUSE THE WHIGS WERE DIVIDED
DEFINE FREESOILERS LAND W/OUT SLAVERY
DEFINE POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY SETTLERS TO VOTE FOR THEMSELVES TO ACCEPT OR REJECT SLAVERY
WHAT DID THE SOUTH SAY ABOUT THE INSTITUTION OF SLAVERY BEFORE 1830? CALLED IT A NECESSARY EVIL THAT WOULD EVENTUALLY DISAPPEAR
HOW DID THE SOUTH DEFEND THE INSTITUTION OF SLAVERY B/WEEN 1830'S & 1850? A) AS NATURAL & PROPER- BLACKS WERE INFERIOR B) IT WAS SANCTIONED IN THE BIBLE C) SINCE BLACKS WERE "INFERIOR", THEY NEEDED A 'FAMILY TYPE GOV'T' TO CARE FOR THEM
WHICH DEFENSE REGARDING THE INSTITUTION OF SLAVERY WAS ADDED IN THE 1850'S? THE MASTER/SLAVE RELATIONSHIP WAS MORE HUMANE THAN THE TREATMENT OF WORKERS IN THE NORTH
WHO WAS NAT TURNER? A BLACK PREACHER WHO THOUGHT GOD TOLD HIM TO LEAD A REVOLT
WHAT REVOLT DID NAT TURNER LEAD? A SLAVE REVOLT IN SOUTHAMPTON COUNTY, VA
WHAT CAUSED NAT TURNER'S DEATH? HE WAS EXECUTED FOR HAVING LED A REVOLT THAT RESULTED IN THE DEATH OF ABOUT 60 WHITES
EXPLAIN THE DRED SCOTT CASE OF 1857 MISSOURI SLAVE DRED SCOTT SUED FOR HIS FREEDOM ON THE GROUNDS HIS MASTER HAD TAKEN HIM TO LIVE IN A FREE TERRITORY
WHAT WAS THE SUPREME COURT'S RULING IN THE DRED SCOTT CASE? A) NO BLACKS, FREE OR SLAVE, CAN BE CITIZENS B) MISSOURI COMPROMISE WAS UNCONSTITUTIONAL IN RESTRICTING SLAVERY IN TERRITORIES C) JUDGES RULED THERE WAS NO OTHER GROUP TO OVERRULE THE SUPREME COURT
WHAT WAS THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF SLAVERY IN EXISTING STATES/ORIGINAL 13 STATES? A) THE FED. GOV'T DIDN'T HAVE THE POWER TO REGULATE/DESTROY SLAVERY B) THE POWER TO REGULATE SLAVERY RESTED W/EACH STATE
WHAT WAS THE CONSTITUTIONALITY OF SLAVERY IN TERRITORIES (FUTURE STATES)? A) THE CONSTITUTION HAD NOT PREDETERMINED STATUS OF SLAVERY IN FUTURE STATES B) THE CONSTITUTION GAVE CONGRESS THE POWER TO SET REQUIREMENTS FOR ADMITTANCE AS A STATE
IDEA/PROVISIONS RELATED TO SLAVERY IN THE NORTHWEST TERRITORY BANNED IN STATES MADE NORTH OF THE OHIO RIVER
IDEA/PROVISIONS RELATED TO SLAVERY IN THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE NO SLAVERY NORTH OF 36,30 DEGREES NORTH LATITUDE LINE
IDEA/PROVISIONS RELATED TO SLAVERY IN THE WILMONT PROVISO IT WAS PROPOSED 3 MONTHS AFTER WAR STARTED; NO SLAVERY IN LAND ACQUIRED FROM MEXICO
IDEA/PROVISIONS RELATED TO SLAVERY IN THE IDEA OF POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY/SQUATTER SOVEREIGNTY PROPOSED BY CASS; IT WAS THE IDEA TO ALLOW SETTLERS DECIDE ON SLAVERY
IDEAS/PROVISIONS OF THE COMPROMISE OF 1850 PROVISION PROPOSED BY CLAY 1) ADMIT CA AS A FREE STATE 2) ADMIT THE REST OF MEXICO CESSION W/OUT PROHIBITING SLAVERY 3) ENACT A NEW, TOUGHER FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW 4) PROHIBIT THE BUYING/SELLING OF SLAVES IN DC 5) SETTLE THE BOUNDARY DISPUTE B/WEEN NM &
IDEA/PROVISIONS OF THE OSTEND MANIFESTO ISSUED DURING KANSAS/NEBRASKA DEBATE; STATED THE US WOULD "WREST" CUBA FROM SPAIN IF NECESSARY
IDEA/PROVISIONS OF THE DRED SCOTT CASE LAWSUIT FOR FREEDOM BROUGHT TO COURT BY MISSOURI SLAVE DRED SCOTT
IDEA/PROVISIONS OF THE KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT PROPOSED TO ALLOW SETTLERS IN EACH TERRITORY DECIDE ON ISSUE OF SLAVERY
WHY WERE VOTERS APATHETIC IN THE 1850'S? NEITHER PARTY TOOK A STAND ON SLAVERY
WHICH PARTY WAS FORMED IN OPPOSITION TO MASSIVE IMMIGRATION INTO THE US? THE KNOWNOTHING PARTY
HOW DID THE BOOK/MAGAZINE UNCLE TOM'S CABIN DEAL W/SLAVERY? PUBLISHED AGAINST SLAVERY
HOW DID THE BOOK/MAGAZINE DeBOW'S REVIEW DEAL W/SLAVERY? PUBLISHED AS PRO SLAVERY
HOW DID THE BOOK/MAGAZINE IMPENDING CRISIS IN THE SOUTH DEAL W/SLAVERY? PUBLISHED AGAINST SLAVERY
WHO WAS JOHN BROWN? A) OPPOSED SLAVERY & SUPPORTED LAWRENCE GOV'T B) KILLED PRO-SLAVERY SETTLERS @ POTTAWATTOMIE, KS
WHO WAS HARRIET BEECHER STOWE? AUTHOR OF UNCLE TOM'S CABIN
WHO WAS HINTON HELPER? AUTHOR OF IMPENDING CRISIS OF THE SOUTH
WHO WAS PRESTON BROOKS? HE ATTACKED ANTI-SLAVERY SENATOR SUMNER ON THE FLOOR OF THE SENATE DUE TO PERCEIVED SLANDER
WHO WAS CHARLES SUMNER? ANTI-SLAVERY SENATOR FROM MASS.
WHO WAS DRED SCOTT? MISSOURI SLAVE THAT SUED FOR HIS FREEDOM
WHAT WAS THE KANSAS-NEBRASKA CONTROVERSY? the idea of organizing territories west of IOWA & MISSOURI thru KANSAS & NEBRASKA; WOULD ALLOW SETTLERS TO DECIDE ISSUE OF SLAVERY
HOW DID THE PASSAGE OF THE KANSAS-NEBRASKA BILL IMPACT THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY IT BECAME DIVIDED
WHO FORMED THE REPUBLICAN PARTY BECAUSE OF THE KANSAS/NEBRASKA BILL? A) THOSE FAVORING FREE-SOIL B) ANTI-NEBRASKA WHIGS C) UNHAPPY NORTHERN DEMOCRATS
WHY DID NORTHERNERS OPPOSE THE KANSAS/NEBRASKA ACT? A) THEY FELT IT NEGATED THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE B) THEY FELT IT WENT AGAINST A TRADITION C) THEY FELT IT WOULD ALLOW A SHIFT IN POWER IN FAVOR OF SLAVERY
WHAT CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTIONS WERE RAISED BY THE DRED SCOTT CASE? A) IS A NEGRO A CITIZEN? B) CAN CONGRESS PROHIBIT SLAVERY IN A FED.TERRITORY? C) WHAT ARE THE LIMITS OF JUDICIAL SOVEREIGNTY?
WHY WAS THE ELECTION CONCERNING SLAVERY IN KANSAS ILLEGAL? NON-RESIDENTS WERE CASTING VOTES
WHAT IDEAS HAVE HISTORIANS GIVEN TO EXPLAIN WHY THE SOUTH WAS READY TO SECEDE IN 1860? A) CLASH OF ECONOMIC INTERESTS B) IRRESPONSIBLE POLITICIANS IN N & S CAUSING A STIR OVER NON-DIVISION ISSUES C) IDEOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES OVER SLAVERY
WHAT HAPPENED TO NATIONAL DENOMINATIONS BECAUSE OF SECTIONALISM? THE SOUTH DECIDED TO SECEDE
NAME THE 4 TIMES/ISSUES WHEN THE US COULD HAVE HAD A CIVIL WAR BEFORE 1861. 1) 1820- MISSOURI STATEHOOD 2) 1832- NULLIFICATION 3) 1850- CA & NM STATEHOOD 4) 1854- KANSAS-NEBRASKA ISSUE
WHICH STATE SECEDED FIRST SOUTH CAROLINA ON DEC. 20, 1860
WHY DID S. CAROLINA SECEDE (CONSTITUTIONAL REASON)? UNION IS A COMPACT AMONG SOVEREIGN STATES- EACH STATE SHOULD HOLD A CONVENTION TO VOTE ON SECESSION
WHY DID S. CAROLINA SECEDE (IMMEDIATE REASON)? LINCOLN/REPUBLICANS HAD NO SUPPORT IN THE SOUTH AND HAD WON PRESIDENCY BASED ON AN INSULT OF S.C. HONOR/OPPOSED ITS INTERESTS
11 CONFEDERATE STATES ALABAMA, FLORIDA, GEORGIA, ARKANSAS, LOUISIANA, MISSISSIPPI, N.C., S.C., TEXAS, VA, TN
WHY DIDN'T THE UPPER SOUTH SECEDE BY MARCH OF 1861? THEY WERE NOT CONVINCED LINCOLN'S ELECTION WAS A GOOD ENOUGH REASON
WHEN AND WHERE DID THE CIVIL WAR ACTUALLY BEGIN? FT. SUMTER, SC IN 1861
WHY DID THE CIVIL WAR START IN SUMTER, SC? WHEN UNION FORCES ARRIVED WITH PROVISIONS FOR THE FORT, SC PERCEIVED IT AS A UNION INVASION AND OPENED FIRE ON UNION FORCES
WHAT WAS THE NORTH'S (AND LINCOLN'S) REASON FOR FIGHTING THE WAR? TO REUNITE THE UNION
IN THE CIVIL WAR, WHICH WERE THE BORDER STATES? DELAWARE, KENTUCKY, MISSOURI, MARYLAND
WHY WAS PRES. LINCOLN SO CONCERNED ABOUT MARYLAND & DELAWARE LEAVING THE UNION? HE DID NOT WANT TO ALIENATE THEM AND PUSH THEM INTO JOINING THE CONFEDERACY
WHICH STATE WAS FORMED BECAUSE OF THE CIVIL WAR? W. VIRGINIA
WHY DID VA, TN, ARKANSAS, AND NC JOIN THE CONFEDERACY? THEY WERE FORCED TO CHOOSE SIDES WHEN LINCOLN ASKED THEM TO JOIN W/UNION FORCES TO TAKE BACK FT. SUMTER
DURING THE CIVIL WAR, WHAT WERE THE ADVANTAGES OF THE NORTH? LARGE POPULATION, MORE RAILROADS, LARGER INDUSTRY CAPACITY
DURING THE CIVIL WAR, WHAT WERE THE ADVANTAGES IN THE SOUTH? ONLY HAD TO DEFEND ITSELF, KNEW THE LAND, FRIENDLY POPULATION, BETTER MILITARY LEADERS, EASY TO RALLY THE PEOPLE
DURING THE CIVIL WAR, WHAT WERE THE DISADVANTAGES IN THE NORTH? HAD TO INVADE HOSTILE/UNKNOWN LAND, HAD TO DEFEAT THE SOUTH TO SUCCEED, HARDER TO RALLY THE PEOPLE, STATE GOVERNORS RESISTED CENTRALIZED MILITARY DIRECTION
DURING THE CIVIL WAR, WHAT WERE THE DISADVANTAGES IN THE SOUTH? NOT INDUSTRIALIZED-NEEDED MANUFACTURED GOODS FROM OUTSIDE THE SOUTH, HAD FEW RAILROADS, SMALLER POPULATION, COTTON WAS NOT FOOD, STATE GOVERNORS RESISTED CENTRALIZED MILITARY DIRECTION, SHORT ON DISPOSABLE WEALTH
DURING THE CIVIL WAR, WHAT SHORTAGES DID THE SOUTH FACE? FOOD, RAILROADS, LACK OF MANUFACTURED GOODS, SHORT ON DISPOSABLE WEALTH
WHAT WAS THE SOUTH'S IMPORTANT DIPLOMATIC PLAN/KING COTTON DIPLOMACY? THEY NEEDED FOREIGN POWERS (BRIT. & FRANCE) TO RECOGNIZE THEM AS A NATION AT WAR TO GET HELP FROM THEM
WHY DID THE KING COTTON DIPLOMACY FAIL? BRITAIN WOULD NOT HELP BECAUSE THEY FEARED IT WOULD CAUSE A WAR W/US (UNION)
WHAT REASON FOR FIGHTING THE WAR WAS ADDED BY THE UNION IN 1863? THE 13TH AMENDMENT OUTLAWING SLAVERY
WHAT WAS LINCOLN'S PLAN TO WIN THE WAR? A) FIGHT IN VA B) TAKE CONTROL OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER
WHAT WAS THE ANACONDA PLAN? TO BLOCK HARBORS/PORTS OF THE CSA AND CONTROL THE MISS. RIVER
WHAT WAS JEFFERSON DAVIS' PLAN TO WIN THE WAR? TO FIGHT A DEFENSIVE WAR TO WEAR THE UNION DOWN
HOW DID JEFFERSON DAVIS HURT THE SOUTH'S WAR EFFORTS? A) HE DID NOT HANDLE GENERALS WELL B) GAVE LITTLE LEADERSHIP IN HANDLING PROBLEMS IN CONFEDERATE STATES C) HAD NO ORGANIZED PARTY TO SUPPORT HIM
WHY DID LINCOLN HESITATE TO ISSUE THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION? A) DIDN'T WANT TO ALIENATE BORDER STATE, FORCING THEM TO JOIN THE CSA B) PREFERRED GRADUAL COMPENSATED FORM OF EMANCIPATION C) ACKNOWLEDGED RACISM IN BOTH NORTH & SOUTH
WHO WAS FREED BY THE 1863 EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION? ALL SLAVES IN AREAS CONTROLLED BY THE CONFEDERACY; 1/4 OF THE SLAVE POPULATION (4 MILLION)
WHO REMAINED SLAVES AFTER THE PROCLAMATION? A) THOSE IN BORDER STATES B) THOSE IN AREAS OF THE SOUTH CAPTURED BY THE UNION BEFORE PROCLAMATION WAS ENACTED
WHAT WAS OUTLAWED BY THE 13TH AMENDMENT IN 1865? SLAVERY
WHAT LAWS WERE PASSED BY REPUBLICANS WHILE THE SOUTH WAS OUT OF THE UNION? A) ENROLLMENT ACT B) 13TH AMENDMENT C) EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION D) PROCLAMATION OF AMNESTY
WHAT PROBLEMS DID THE SOUTH FACE BY 1863? A) DIPLOMATIC EFFORTS IN EUROPE FAILED B) ECONOMY IN SHAMBLES C) SOCIAL ISSUES (SLAVERY) D) MOUNTAINEERS RESISTED CONFEDERACY
WHO OPPOSED THE WAR IN THE NORTH? A) THOSE WHO HAD BECOME WAR WEARY B) THOSE OPPOSED TO THE ENROLLMENT ACT C) NORTHERN DEMOCRATS THAT OPPOSED EMANCIPATION
HOW DID THE WAR IMPACT WOMEN? MANY WERE WIDOWED/LEFT UNMARRIED
HOW DID THE WAR IMPACT BLACKS? ALTHOUGH EMANCIPATED, MANY STATES STILL DENIED THEM THE RIGHT TO VOTE/EQUALITY
HOW DID THE WAR IMPACT WORKING WHITES? THE WAR CAUSED THE ECONOMY TO SUFFER- PRICES BECAME HIGHER
HOW DID THE WAR IMPACT IMMIGRANTS? GAINED MORE RESPECT OF RESIDENTS BY FIGHTING A WAR THAT WAS NOT THEIRS TO FIGHT
WHAT DID THE NORTH'S VICTORY PROVE? PROVED THE UNION WAS INDIVISIBLE; FED. GOV'T WAS SUPREME OVER THE STATES/BROAD CONSTITUTIONALITY ON MATTERS OF NAT. GENERAL WELFARE
WHY WAS CAPTURING CHATTANOOGA SO IMPORTANT TO GENERAL GRANT? HE WANTED TO STOP THE RAILROADS FROM TRANSPORTING MATERIALS TO BE USED FOR CANNONS
AFTER CHATTANOOGA, WHAT WAS GRANT'S PLAN TO DEFEAT THE SOUTH? A) KEEP CONTROL OF THE MISS. RIVER B)KEEP CONTROL OF ALL AREAS ALREADY WON C) SEND SHERMAN TO CAPTURE ATLANTA & THE LOWER SOUTHERN STATES
WHAT WERE THE PROVISIONS OF PRES. LINCOLN'S 1863 PROCLAMATION OF AMNESTY & RECONSTRUCTION? A) GIVE FULL PARDON TO ALL SOUTHERNERS WHO TOOK AN OATH OF ALLEGIANCE/ACCEPTED EMANCIPATION B) ALLOWED A GOV'T TO BE SET UP WHEN 10% OF THE VOTING POPULATION HAD TAKEN ALLEGIANCE OATH
WHY DID PRES. LINCOLN FEEL THAT THE PRESIDENT COULD PARDON SOUTHERNERS? FELT SECESSION DIDN'T PLACE THE CSA OUTSIDE THE UNION, AS IT WAS INDIVIDUALS THAT HAD DEFIED FED. AUTHORITY-THOSE LOYAL COULD BE PARDONED
WHY DID CONGRESS BELIEVE IT CONTROLLED RECONSTRUCTION? THEY SAID IT WAS A CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUE.
WHAT IN ANDREW JOHNSON'S BACKGROUND HEAVILY SHAPED HIS RECONSTRUCTION IDEAS? A) WAS FROM S.E. TN B) HE WAS POOR C) HAD LITTLE FORMAL EDUCATION D) GAINED POLITICAL POWER AS A REPRESENTATIVE OF WHITES IN E. TN/BELIEVED IN WHITE SUPREMACY
PROVISIONS OF PRES. JOHNSON'S RECONSTRUCTION POLICY A) EACH SOUTHERN STATE PLACED UNDER AUTHORITY OF A PROVISIONAL GOVERNOR B) EACH GOVERNOR WOULD CAL A CONST. CONVENTION W/REPS TAKING LINCOLN'S OATH OF ALLEGIANCE; REPS ELECTED BY LOYAL WHITES; CONFEDERATE LEADERS/SUPPORTERS COULDN'T VOTE
JOHNSON'S RECONSTRUCTION POLICY: OUTLINE OF STEPS TO BE TAKEN IN EACH STATE'S CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION A) DECLARE THE ORDINANCE OF SECESSION ILLEGAL B) REPUDIATE CONFEDERATE DEBT C) RATIFY THE 13TH AMENDMENT
UNDER JOHNSON'S RECONSTRUCTION POLICY, HOW WOULD FREED SLAVES BE TREATED IN THE NEWLY ADMITTED STATES? THEY WOULD HAVE LIMITED EQUALITY IN TERMS OF VOTING ETC
WHAT DID MODERATES IN CONGRESS WANT RECONSTRUCTION TO ACCOMPLISH? A) TO NOT ALLOW EX-CONFEDERATES TO REGAIN POLITICAL CONTROL IN THE SOUTH TO PREVENT SHIFT IN REPRESENTATION B) TO PROVIDE SOME VOTING RIGHTS TO BLACKS, BUT NOT EQUALITY
WHAT DID RADICALS IN CONGRESS WANT RECONSTRUCTION TO ACCOMPLISH? A) TO NOT ALLOW EX-CONFEDERATES TO REGAIN POLITICAL CONTROL IN THE SOUTH TO PREVENT SHIFT IN REPRESENTATION B) BLACKS TO BE GIVEN TOTAL EQUALITY C) TO TAKE LAND FROM CONFEDERATES AND RE-DISTRIBUTE IT TO BLACKS
HOW/WHY DID THE CONVENTIONS HELD IN SOUTHERN STATES UNDER JOHNSON'S POLICY FOR RECONSTRUCTION ANGER MODERATES? THEY PASSED VOTING LAWS EXCLUDING BLACKS- PROVED RACISM
HOW/WHY DID THE CONVENTIONS ANGERS RADICALS IN CONGRESS? THEY WERE ANGERED BY A) THE DECISION TO ALLOW STATES TO DECIDE ON ISSUES RELATED TO BLACKS B)ALLOWING MORE LENIENCY FOR READMISSION OF SOUTHERN STATES
WHAT ARE THE PROVISIONS OF THE 14TH AMENDMENT? A)STATES CAN'T ABRIDGE A CITIZEN'S RIGHT TO LIFE, LIBERTY, OR PROSPERITY W/O DUE PROCESS OF LAW B)STATES CAN'T DENY A CITIZEN EQUAL PROTECTION UNDER THE LAW C)ALL PERSONS BORN/NATURALIZED IN THE US ARE CITIZENS
MAJOR PROVISIONS OF THE 15TH AMENDMENT A PERSON'S RACE, COLOR, OR PRIOR HISTORY AS A SLAVE COULD NOT BE USED TO BAR THAT PERSON FROM VOTING; MEN IN BOTH N & S GOT VOTING RIGHTS (NOT INDIANS)
WHEN CONGRESS TOOK OVER RECONSTRUCTION, WHAT POLITICAL PARTY DID PRES. JOHNSON START? NATIONAL UNION PARTY
UNDER CONGRESSIONAL/RADICAL RECONSTRUCTION, WHAT WERE THE PROVISIONS FOR A STATE'S RE-ADMITTANCE TO THE UNION? A) SOUTH PLACED UNDER MILITARY LAW B) EACH STATE WANTING READMITTANCE HAD TO WRITE A NEW CONSTITUTION 1) ALLOWING BLACKS TO VOTE 2) AGREEING TO FOLLOW THE 14TH AMEND. & DENY EX-CONFEDERATES THE RIGHT TO HOLD OFFICE
WHAT FALSE ASSUMPTION WAS MADE BY TH CONGRESSIONAL RECONSTRUCTION PLAN? ASSUMED THAT ONCE BLACKS HAD THE RIGHT TO VOTE, THEY WOULD HAVE THE POWER TO PROTECT THEIR OWN RIGHTS
WHICH LAW WAS PRES. JOHNSON ACCUSED OF BREAKING THAT BECAME THE REASON FOR HIS IMPEACHMENT? THE TENURE OF OFFICE ACT
DEFINE IMPEACHMENT TO PUT AN ELECTED OFFICIAL ON TRIAL BEFORE AN AUTHORIZED TRIBUNAL
STEPS IN IMPEACHMENT US HOUSE COMMITTEE INVESTIGATES ALLEGATIONS/BRINGS CHARGES; ALL HOUSE MEMBERS VOTE ON WHAT CHARGES TO SEND TO TRIAL; SENATE HEARS EVIDENCE & ACTS AS JURY TO DETERMINE GUILT; IF GUILTY, SENATE DECIDES PUNISHMENT
WHY DID SOME REPUBLICANS LEAVE THEIR PARTY TO VOTE FOR PRES. JOHNSON'S ACQUITTAL? A) EVIDENCE DID NOT PROVE GUILT B) CONVICTION WOULD RUIN THE POWER BALANCE B/WEEN THE EXECUTIVE/LEGISLATE GOV'T BRANCHES
WHO WERE THE CARPETBAGGERS? NORTHERNERS WHO CAME SOUTH AFTER THE CIVIL WAR
WHO WERE THE SCALAWAGS? SOUTHERNERS WHO HELPED NORTHERNERS & HAD OPPOSED SECESSION
WHO WERE THE SOUTHERN REDEEMERS? EX-CONFEDERATE MEN ELECTED IN THE SOUTH AFTER RECONSTRUCTION
GENERALLY, WHO BELONGED TO THE DEMOCRATIC PARTY IN THE SOUTH DURING RECONSTRUCTION? EX-CONFEDERATES
IN THE SOUTH, WHO BELONGED TO THE REPUBLICAN PARTY USUALLY (DURING RECONSTRUCTION) PRO-UNION MEMBERS WHO HAD OPPOSED SLAVERY (FARMERS)
WHAT WAS DONE IN THE SOUTH TO KEEP BLACKS FROM VOTING? A) REQUIRED LITERACY TESTING B) PROPERTY OWNERSHIP REQUIREMENT C) POLL TAX HAD TO BE PAID YEARLY D) GRANDFATHER CLAUSE (HAD TO HAVE VOTED BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR)
2 SECRET GROUPS THAT TRIED TO KEEP BLACKS "IN THEIR PLACE"? KU KLUX KLAN AND THE KNIGHTS OF THE WHITE CAMELLIA
WHAT IS THE REPUTATION OF PRES. GRANT'S ADMINISTRATION? THOUGHT HIM CORRUPT
WHAT WAS THE PURPOSE OF THE BLACK CODES AND JIM CROW LAWS? TO IMPOSE RESTRICTIONS AND SEGREGATE BLACKS
WHAT DO THE BLACK CODES/JIM CROW LAWS SHOW ABOUT THE ATTITUDE OF SOUTHERNERS TOWARD FREED SLAVES? STILL THOUGHT THEM INFERIOR
WHAT CAUSED THE DECLINE OF RADICAL REPUBLICAN IDEALISM IN THE LATE 1870'S? AS RADICAL REPUBLICANS DIED, THEY WERE NOT REPLACED
WHAT PART DID PRES. GRANT PLAY IN THE SCANDALS THAT HURT HIS PRESIDENCY? HE FAILED TO TAKE ACTION AGAINST THOSE IN HIS ADMINISTRATION WHO WERE FOUND GUILTY OF CORRUPTION.
WHAT WERE THE DATES OF RECONSTRUCTION? 1865-1877
WHY DID RECONSTRUCTION END? A) HAYES WAS ELECTED PRESIDENT B) THROUGH THE COMPROMISE OF 1877, PRES. HAYES KEPT HIS PROMISE AND REMOVED FEDERAL TROOPS FROM THE SOUTH
HOW WAS HAYES ELECTED PRESIDENT (THE DEAL WAS...)
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