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LD SS Expansionism

LD SS Expansionism CH 22 TEST

QuestionAnswer
IMPERIALISM The domination of a less powerful nation by a more powerful nation (World Bully)
CAUSES OF IMPERIALISM Desire for new overseas markets, Desire for natural resources, Desire to increase American power, Desire to acquire overseas naval bases, Desire to spread American culture, & "White Man's Burden"
EXAMPLES OF IMPERIALISM Alaska, Hawaii, Japan, China, Spanish-American War, & Panama Canal
WHO DID WE PURCHASE ALASKA FROM? Russia
HOW MUCH WAS PAID FOR ALASKA? 7.2 million (2 cents per acre)
WHY WAS THE PURCHASE OF ALASKA NICK-NAMED "SEWARD'S FOLLY" & "SEWARD'S ICEBOX"? People thought it was a very cold place that was not useful
WHY WAS ALASKA VALUABLE? Farming, gold, petroleum and natural gas (silver, copper, & timber)
WHY WAS HAWAII ATTRACTIVE? Sugar cane, fertile land, good stop on the way to China (trade, military base)
GOAL OF MISSIONARIES IN HAWAII Establish sugar cane plantations, schools, Hawaiian alphabet
HOW DID PLANTERS INCREASE POWER? Began buying lands and established sugar plantations. Took control of most land and businesses. Served as advisers to the Hawaiian ruling family.
WAS THIS TAKEOVER FORCEFUL? YES - because the Hawaiians did not like the Americans growing influence. Queen wanted Hawaiians to regain economic control of their islands. Planters revolted and overthrew the Queen.
ANNEX to add a territory to one's own territory
WHY DID WE WANT TO INCREASE TRADE WITH JAPAN? US wanted to expand its power in Asia. Japan began to ignore the Open Door Policy.
RESULT OF PERRY'S FIRST TRIP Went to Japan to deliver President Fillmore's letter asking to trade with US. Told them that he would return in a year for an answer.
RESULT OF PERRY'S SECOND TRIP He returned a year later with seven warships in 1854 and Japan agreed to open trade with the US
TREATY OF KANAGAWA Japan opened certain ports for US to trade in. Shipwrecked sailors could no longer be confined and had to be treated fairly.
SPHERE OF INFLUENCE Section of a country where one foreign nation enjoys special rights and powers
OPEN DOOR POLICY Guaranteed equal trading rights for all spheres open to all countries. US did not want to be left out of trade with China.
BOXER REBELLION Secret society of marital artists. Their goal was to rid the country of the "foreign devils" They attacked and trapped foreigners in the capital of Beijing.
WHO SIDE DID WE JOIN IN THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR? Cuba
REASONS FOR INVOLVEMENT IN SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR Got involved when an unknown force blew up the USS Maine. Hearst and Pulitzer through yellow journalism made the public very mad at Spain.
YELLOW JOURNALISM Newspapers exaggerated Spain's involvement. Enflamed public opinion.
WHAT REALLY HAPPENED TO THE USS MAINE? Exploded killing 266 men due to an internal problem.
WHAT DID YELLOW JOURNALISTS CLAIM HAPPENED TO MAINE? The explosion was initially blamed on Spain and was the initial cause/trigger of the war.
ROUGH RIDERS First US Voluntary Cavalry. Won the battle of San Juan Hill and the next day they began a siege of Santiago.
LENGTH OF WAR ("SPLENDID LITTLE WAR") Lasted four months
WINNER OF SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR America
PLATT AMENDMENT IN CUBA US granted Cubans full independence but only if their new constitution giving the US certain rights. Prohibited Cuba from making treaties with other nations. Gave US control of Guantanamo Bay)
PUERTO RICO RESULTS OF SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR became a territory of the US. Americans citizenships was granted.
GUAM RESULTS OF SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR became a territory of US
PHILIPPINES RESULTS OF SPANISH-AMERCIAN WAR gained possession and control transferred to US
BENEFITS OF A CANAL THROUGH CENTRAL AMERICA Wanted to build a canal across Central America to connect the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Eliminate long and dangerous sea voyages around South America.
WHO OWNED PANAMA? Colombia
HAD COLOMBIA WANT US TO BUILD A CANAL? Leased to a French Company but it failed.
HOW DID ROOSEVELT ACCOMPLISH ACQUIRING THE CANAL? US bought a lease from the French for $40 M and negotiated a treaty with Colombia that gave the US a 99 yr lease. Deal was rejected by the Colombian Senate. People of Panama revolted against Colombia because they believed the US would support them.
IMPACT ON US/LATIN AMERICAN RELATIONS Many Latin Americans were not happy with how the US acquired the Panama Canal and therefore made the relationship strained.
ROOSEVELT 1904 - ROOSEVELT COROLLARY
TAFT 1909 - DOLLAR DIPLOMACY
WILSON 1913 - MORAL DIPLOMACY
ROOSEVELT COROLLARY Supports the use of American military force to prevent instability in Latin America.
DOLLAR DIPLOMACY Calls for American intervention to protect US business and economic interests
MORAL DIPLOMACY Supports the spread of democracy in Latin America.
Created by: desilva13