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American Government

Final Study guide

TermDefinition
Federal Courts a court established by a federal government; especially : one established under the constitution and laws of the United States
Original Jurisdiction the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction, when a court has the power to review a lower court's decision
Indictment an official written statement charging a person with a crime
Opinion of the court A statement that is prepared by a judge or court announcing the decision after a case is tried; includes a summary of the facts, a recitation of the applicable law and how it relates to the facts, the rationale supporting the decision, and a judgment; and
Due Process the official and proper way of doing things in a legal case : the rule that a legal case must be done in a way that protects the rights of all the people involved
Freedom of the Assembly the individual right to come together and collectively express, promote, pursue and defend common interests.
Sedition the crime of saying, writing, or doing something that encourages people to disobey their government
Bill of Rights a document containing a formal statement of rights <a patients' bill of rights>; specifically : a summary of fundamental rights and privileges guaranteed to a people against violation by the state —used especially of the first 10 amendments to the United
Shield Laws Statutes affording a privilege to journalists not to disclose in legal proceedings confidential information or sources of information obtained in their professional capacities
What is public opinion? Public opinion can also be defined as the complex collection of opinions of many different people and the sum of all their views, or as a single opinion held by an individual about a social or political topic
Ultimate political power is with who? The people
What is double jeopardy? s a procedural defence that forbids a defendant from being tried again on the same (or similar) charges following a legitimate acquittal or conviction
What is the difference between a conservative, a liberal and a moderate? A liberal is a person who believes that the government should solve the society's problems. A conservative person believes individuals are responsible for their own actions and the government should not be blamed while a moderate is indifferent to both be
How many levels to the Federal court system? 3
What is Naturalization? Legal process by which a citizen of one country becomes a citizen of another.
What is the chief way the federal government raises revenue? Income taxes
What is Medicare? health care for the aged; a federally administered system of health insurance available to persons aged 65 and over
Who has the power to raise revenue and pass appropriations? Congress
Who has the power to declare war? Congress
What are delegated powers? Delegated powers are the powers which are usually given by a higher office to a smaller office, in terms of making decisions that should have been made by that higher office.
What form of government do we have? What kind of democracy? representative democracy
Local government does not include what- mayor, manager, commission, or council?
Who did the Founding Fathers believe should have the right to vote?
About half of state revenues come from? state taxes
What is the most important form of revenue for local government? property taxes
Who is the father of the Constitution? James Madison
What do state governments not take care of?
What are the qualifications for Senator? must be at least 30 years old, 2) must have been a citizen of the United States for at least the past nine years, and 3) must be (at the time of the election) an inhabitant of the state they seek to represent.
Marbury vs, Madison- why was it important? Marbury v. Madison, arguably the most important case in Supreme Court history, was the first U.S. Supreme Court case to apply the principle of "judicial review" -- the power of federal courts to void acts of Congress in conflict with the Constitution. Wri
Conventions an assembly of persons met for a common purpose; especially : a meeting of the delegates of a political party for the purpose of formulating a platform and selecting candidates for office
Single- member districts an electoral district that returns one officeholder to a body with multiple members such as a legislature.
Petition a written document that many people sign to show that they want a person or organization to do or change something
Independent as to a political party an independent or nonpartisan politician is an individual not affiliated to any political party
Platform a declaration of the principles on which a group of persons stands; especially : a declaration of principles and policies adopted by a political party or a candidate
Jurisdiction as to the courts Jurisdiction is the practical authority granted to a formally constituted legal body or to a political leader to deal with and make pronouncements on legal matters and, by implication, to administer justice within a defined area of responsibility
Grand Jury a jury that examines accusations against persons charged with crime and if the evidence warrants makes formal charges on which the accused persons are later tried
Petit Jury a jury of 12 persons impaneled to try and to decide finally upon the facts at issue in causes for trial in a court
Precinct Captain an elected official in the American political party system. The office establishes a direct link between a political party and the voters in a local election district.[1]
Lieutenant Governor an elected official serving as deputy to the governor of an American state
Winner take all The winner take all system is a system in an election where the winner is the person who gets the most votes. This is used by most states in the Presidential election. The candidate who wins the state will get all of the states electoral votes
Article 1 Article 1 gives Congress its powers and limits. Congress is the branch of the government who can make laws for the country. Article 1 also creates the two sections of Congress, the Senate and the House of Representatives
Bill of Rights a document containing a formal statement of rights <a patients' bill of rights>; specifically : a summary of fundamental rights and privileges guaranteed to a people against violation by the state —used especially of the first 10 amendments to the United
Ratification to make (a treaty, agreement, etc.) official by signing it or voting for it
Impeachment to charge with a crime or misdemeanor; specifically : to charge (a public official) before a competent tribunal with misconduct in office
Article 2 Article 2 of the Constitution makes the executive branch of the government. The Executive branch has the responsibility and authority for the administration on a daily basis. In the United States, the executive branch is made up of the President and execu
Article 3 Article 3 of the Constitution creates a judicial branch in the United States. The Judicial branch is the court system that interprets the law. In the United States, the judicial branch includes the Supreme Court and the lower courts which are made by Cong
Created by: presteezy