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American Revolution

SS Review

QuestionAnswer
Which nations fought in the French and Indian War? France and Britain
What was the cause of the French and Indian War? A land dispute over the Ohio River Valley.
Why did most Native American groups side with the French? The French did not steal their land.
What happened at the Albany Congress? (Colonial Meeting) 1)They created a united colonial defense against France. 2) They wanted to get help from the Iroquois to help fight the French.
Why did the Iroquois remain neutral during the war? They did not want to pick the losing side because they were afraid they'd lose their land.
Who won the French and Indian War? Britain
The Treaty of Paris ended the French and Indian War. What did the treaty say? It said that Britain gained Canada and all French land east of the Mississippi.
What was the Proclamation of 1763? It was an imaginary line across the Appalachian Mountains Which colonists couldn't cross (Colonists had to stay on the Eastern side.)
How did the Americans respond to the Proclamation of 1763? The colonists ignored the law and crossed the Appalachian Mountains anyway.
Why did the British begin taxing the Americans after the French and Indian War? 1)to pay off war debt 2)to pay to keep the Redcoats in America
What is Parliament? A law making group in Britain.
Explain the Stamp Act. It is a tax on paper, dice and playing cards. The colonists reacted violently and Parliament repealed.
Explain the Townshend Acts. It is a tax on paper, tea, paint, lead and glass. The colonists boycotted all goods being taxed.
What were the Non-Importation Agreements? Parliament repealed the Townshend Acts.
Who were the Sons of Liberty? They were a radical group led by Sam Adams.
What was the goal of the Sons of Liberty? Their goal was to end British rule.
What happened at the Boston Massacre? Five colonists were shot by the Redcoats.
Why did Paul Revere purposely create an inaccurate painting of the Boston Massacre? The purpose was to make the British look bad, and get Americans to join the patriot cause.
Why did Parliament pass the Quartering Act? 1)There were not enough forts and bases in the colonies. 2)So the Redcoats could live in colonial homes
Explain the Tea Act. It was a law passed to help the British East India Company sell its extra tea. Tea was still taxed.
Why did the Americans hold the Boston Tea Party? 1)It was to protest the tax on tea 2)There was no representation in the tax laws being passed in England
Explain the Intolerable Acts. It was passed by Parliament to punish Boston for the Tea Party. It shut down the Boston Harbor and there was a new Quartering Act.
What was the 1st Continental Congress? It was a colonial meeting in Philadelphia to help the colonists of Boston because of the Intolerable Acts.
What happened at the 1st Continental Congress? 1)It put a boycott on all British goods 2)Each colony had to create its own militia
Which event is considered the start of the American Revolution? Lexington and Concord (April 19,1775)
What were the advantages for the British at the start of the revolution? 1)They had a great Army and Navy 2)Loyalists 3)Hessions
What were the disadvantages for the British at the start of the revolution? 1)They had supply problems 2)They were 3,000 miles away
What were the advantages for the Americans at the start of the revolution? 1)They had home field advantage 2)They had rifles 3)They had great leaders (Washington)
What were the disadvantages for the Americans at the start of the revolution? 1)they had no Navy 2)They were poorly trained
Which group served as mercenaries during the American Revolution? The Hessions (Germans) fought for the British.
Explain the importance of Common Sense. Thomas Paine explained to the colonists why they should break away.
Explain the purpose of the Declaration of Independence. Its purpose was to break away from Britain.
What are the 4 parts of he Declaration of Independence? 1)Preamble/Introduction 2)Natural Rights (life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness 3)Wrongs of the king 4)Conclusion
What was the importance of Fort Ticonderoga to the Patriots driving the British from Boston? The importance was captured cannons.
Explain the importance of the Battle of Saratoga. The importance is that France became an ally of the Americans.
Explain the importance of the Battle of Yorktown. The importance was that it was the last major battle of the war- The Americans won.
What was the Treaty of Paris (2) from 1783? It was when Britain recognized American Independence.
What was the Proclamation of 1763? King George III declared that American colonists were forbidden to go across the Appalachian Mts. and settle on Native American lands.
What was the colonial reaction to the Proclamation of 1763? The colonists crossed the Appalachian Mts. any way.
What was the Sugar Act (1764)? It was a tax on molasses to pay off the war debt.
What was the colonial reaction to the Sugar Act? It was when they began to smuggle.
What was the Stamp Act? (1765) 1)It placed a tax on legal documents such as wills, diplomas, marriage papers and dice. 2)It was a way to pay off war debt from the French and Indian War.
What was the colonial reaction to the Stamp Act? The colonists were angry because they did not have a say in the decision. The British Parliament repealed this Act.
What was the Quartering Act? The colonists had to provide housing, fuel, candles, beer and transportation to the troops.
Why did Parliament create the Quartering Act? This Act was created because there weren't enough forts to house the soldiers.
What was the colonial reaction to the Quartering Act? The colonists complained they were being mistreated by the soldiers.
What was the Tea Act? (Passed in 1773) It was passed to help the British East India Company sell off its surplus of tea. The price of the tea was lowered, but there was a tax on the tea. Only the British East India Company was able to sell tea- merchants could not.
What was the colonial reaction to the Tea Act? The Boston Tea Party was a result of this Act.
What was the Boston Tea Party? The Sons of Liberty destroyed 90,000 pounds of tea. The King was furious.
What was the Townshend Act? (1767) It taxed goods such as...glass, paper, paint, lead and tea to pay off the war debt.
What was the colonial reaction to the Townshend Act? The colonists objected because they still had no say. They boycotted the items (Non-Importation Acts- they refused to buy the items)
Who was upset over the Townshend Act? In England, the British factory owners were upset by this law and complained. The law was repealed.
What does the phrase, "No Taxation Without Representation," mean? You cannot be taxed without a representative in Parliament. The colonists protested that they did not send a representative to have a say. They were being taxed without having a voting-representative.
Who were the Sons of Liberty? 1)A radical group that wants to end British rule of the colonies. 2)Led by Sam Adams 3)They led the colonist out to the streets t protest.
Why were the Intolerable Acts created? (1774) Parliament passed this act in response to the Tea Party to punish Boston.
What were the Intolerable Acts? (1774) 1) New Quartering Act 2)No more public meetings 3)All gov't officials in Massachusetts were to be appointed by the King. 4)The port of Boston was shut down (blockaded) until the colonists paid for the tea they destroyed.
What was the colonial reaction to the Intolerable Acts? The 1st Continental Congress was developed.
What was the colonial reaction to the 1st Continental Congress? 12 colonies met in Philadelphia to discuss ways they could help Massachusetts. It stated: 1) the colonists should boycott all British goods. 2) each colony should set up/train its own militia.
Created by: carlsond