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USH vocab

TermDefinition
sectionalism the greater loyalty many americans felt toward their section
Radical Republican a faction of american politicians within the republican party from about 1854 until the end of reconstruction in 1877. opposed slavery
Missouri compromise 36 30 line Missouri slave state Maine free state
compromise of 1850 California admitted as a free state. south got the fugitive slave act
kansas-nebraska act kansas and nebraska settlers got to vote on wether the new territory would be free
dred scott decision dred scott got taken out of the slave states to free states and he said he was free but they said slaves are property and can't be freed that way
reconstruction period of rebuilding the nation after the civil war
amendment an article added to the us constitution
13th amendment abolished slavery everywhere in the united states
14th amendment gave african amaricans citizenship
15th amendment banned states from denying african americans the right to vote
carpetbagger northerners who moved to the south after the war
ku klux klan a secret group of white southerners who used violence to keep blacks from voting
george washington carver wan an american scientist, educator and inventor. improved farming
sharecropping system in which landowners gave a few acres of land to farm workers in return for a portion of their crops
tentant farming renting land from landowners for cash
literacy tests tests for potential citizens at the federal level. for immigrants. southern states used them as a part of the voter registration
poll taxed a tax levied on every adult without reference to income or resources
grandfather clauses a claus exempting certain classes of people of things from the requirements of a piece of legislation affecting their previous rights privileges or practices
jim crow laws laws enacted by southern states and local governments to separate white and black people in public and private facilities
Booker T. Washington was an african american educator and advisor to the presidents of the us. leader of the newly released slaves advised blacks should first prepare themselves to earn a decent living before they tried to gain equal rights
N.A.A.C.P. the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People - an organization founded in 1909 to promote full racial equality
Plessy v. Ferguson an 1896 case in which the supreme court ruled that separation of the races in public accommodations was legal, thus establishing the "separate but equal" doctrine.
W.E.B. DuBois civil rights activist. cofounder of the N.A.A.C.P. leader of a group of african-american activists who wanted equal rights for blacks believed african americans should immediately begin the stifle for equal rights and font settle
Bleeding Kansas the period of violence during the settling of the Kansas Territiory. Proslavery and free state settlers flooded into Kansas to try to influence the decision. Violence erupted
Created by: agloskowski