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Foy Ch. 10 Vocab

TermDefinition
nominating conventions A meeting at which a political party selects its presidential and vice presidential candidate; first held in the 1820's.
Jacksonian Democracy An expansion of voting rights during the popular Andrew Jackson administration.
Democratic Party A political party formed by supporters of Andrew Jackson after the presidential election of 1824.
spoils system A politician's practice of giving government jobs to his or her supporters.
Kitchen Cabinet President Andrew Jackson's group of informal advisers; so called because they often met in the White House kitchen.
Tariff of Abominations The nickname given to an 1828 tariff by southerners who opposed it.
states' rights doctrine The belief that the power of the states should be greater than the power of the federal government.
nullification crisis A dispute led by John C. Calhoun that said that states could ignore federal laws if they believed those laws violated the Constitution.
McCulloch v. Maryland An 1819 U.S. Supreme Court case that declared the Second Bank of the United States was constitutional and that Maryland could not interfere with it.
Whig Party A political party formed in 1834 by opponents of Andrew Jackson and who supported a strong legislature.
Panic of 1837 A financial crisis in the United States that led to an economic depression.
Indian Removal Act An 1830 congressional act that authorized the removal of Native Americans who lived east of the Mississippi River.
Indian Territory An area covering most of present-day Oklahoma to which most Native Americans in the Southeast were forced to move in the 1830's.
Bureau of Indian Affairs A government agency created in the 1800's to oversee federal policy toward Native Americans.
Worcester v. Georgia The 1832 Supreme Court ruling that stated that the Cherokee nation was a distinct territory over which only the federal government had authority; ignored by both President Andrew Jackson and the state of Georgia.
Trail of Tears An 800-mile forced march from 1838-39 made by the Cherokee from their homeland in Georgia to Indian Territory; resulted in the deaths of almost one-fourth of the Cherokee people.
Created by: lfoy8290