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Creating America

Who was the main author of the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson
What was Valley Forge like? Bad conditions with lots of disease and dying
What was the order of the important events of the Revolution? Ticonderoga, Bunker Hill, Battle of Trenton, Valley Forge, Battle of Saratoga, Battle of Yorktown, Treaty of Paris
What was the last major battle of the Revolution? The Battle of Yorktown
What work did Thomas Paine write? "Common Sense"
What was the turning point of the Revolutionary war? The Battle of Saratoga
Why was the Battle of Saratoga the turning point of the Revolution? America gained an alliance with the French.
Who convinced the French to help the colonies? Benjamin Franklin
Where was the Treaty of Paris signed? Paris, France
In what year was the Treaty of Paris signed? 1783
The US border was set where after the Treaty of Paris? The Mississippi River
What were the natural rights that were written in the Declaration of Independence? "Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness"
Who did Jefferson get the ideas for the Declaration from? John Locke
What was Locke's third natural right? Property
What River did George Washington cross on Christmas Eve? The Delaware River
At what battle did George Washington cross the Delaware? The Battle of Trenton
What major city was Valley Forge outside of? Philadelphia
Who is infamous for his disloyalty to America? Benedict Arnold
What was the name of the governmental meeting held in 1776? The Second Continental Congress
Who was the president of the Second Continental Congress? John Hancock
Most early battles of the Revolution were fought in what area? The New England/North-Eastern colonies
What is it called when troops who are not part of the regular army fight by surprise tactics? Guerrilla Warfare
Who were the Americans fighting at Trenton? The Hessians
What is it called when two groups unite towards a common goal in a war? An alliance
Where was the Battle of Bunker Hill actually fought? Breed's Hill
Who was the British general who had to surrender at the Battle of Saratoga? General Cornwallis
What is it called when someone betrays their country? Treason
What is a mercenary from Germany in the Revolutionary war called? Hessian
Thomas Jefferson primarily wrote the Declaration of Independence; used ideas from the Enlightenment
Benedict Arnold infamous American traitor
George Washington general in the American Revolution; first person
John Hancock had the largest signature on the Declaration of Independence; president of the 2nd Continental congress
Thomas Paine writer of "Common Sense"
John Locke great philosopher of the Enlightenment; came up with idea of the natural right to life, liberty,and property
King George III King of England during the Revolution
Treaty a formally concluded and ratified agreement between countries
Petition a formal written request, typically one signed by many people, appealing to authority with respect to a particular cause
Neutralists people in the time period of the Revolution who were not Loyalists or Patriots
Sons of Liberty radical patriot group in the Revolutionary War; organized the Boston Tea Party
The Declaration of Independence stated that America wanted freedom from England
Strengths of Britain strong navy, well-trained army, wealthy empire, more people than the colonies, many Loyalists in the colonies, African Americans on their side, Native Americans on their side
Weaknesses of Britain Away from home, time and money to ship soldiers and supplies, many mercenaries (lack of loyalty and causes debt), not as much motivation, poorer leadership
Strengths of America on own ground, greater motivation, George Washington was a strong leader, allied with the French
Weaknesses of America lots of Loyalists in the colonies, no regular army, weak navy, lacked experience and training, lacked weapons, volunteer soldiers who only served for a short time, not all colonists supported the cause, less people, very weak government
Enlightenment influence on the Declaration of Independence Ideas from the enlightenment used in the Declaration, especially the ideas of John Locke
Created by: dingotiger