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The Early Years Quiz

QuestionAnswer
What is a Patriot? An American who supported independence. They live in 1 of the 13 colonies and included George Washington, Samuel Adams, and Paul Revere.
What did many Patriots believe about the war? Many Patriots believed that the British would give up after losing one or two major battles.
What advantages did the British have over the Americans? The British had the strongest navy in the word, an inexperienced and well-trained army, and the wealth of a worldwide empire. They also had a larger population-nine million British compared to 2.5 million in the US.
What were the disadvantages the American had? The Americans lacked a regular army and a strong navy. They also lacked military experience and weapons.Ammunition was in short supply.Patriots were volunteer soldiers&needed to go home to tend their farms.Not all colonists supported the struggle for ind.
What were the Americans' advantages in war? Americans were fighting on their own ground and were determined to protect it. British relied on mercenaries-Hessians-to fight. Hessians fought for money but Patriots had a determination to succeed&fought for freedom.Colonist leader was George Washington.
What were the disadvantages that the British had? British had to wage war in a faraway land and had to transport soldiers and supplies 3,000 miles across the Atlantic Ocean. They marched in rows and columns and had red uniforms.
What is militia group? A local force. Played an essential role in the Patriots' forces. In the Revolutionary War, the Patriots belonged to militia groups but were volunteer soldier who fought for a short time before going back home to tend their farms.
Define neutral. What group of people were neutral during the war? Neutral mean taking neither side in the conflict. They neither supported nor opposed the struggle for independence. Quakers were neutral because they opposed armed conflict.
Were the Quakers Patriots, neutrals, or Loyalists? Neutral
What were the 3 groups of people during the Revolutionary War? Patriots, neutral, Loyalist
Who were Tories? Loyalists
Who were the Loyalists? Those who remained loyal to Britain and opposed war for independence. 1/5 of the Americans were Tories, or Loyalists.
What was the term for those who remained loyal to Britain and did not support war for independence? Loyalists, or Tories.
Who did Loyalists support Britain? (Reasons for Loyalist Support) They were members of the Anglican Church, headed by a British king; for their jobs; fearing that a disorder would come from challenging an established government; and others couldn't understand what all the commotion was about.
In what colonies was Loyalist support the strongest and weakest? Loyalist support was strongest in the Carolinas and Georgia and weakest in New England. However, it varied from region to region.
Why did some African Americans side with the Loyalists? Because Lord Dunmore, royal governor of Virginia, announced that slaves who fought on the British side would be freed.
What is a mercenary? Hired soldiers. Called Hessians by the Americans, after the region in Germany where most of them lived. Fought for money.
Who are Hessians? mercenaries
Why did Americans have an edge over mercenaries in battle? The Patriots were fighting for the freedom of their land and the Hessians(mercenaries) were fighting for money. The Americans had a DETERMINATION TO SUCCEED.
What is he name of the army that Congress established? Continental Army
What was the Continental Army? An army that Congress established. Women also fought with Patriot forces.
How did the Continental Army find soldiers to fight? The army depended on the states to recruit, or enlist, soldiers.At first, soldiers signed up for 1 year of army service. Eventually the Continental Army offered enlistments for 3 yrs or for the length of the war.But soldiers still signed up for only 1 yr.
Define recruit. Enlist. Congress established the Continental Army but depended on the states to recruit, or enlist, soldiers.
Who was Lord Dunmore? The royal governor of Virginia. He announced that slaves who fought on the British side would be freed. This appealed to many enslaved Africans. Some were free in Canada and others settled in a British colony.
A: Historical Background Introduction Both the ___ and the _ expected the _ for ___ to be ___. The __ planned to crush the __ colonists by _. Most of the ___-Americans who ______ ____- believed the British would __ __ after losing 1 or 2 major battles. British, Americans, war, independence, short, British, rebellious, force, Patriots, supported, independence, give, up
B: The Opposing Sides PART 1- At first glance the _ had an _ _ in the war. They had the strongest _ in the _;an _,well-trained _; and the wealth of a worldwide _.Britain also had a much larger _ than the US-_ million people in Britain compared to _in US British, overwhelming, advantage, navy, world, experienced, army, wealth, empire, population, nine, 2.5 million
B: The Opposing Sides PART 2- The colonists suffered _ _.They _ a regular_ and a strong_.American soldiers lacked_ _ and_ not to mention ammunition was in short supply.Many_ belonged to_groups-_ forces-but they were_ soldiers who soon_ home to_ their _. serious, disadvantages, lacked, army, navy, military, experience, weapons, Patriots, militia, local, volunteer, returned, tend, farms
B: The Opposing Sides Part 3- The _ also faced another __. Not all Americans _ the _ for _. Some people were __, taking _ side in the war. Some Americans remained ___ to Britain. Patriots, obstacle, supported, struggle, independence, neutral, neither, loyal
C: The Loyalists Some people ____ sides from being a Loyalist, Patriot, or neutral during the war. The issue of _____ disrupted ___ relations. Friends and ____ were ____ over loyalty to ___. changed, independence, normal, families, divided, Britain
D: African Americans in the War Some African Americans sided with the ___. The British __ to __ Africans to join them at the start of the war. ___ ___, the royal __ of __, announced that ___ who fought on the _ side would be __, and many men ___ his _. Loyalists, appealed, enslaved, Lord, Dunmore, governor, Virginia, slaves, British, freed, answered, call
E: Patriotic Advantages Part 1 The Americans possessed some ___. They were __ on their own ___ and ___ with great __ to __ it. The ____, on the other hand, had to ___ war in a ____ land ad were __ to ___ soldiers and ___ 3,000 miles __ the ___ Ocean. advantages, fighting, ground, fought, determination, protect, British, wage, faraway, forced, transport, supplies, across, Atlantic
E. Patriotic Advantages Part 2 The British __ on ___- __ soldiers- to ___. The __ called the mercenaries __. after the __ in __ where most of them __. Probably the __ greatest __ was their leader __ __. Few could match his __, __, and __. relied, mercenaries, hired, fight, Americans, Hessians, region, Germany, lived, Americans', advantage, George, Washington, courage, honesty, determination
F. Raising an Army Part 1 The Americans placed great value on ___ and __ __. In some ways the ___ ___ was really ___ ___ ___, with each ___ pursuing its own ___. As a result, Congress experienced __ __ soldiers and __ __ to __ the war. liberty, personal, freedom, American, Revolution, thirteen, separate, wars, state, interests, difficulty, enlisting, raising, money, fight
F: Raising an Army Part 2 Although the ___ played an ___ role in the Patriots' ___, the Americans also needed a ___ army-well ___ soldiers who could fight ___ in the ___. The Congress established the __ __ but __ on the ___ to ___, or __ soldiers. militia, essential, forces, regular, trained, anywhere, colonies, Congress, Continental, depended, states, recruit, enlist
F: Raising an Army Part 3 At first, soldiers ___ up for __ year of ____ service. Eventually the __ ___ offered __ for __ years or for the ___ of the ___. Most soldiers ___ up for __ year. ___ also fought with the ___ forces. signed, one, army, Continental, Army, enlistments, three, length, war, signed, one, women, Patriot
Created by: Katrina1212