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APUSH Unit 5

VOCAB

TermDefinition
Freeport Doctrine the belief that slavery could not exist if local legislation did not accept it
American Party northern political party comprised of nativists who hated Irish Catholic and German Catholic immigrants
Stephen Douglas Democratic senator from Illinois who believed in popular sovereignty
Republican Party political party that formed as a direct result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act; compromised of groups who opposed slavery
free labor ideology idea promoted by early Republican Party that said slavery economically inefficient
sectionalism refers to the growing division between the North and the South from the founding of the nation until the Civil War
Whig Party political party that died out in the 1850s because it never took a clear stance on slavery
Free Soil Movement compromised of Northern Whigs who did not want to end slavery
Free Soil Party political party comprised of "conscience Whigs" and anti-slavery Democrats who wanted no expansion of slavery in territories
Popular Sovereignty the idea that people who settled a territory should decide the issue of slavery for that territory by voting
John Brown radical abolitionist whose raid on Harper's Ferry resulted in his execution
Compromise of 1850 this was meant to resolve the dispute over the admission of California and New Mexico as free states
Harper's Ferry federal arsenal in Virginia raided by John Brown in his attempt to start a massive slave revolt in 1859
Fugitive Slave Law said the federal government would be responsible for hunting down runaway slaves; captured persons were denied trial by jury
Trent Affair diplomatic row that threatened to bring the British into the Civil War on the side of the confederacy, after a Union warship stopped a British steamer and arrested two Confederate diplomats on board
Redeemers southern Democratic politicians who sought to wrest control from Republican regimes in the South after Reconstruction
Bleeding Kansas Civil war in Kansas over the issue of slavery in the territory, fought intermittently until 1861, when it merged with the wider national Civil War
Hinton Helper Wrote The Impending Crisis, a book about slavery. He said the non-slave holding whites were the ones who suffered the most from slavery. He was captured and killed by Southerners
14th Amendment gave citizenship and civil rights to freed slaves
Personal Liberty Laws Laws passed by Northern states forbidding the imprisonment of escaped slaves
Carpet Baggers Northerners such as teachers and ministers who traveled South after the war to aid freedmen
Ku Klux Klan main group that terrorized and intimidated blacks and white Republicans; implemented the Mississippi Plan
Created by: danat214